Home Authors Posts by JanusGP



Iolite is a gem that comes from Cordierite. In particular, it is a more transparent variation of this mineral, and its color usually ranges from light to deep blue, with a hint of purple. Despite being a beautiful gemstone often used as a decoration in jewelry and accessories, Iolite also possesses several healing properties that are unknown to many.

Physical benefits

Physical benefits of iolite

The main physical benefit of Iolite is that it can improve your eyesight. This so-called “vision stone” operates on the third eye, facilitating intuitive sight, increasing your ability to take in light and notice details that you otherwise would easily miss. Moreover, Iolite is said to help in protecting you from the electromagnetic waves coming from electronic devices. A precious feature in times in which we are constantly busy with our smartphones, laptops, and tablets.

Iolite is also said to improve a person’s constitution, helping the body get rid of fat deposits, diminishing alcohol’s effects, and accelerating your liver’s process of detoxification. In the past, Iolite has been used to treat migraines and illnesses, killing bacteria and supporting the respiratory system with surprising results.

Mental benefits

mental benefits of iolite

Despite being highly beneficial for your body, most of Iolite’s benefits relate to the mind. First of all, this gemstone promotes sensations of calm, peace, and tranquility. It is mostly for this reason that Iolite can help people connect with their inner-self and face difficult situations with ease. In particular, this beautiful gemstone is very effective in resolving disputes and releasing disharmony within personal relationships.

That said, Iolite is also beneficial for your individual development. Its properties are helpful in enhancing self-esteem, encouraging you to take action without having to depend on other people’s validation. A crucial benefit in an era in which social media are becoming more prominent day by day, raising questions about the consequences this phenomenon is having on adolescents’ development.

The last, great benefit of Iolite is its capability to strengthen focus. It can help you concentrate better, organize your thoughts more efficiently, and communicate better. Anyone operating in the communications field can benefit from Iolite. Writers can use it to find the right words for their books while teachers could make their interaction with students smoother. More in general, Iolite can enhance any professional’s workflow, allowing you to express yourself in a clear and distinct manner. And as highlighted by CEOs and managers, communication is probably the most underrated business skill nowadays.

what you need to know about hepatitis a

Although hepatitis A is not common in Australia, it’s still a good idea to understand how people develop this disease, particularly if you’re planning in doing some overseas travel. This is because for Australians, hepatitis A is usually spread overseas when an individual eats food or drinks liquid that is in some way contaminated with infected faecal matter. In this article, we take a closer look at how this might happen, in addition to looking at methods of treatment for hepatitis A.

Understanding more about contracting hepatitis A

The first thing to note regarding hepatitis A is that even though it can cause serious harm, it readily has a vaccine available – the vivaxim vaccine – that can help prevent this damage. If you are planning on going somewhere that might require this vaccine (some specific places overseas), your doctor will often recommend it to you before you go. This pressing need to get vaccinated against hepatitis A is due to how extremely contagious it can be, and it is imperative that those who are carrying the disease stay away from highly populated and vulnerable areas, such as childcares, schools, workplaces and busy urban zones. Although hepatitis A can be bad for some individuals, symptoms for most patients include things like fever, stomach pains, nausea, jaundice (the development of yellow skin and eyes) and darker urine than normal, with many of these symptoms occurring due to hepatitis affecting the liver. Some people with hepatitis may not even demonstrate symptoms particularly those under the age of five which is why it’s so important that you see your doctor if you believe you may have contracted hep A. Even if it is contracted, most patients will thankfully make a full recovery.

How hepatitis A can develop in patients

Contracting hepatitis A can be very easy when travelling overseas in certain countries, such as South America, Africa, Russia and Asia. Transmission usually occurs as a result of faecal-oral contact, such as when someone who is infected prepares food without exercising proper hygiene, if contaminated sewerage makes its way into a water supply, or through sexual contact (and particularly through oral-anal sex in this instance). These factors mean that transmission in Australia is relatively uncommon, but it can still happen in certain instances, such as when remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities might not have access to clean drinking water. If you travel to one of these at-risk countries and contract hepatitis A, you’ll find that you won’t immediately demonstrate symptoms because symptoms start approximately 2 to 4 weeks after catching the disease, you might even start developing symptoms after returning home, and this is the point where you should contact a doctor and self-isolate.

How to manage hepatitis A

If you do not receive the hepatitis A vaccine and contract the illness, there is only a very small chance that you will be subject to severe symptoms such as liver failure. Because there is no medicine to heal those who have already contacted it, you will more often than not just need to get plenty of rest, drink fluids regularly and abstain from any alcohol use or use of medicines that have some kind of interaction with your liver. If you’re unsure about what these medicines could be, your doctor will usually advise.

skin problems that can be helped with topical cbd

CBD or cannabidiol is the second most prevalent active ingredient in marijuana and hemp plants. It gained popularity because of the abundant health benefits it offers, and due to its non-psychoactive nature as it does not make you high. CBD is known to help relieve insomnia, pain, depression, and anxiety. Moreover, it can also help with skin problems when used topically in CBD Skin Care Products, such as creams, balms, and lotions. Topical CBD is quickly absorbed into the skin after its application and specifically targets the areas it is applied too, which allows it to treat various skin conditions. 

The following are 5 skin problems that topical CBD can help with:

Psoriasis This is an autoimmune disorder that causes dry, itchy patches on the skin. People who have psoriasis often look for different types of treatments since there is no cure for it. Topical CBD, such as balms, creams, and salves, can be a great option to treat psoriasis since it can effectively manage pain and inflammation associated with the disease.

Eczema Eczema causes the skin to become red, itchy and inflamed. Topical CBD can particularly help people with eczema because it has anti-inflammatory and anti-itch properties. CBD activates certain receptors on the peripheral sensory nerve fibres, which inhibits itching signals. Moreover, topical CBD creams can also help relieve pain caused by eczema.

Acne – Since acne is an inflammatory condition, CBD creams and balms can help relieve acne-prone skin because of its anti-inflammatory properties. Topical CBD also has calming effects to help soothe the skin to make it look and feel better. Most people with acne-prone skin also suffer from excess sebum (oil) production, leading to acne flare-ups, and topical CBD acts to regulate this sebum production.

Aging-skin and Wrinkles As you age, your skin produces lesser and lesser collagen each year, which results in the skin becoming thinner and developing wrinkles. Collagen also breaks down at a faster rate due to the presence of free radicals. Since CBD is a powerful antioxidant, it helps fight free-radical and, therefore, has anti-ageing properties that can help reduce wrinkles for a more youthful and firmer look.

Dry and Sensitive Skin Since CBD helps regulate sebum production, it can also help those suffering from dry skin problems. CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties make topical CBD perfect for sensitive skin since it can soothe skin and reduce redness. Moreover, topical CBD products are natural, which benefit sensitive skin because they are not loaded with synthetic chemicals like other skincare products.


Topical CBD can help several skin-related problems and can be more effective than many other natural skincare products. Its anti-inflammatory properties can help soothe skin and reduce redness. Its antioxidant properties can help anti-ageing skin and protect skin against the sun’s ultraviolet radiation, leading to skin cancer. Apart from skin-related conditions, topical CBD balms can also help with muscle aches and pains. Overall, topical CBD can be a great option, especially when other skincare products don’t work because of its wide range of benefits.





Going through a stillbirth is one of the most devastating things that can happen to a parent and requires a lot of personal care to recover from. But how?

If you’ve recently experienced a stillbirth, you’re likely going through a very challenging time. Your physical and mental fortitude will be tested in the coming weeks and months, but you will make it through this.

A multitude of causes can contribute to stillbirths, from congenital abnormalities to complications during birth. Whatever the reason, you will likely require some time to come to terms with what’s happened.

In this article, we’re going to give you some advice on recovering both physically and mentally after a stillbirth. But before we do that, we’re going to briefly discuss what a stillbirth is, its causes, and its warning signs. We hope this will help you to overcome this troubling time.

What is a Stillbirth?

A stillbirth is when a baby passes away anywhere between 20 weeks into the pregnancy and the due date. The baby can either die during the pregnancy or during the birth.

Miscarriages are different from stillbirths because they occur during the first 20 weeks of gestation. Stillbirths happen in around 1 in every 200 births in England.

What Causes Stillbirth?

The actual root causes of stillbirth are unknown, but there are a number of factors that contribute to it, including:

  • Congenital abnormalities: conditions that affect either the structure of the baby’s body or its ability to function whilst in the uterus.
  • Premature birth: where the baby is too undeveloped to survive.
  • Foetal growth restriction: where the baby doesn’t grow to the size it’s expected to.
  • Mother’s medical conditions: such as diabetes, renal disease, heart disease or pre-eclampsia.
  • Birth complications
  • Umbilical cord/placenta issues
  • Late maternal age
  • Obesity
  • Infection
  • Smoking, drinking or taking drugs throughout pregnancy
  • Trauma to the mother’s abdomen

Stillbirth Symptoms and Warning Signs

If you’re pregnant and are worried about stillbirth, here’s a quick list of symptoms and warning signs. If you experience any of these, call a doctor or the hospital immediately:

  • Your baby has stopped moving, is moving less or is moving differently than usual
  • There’s a strong pain or cramping in your abdomen or back
  • You feel dizzy, your vision changes, or you have severe/long-lasting headaches
  • Your face, feet or hands swell up or you have painful swelling in your legs
  • You have serious or unending nausea/vomiting that upsets your eating or drinking
  • You develop chills or a fever

How to Recover Physically After a Stillbirth

Now that we have an idea of what a stillbirth is, we’re going to give you some advice on recovering physically. The experience of giving birth to a baby in this way can have a huge physical impact on your body. In the first few days and weeks you might suffer from nausea, heart palpitations, diarrhoea and chest pains.

On top of the grief and strong emotions you’re likely to experience after a stillbirth, you’ll probably feel physically exhausted as well. You may even feel bruised and battered, especially if you had to undergo a c-section, episiotomy or a tear that needed stitches.

To recover from these physical difficulties, pay close attention to the following steps:

1. Make sure you have follow-up checks

About six to eight weeks after the stillbirth, you should have a follow-up health check with your GP or hospital consultant. When you leave the hospital, they should tell you whether you need to see your GP or if they’ll perform this check-up themselves.

If you haven’t heard from anyone after six weeks, make an appointment with your GP. The consultant will check to make sure you’re healing well and give you the opportunity to ask any burning questions.

Don’t be afraid to bring up anything that’s on your mind or any physical issues you’re having. The doctor will be able to advise you on what you need to know.

2. Relax and recuperate

The emotional toll of going through a stillbirth can make it difficult for you to fall asleep at night. Try to get sleep whenever you can by using the following relaxation technique:

  • Sit or lie down, close your eyes and take in a deep breath.
  • As you breathe out, relax any muscles where you’re holding tension so that they feel soft and loose.
  • Repeat this until you feel completely calm, relaxed and ready to drift off.

If you choose to do this lying down, make sure you’re comfortable by lying on your side, placing cushions or pillows under your belly and between your knees.

3. Eat to keep your strength up

With all the emotions you’re feeling right now, you might feel like you can’t eat anything. However, to fully recover physically and mentally you need to make sure you eat well.

It doesn’t matter so much what you eat in the first days after your stillbirth, as long as you’re eating something. You can focus on nutrition and building a healthy diet once your appetite starts to come back.

On top of that, you need to make sure you’re hydrated. Drinking lots of water will help protect you against blood clots, which you’re more vulnerable to after giving birth. It will also help you keep your energy levels up.

4. Do some gentle exercise

If you haven’t been specifically instructed to avoid physical activity, you should start doing some gentle exercise. This will make you feel better both physically and mentally and might even help you sleep at night, especially if you tire yourself out.

You could start with a daily walk, aiming to go a bit further every day. Remember, if you don’t want to bump into any friends or relatives, you can choose to do it at a quiet time of day. You can also begin exercising your pelvic floor and lower tummy muscles.

Only move on to more strenuous activity once you’ve had your postnatal check, and speak to your doctor first if you had a c-section.

How to Recover Mentally After a Stillbirth

Recovering physically is one thing, but getting your mind back on track after a stillbirth is a whole other ballpark. The following advice is hopefully a good starting point for moving on from this devastating time in your life

1. Take Time to Grieve

Losing a baby is an enormous shock to the system. Some women are sure they can hear their baby crying and some think they can still feel their baby kicking inside them.

In the first few months after the loss, most parents are surprised at how much and how long they grieve for. Grieving is a huge part of the process as there is no healing without a certain amount of pain; all you can do is accept the pain as part of your life.

Friends and acquaintances will want to help you, but they often expect you to get back to ‘normal’ before you’re ready. Make sure to grieve in your own time and really come to terms with what has happened as you start to move on with your life.

2. Create memories

Some parents might want to try and forget that this trauma ever happened, but it’s much healthier to confront the subject and accept it.

Creating memories of your baby can really help, for example by seeing and holding your baby, having a photograph taken, and giving the baby a name. You can also keep a lock of hair, the baby’s shawl, or take hand and footprints as a reminder of what you had and what you’ve lost.

This might sound like the opposite of what you want to do, but these little things can help you remember your baby as a person and, in time, come to terms with your loss.

3. Say goodbye

Having a funeral and saying goodbye to your baby is an important part of coming to terms with your loss. The hospital might even offer to arrange a funeral, burial or cremation either free of charge or for a small fee. If this isn’t possible you can arrange your own funeral through the hospital chaplain, or contact someone in:

  • Your own religious community
  • Humanist UK
  • The Miscarriage Association
  • Sands

These organisations will help you arrange a funeral, and if you really can’t face it, you don’t have to attend.

4. Share your feelings

Throughout this whole process, it’s important not to suffer in silence. Express your feelings to close friends and family members and allow them to comfort you.

Some parents also find it useful to talk to other couples who have been through a stillbirth and discuss their feelings with them. This helps reassure them that their feelings are normal and that they’re not alone.

Talking about your baby and telling your story over and over again are cathartic ways of getting your head around your stillbirth.

If you’re finding it hard to know what to say, or it’s too sad for you to discuss openly with someone, it might help to write down what happened and log how you feel each day. You could start a diary, write a poem, create a blog; whatever outlet you need to deal with your grief.

Will I Ever Get Over the Loss of my Baby?

In this post we’ve given you some advice on how to get over the physical and mental turmoil of losing a child to stillbirth.

Hopefully the advice we’ve given here helps you recover and come to terms with the passing of your baby. The road ahead will be difficult, but as long as you try your best to look after yourself and come to terms with the stillbirth, you will make it through.

Thank you for reading this post and best of luck with your recovery.

facial feminization surgery

Facial feminization surgery (FFS), you've may have heard about it but have no idea what it really is about. FFS is a surgery that involves the cosmetic modification of one's facial features. FFS NYC explains that the goal of this type of surgery is to soften strong male features into a shape more typically feminine. FFS is commonly done on transgender women or assigned male at birth (AMAG) non-binary trans people. Other people, like cisgender women, also pursue this type of surgery.

FFS is customized to each person and include up to every part of the face and neck. Facial feminization surgery is focused mostly on modifying the bone structure and nose shape. Soft tissue work, such as neck lifts and face lifts, can be included if necessary.

How Much Does it Cost?

The first thing people usually ask when inquiring about FFS is the cost. According to experts at FFS NYC, Facial Feminization Surgery initially wasn't included in health insurance or government healthcare. But nowadays, some insurers are starting to include FFS from select surgeons.

Out-of-pocket costs for FFS are usually between the $20,000 to $50,000 range. In some cases, it can even cost more, depending on the surgeon and the amount of component procedures that are needed to be done.

Insurance providers usually classify FFS as an elective cosmetic procedure. But, compared to genital surgeries such as phalloplasty and vaginoplasty, FFS has more impact an individual's mental health and social well-being. As our society becomes more and more aware and accepting of transgender issues nowadays, medical institutions are gradually accepting FFS as fundamental part of transgender care, rather than optional and elective.

How to Choose Your Doctor

Choosing the right surgeon to perform the FFS on you is vital to its success. You can't just choose any doctor for the job; you need to make sure they have the right experience for it.

To choose the right surgeon, you usually pursue face-to-face or Skype (or Zoom) interviews with as many surgeons as you can. Don't be afraid to ask as any questions possible. This way you'll be able to get a feel of how each surgeon works, and also get an idea of the variations in each surgeon's techniques and bedside manner.

Most surgeons provide consultations and presentations in major cities and even appear at some transgender conferences. It can also be a good idea to reach out to patients of surgeons that catch your attention. This can be done via online forums, support groups, or mutual friends.

What Procedures are Involved in FFS?

There exist several subtle differences between masculinized and unmasculanized faces. In combination, these two tip the scale to a face that can be interpreted as male or female. According to FFS NYC, in facial feminization surgery each area of the face is addressed in individual procedures such as:


Procedures to alter the hairline is often done to offset the effect of receding hairline or male pattern baldness.

This is achieved by accessing an incision from the forehead into the scalp. The most common way to do it is to cut along the hairline, which makes it possible for the scalp and hairline to physically move forwar and lower the entire hairline in return. For years, this was the only procedure available, with hairline advancement becoming the default standard, even though it often had a masculinizing effect.

Over the years, a new method of coronal incision (done along the top of the head) has been developed by the FacialTeam in Spain. The coronal incision hides the incision scar using the bulk of the individual's head hair. It faces upwards, hidden from the view of most people.

If you're planning on getting a hair transplant, consult your doctor about coronal incision. A coronal incision, allows for simultaneous hair transplants, unlike hairline advancement procedure because the incision is away from the hairline.


Forehead procedures shape the forehead by shaving down strong or hard' angles and decreasing the brow bone's prominence. Oftentimes, the brow shaved down when its protrusion is smaller and when the brow bone itself is thick.

When you shave down the brow bone, it may result in a hole in the sinus cavity. This is why people with more prominent brow protrusion require a more involved procedure.

Nose Procedures

Nose jobs or rhinoplasty shapes the nose to fit within unmasculanized norms, while keeping it naturally proportioned with the rest of the facial features.

There isn't really a significant difference with rhinoplasty for transgender individuals and standard cosmetic rhinoplasty. But a surgeon that's well versed with FFS can sometimes provide better results, especially when it involves altering multiple areas of the face at once.

When a client requests for less extreme changes, rhinoplasty can be done without external scarring. If a client demands more obvious changes to the nose, an open rhinoplasty may be the best option. This results to a small scar, which is barely noticeable, between the nostrils.

Lift Procedures

The proportions of skin above the lips and below the lips of masculinized and unmasculanized faces are different.

In most cases, there appears to be a shorter distance between the upper lip and the base of the nose for unmasculanized faces. The upper lip usually curls more upward. A musculanized face, however, can be given a lip lift. This results to a shorter distance above the lip and changes the lip orientation.

Jaw Surgery

Jaw surgery is done mostly on the back corners of the jaw, where the bone turns upwards to the ears. FFS NYC surgeons can smooth strong protrusions, but there are limitations to the number of reductions done. The jawbone contains a crucial nerve, and aggressively reducing it increasis the risk of exposing or severing the nerve.

Cheek Procedures

Although cheek augmentation is not really commonly done, it's recommended by some surgeons only for special cases.

Cheek augmentation involves fat grafting OR cheek implantations. For most people, when synthetic hormones start to redistribute body fat, the cheeks get bigger or fuller on their own. For this reason, a surgical procedure is often unnecessary.  

Soft Tissue Procedures

Soft tissue procedures can be done together with the some of the major FFS procedures listed above. These include:

  • Eye lifts
  • Face lifts
  • Lip injections/fillers
  • Eyebrow lifts

In most cases, these procedures aren't considered necessary and don't impact how people perceive the gender of the face.

weight loss

Taking weight loss supplements is an efficient method of losing weight that has caught on over the past decade or so. For many people suffering from obesity, the condition is often accompanied by other health conditions, forcing them to look for faster and effective ways to lose weight.

Experts believe that using weight loss supplements in combination with a diet or exercise program is an effective way of losing weight. Here are three examples of weight loss supplements that have received a lot of attention in recent times.

1.   Xenical for Weight Loss

Xenical is the trade name of an orlistat drug which is used to treat obesity. Xenical works by inhibiting the absorption of fats from the foods humans eat.  

Xenical works together with a doctor-approved weight loss program such as a prescribed diet, exercise, and change in lifestyle. It can be used to aid with weight loss or to prevent weight gain after a successful loss of weight.

Orlistat works by inhibiting fats' absorption thus reducing your calorie intake, but doesn't block calorie absorption from other types of food such as sugar. This is why you need to continue with your prescribed reduced-calorie diet program.

Keep in mind that Xenical, taken alongside your weight loss program is effective but it can interfere with the intake of fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E, and K. It is a prescription drug, and so you need to adhere to your doctor's instructions.

2.   Precose for Weight Loss

Acarbose, sold in North America under the trade name Precose, is an anti-diabetic drug typically used to treat diabetes mellitus type 2. Precose works by slowing down the breakdown and absorption of carbohydrates in the intestines from food.

Precose, taken together with a hypocaloric diet, has shown very modest results in obese people. Additionally, it doesn't help in maintaining weight after weight loss. Unfortunately, precose has several side effects, including severe constipation, diarrhea, liver problems, bloating, and skin rash.

3.   Naltrexone for Weight Loss

Naltrexone is an opiate antagonist that is taken by people with addiction problems to decrease their urge to take opiates. It has also been used for weight loss in people struggling with body weight. Combined with a weight loss program or an exercise program, Naltrexone is effective in weight loss with results evident within the first 6 to 12 months.

Although Naltrexone has also had positive weight loss results in diabetic people, little is known about its side effects on diabetes and other preexisting conditions. Additionally, if after taking Naltrexone for three months and you don't achieve at least a 5% weight loss, it is advisable that you discontinue its use.

Are Weight Loss Supplements Effective and Safe?

Some weight loss supplements are effective and help you lose weight faster than if you only followed a diet or weight loss program. However, you must ask your doctor about the side effects of the supplements.

Most weight loss supplements are prescription drugs, but you might be tempted to take more for faster results. This is very risky because the supplements affect other areas of your body hence why you need to follow the instructions to the letter.

becoming a nurse

It is not an exaggeration to state that society is evolving every day, and the fast pace of technological development has had a lot to do that. One of the most significant consequences of this is that many careers are becoming obsolete. For people who are either just starting out in the world of employment or are looking for a career change, it is important to choose a career that has a future. There are several options, of course, but none quite so rewarding as becoming a nurse. Nursing takes place in a wide range of environments and is a varied and challenging career with lots of opportunity for progression, but it also makes a positive difference to people in need every day.

If you are hoping to pursue a career in nursing but are not sure what is involved, you will find the key steps required in this complete guide to becoming a registered nurse.

How to train as a nurse in 4 steps

While the specific qualifications and accreditations required to become a nurse may vary depending on which state you wish to practice in, you will usually need to follow these steps.                   

Decide on your preferred career path

People often have a narrow view of what a nurse does and where they work, but the reality is that nurses can follow lots of different paths and there is plenty of opportunity for promotion and progression. At the start of your journey, you need to consider the type of environment you would like to work in. Nurses are found in hospitals, private clinics, schools, nursing homes, addiction and rehabilitation centers, and mental health facilities, to name just a few settings.

Nurses can specialize in a range of fields such as pediatrics, geriatrics, midwifery, or mental health. Some nursing roles are more supportive in nature, while others involve managing others, prescribing care, medication, or running a healthcare facility.

Because there are so many potential routes for qualified nurses to follow, it makes sense to at least consider where you see yourself working so you can select the most appropriate training course. Of course, your plans may change as you gain more experience, and your initial training will cover several different scenarios and skills.

Complete a nursing training program

When you have identified a potential career path, you will need to complete a nursing program that includes both theoretical training and clinical experience. In most states, you need to have a degree in nursing known as a Bachelor of Science in Nursing (BSN), but in some cases, a nursing diploma from a community college or an Associate Degree in Nursing (ADN) could be acceptable.

The clinical experience is an essential part of your training as it provides you with practical experience and first-hand knowledge of nursing in real-life settings. The clinical placements are also an opportunity to meet and learn from other nurses and to work in different environments so you can choose the best path for your interests.

When choosing a training program, you need to consider the practicalities, i.e. how will it fit around your family, existing commitments and schedule? Training in theory will take place at a college or university, but clinical placements will be elsewhere, so transport will be essential. The theoretical elements of nursing degrees can be completed online, but clinical placements must be conducted in an approved medical setting. Nursing degrees can take up to four years to complete, but there are accelerated nursing programs that can be completed online at a faster pace.

Get your nursing license

It is not enough to complete a training program, as you need to prove that you have acquired the necessary skills and knowledge to practice in your chosen state. To get your license, you will need to sit an exam. Throughout your career, you will need to sit more exams when you wish to advance to a more senior or specialized position such as a nurse practitioner, midwife, or anesthetist.

Continue learning

To be able to work in healthcare you need to be prepared to continue with your education and training throughout your career. Medicine and treatment are always developing, so it is essential that healthcare professionals are up to date with the latest information and research. This becomes even more important as a nurse's responsibilities increase. The more committed you are to continued improvement, the more likely it is that your career will continue an upward trajectory and you will be considered for promotions. There are several ways to continue your nursing education, including:

  • Completing continuing education courses every two years (each state's nursing board will have different requirements)
  • Specializing in a particular area of nursing through certification
  • Studying for an advanced nursing degree such as a Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) or a Doctoral degree.

Entry-level nursing positions

Here is an introduction to the types of entry-level nursing positions you may want to consider before you select a training program.

Certified Nursing Assistant (CNA)

A Certified Nursing Assistant, or CNA, provides basic care to patients and is required to record key information and communicate issues to more senior nursing staff. For example, a CNA may bathe and feed patients, clean rooms, answer calls from patients, etc. This position requires a diploma or certificate which takes up to 12 weeks to complete. It is an appropriate option for people who want to enter the nursing profession quickly and acquire practical experience.

Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN)

A Licensed Practical Nurse or LPN (also referred to as a licensed vocational nurse in certain states) also provides basic patient care such as dressing and re-dressing wounds, bathing, and feeding patients. In some states, LPNs are also able to administer medication. It takes a year to achieve a certificate or diploma, which enables you to work as an LPN, and the credits from this qualification may be put towards a registered nursing degree program.

Registered Nurse (RN)

Registered Nurses or RNs experience a more varied and challenging career and have more opportunities for progression. An RN will provide patients with care and medication in line with a doctor's diagnosis and prescription. They also support doctors during physical examinations and surgical procedures. To become an RN, you must complete a nursing diploma, but most employers prefer to employ a nurse with a Bachelor of Science degree in nursing.

Advanced level nursing positions

When you have achieved your Bachelor of Science degree in nursing, you will be able to progress onto an advanced nursing program. In some cases, you can study a more advanced course if you have already achieved a degree in another field and you have relevant work experience. For example, an RN who has an associate degree may be able to complete a BSN and an MSN at the same college (one after the other) through a bridge course.

Here are some of the opportunities available to nurses with an advanced degree.

Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)

A Nurse Anesthetist helps patients with pain management. Anesthesia may be required before, during, and/or after a medical procedure, and the nurse anesthetist is responsible for ensuring the correct level of anesthesia is administered, e.g. regional, local, or general. Some states allow anesthetists to work without the supervision of a doctor. To become a Nurse Anesthetist after January 1st 2022, you will need to complete a doctorate as this will be a requirement for nurse anesthetists by 2025.

Certified Nurse Midwife (CNM)

A certified midwife provides care for women before and after they have given birth, as well as care for newborn babies. Midwives are also involved in educating women and their families on general health and wellbeing.

Nurse Practitioner (NP)

A Nurse Practitioner or NP is one of the most senior positions as in some states they are able to practice in the same manner as a doctor, i.e. diagnosing conditions and prescribing medication or treatment. This means that an NP can open their own medical practice in some cases. To be able to practice as an NP in 2025, nurses will need to complete a Doctorate in Nursing Practice.

Nursing Informatics

For nurses with an interest in technology and advancing the field of nursing, a career in nursing informatics could be perfect. In addition to training nurses so they can use the latest technology, you would also be researching and inventing new ways to improve the healthcare system and data management.

Nurse Leadership/Administration

If you have excellent organizational skills and are good at managing people, administration or leadership is the ideal goal for you. These nurses become operational managers who ensure healthcare facilities run as efficiently and effectively as possible, including both medical, operational, and financial aspects.

Changing your nursing career path.

One of the most appealing points about a career in nursing is that after years of the same role in the same setting, you can change it up. By returning to education, you can shake up your career, e.g. by completing a master's degree in midwifery, becoming a teacher for nurses in training, or branching out into medical research to further the nursing profession through a PhD.

skin complexion

Maintaining a healthy complexion is top of most peoples radar these days and an intake of the right vitamins and minerals can help produce radiant skin throughout the year. This article looks at 3 of the most important vitamins that can help maintain your complexion and where you can get them from.

Vitamin E

Vitamin E is probably one of the most important vitamins when it comes to your skin complexion. It has been proven to contribute to the protection of cells from Oxidative stress, which in turn can really help with premature aging and wrinkles. It has also been used to reduce blood clots by widening blood vessels and has been given as a supplement to reduce the effects of alzheimers. You can find vitamin E in many foods, such as cereals and juice, but is also found naturally in green vegetables such as broccoli and spinach.


Biotin is part of the B vitamin family and is an essential part of helping your body convert food to energy. Where biotin comes into its own though is in maintaining healthy skin, hair and nails. Scientists aren't sure what role it plays in maintaining healthy hair and nails, but in studies carried out, subjects that had a moderate amount of biotin in their diet had healthier, stronger components of all the above. It is found most commonly in nuts, seeds and egg yolks and is also available as a multivitamin supplement.


Riboflavin is also known as vitamin B2 and is a vitamin that is excreted daily by the body and therefore needs to be replaced. It is an essential vitamin that maintains the function of the skin and can be found in abundance in eggs nuts and dairy products. If you eat the above in reasonable amounts daily, then you should be receiving enough to maintain healthy skin function. There are of course many other vitamins and minerals that contribute to healthy skin, but these 3 vitamins are essential to maintain a healthy glow whilst operating a busy lifestyle. Check your diet to ensure you are getting enough and if you aren't it may be time to look if a supplement could help.


Many people suffer from severe body ache, which is unbearable at times. Many people are addicted to consuming a heavy dosage of medicines to get some relief. However, to deal with the awful pain, they don't keep a count on the medicines and keep on consuming it unlimitedly, as and when required, making their body feeble with time. Over-consumption of such medicines becomes a very serious issue with passing time as the body stops reacting to them, leaving the sufferer in acute pain. You all might be thinking about how these things can be avoided. Well, we have something good for you that can help to overcome this. It is the Gold Maeng Da Kratom.

The Kratom leaves can be used for soothing the pain. It is believed to provide relief in all types of chronic pains that are caused due to illness or some injury. Such chronic pains make the person helpless and they look for support in doing their daily chores. Gold Maeng Da Kratom is a blessing to such people as it gives huge relief in pain and they can get back on their daily track.

Gold Maeng Da Kratom is a very popular form of Kratom holding the strain of the highest quality. Over the years, the farmers of Thailand worked hard to fasten together the different strains of Kratom to create a high-quality strain. This high-quality strain consists of super-powerful alkaloid concentrations. The reason Gold Maeng Da holds a special place among all the strains is that it holds the properties of the best-mixed Kratom strains. These strains are made using fully-grown green tea leaves that are horny. The best thing about this gold Kratom is that it is not a sedative that makes anyone feel restless. The results are seen very promptly with consumption of just 2 grams of kratom. And the best thing is that it will remain effective on the person for as long as 6 hours.

What is the process of obtaining Gold Maeng Da Kratom?

The gold color Kratom is yielded through a fermentation process by combining green and white-colored strains of mitragyna speciosa. You might be surprised to know that even the yellow strains are obtained by mixing green and white strains. However, the entire drying process of yielding yellow and gold Kratom is different.  The procedure to obtain Gold Kratom is as follows:

  • The first step is to remove the veins and stems from the leaves of mitragyna speciosa.
  • These removed leaves are sundried completely.
  • Once the leaves get successfully dried, the actual fermentation process begins. Over here, the dried leaves of mitragyna speciosa are made wet again which is a step inclusive in the drying process.
  • By this drying process, the concentration of 7-hydroxy mitragynine is enhanced to the paramount level. Also, the level of alkaloid Mitragynine Pseudoindoxyl build-ups to its best level which makes the Gold Maeng Da extremely potent. This entire process turns the leaves golden in color. On the grounds of this, the name given is Gold Maeng Da Kratom.
  • This gold Kratom is made available for the people in a powder form. The consumption of this powder can be done in form of a shake or it can be had in form of capsules.

Good Facts related to Gold Maend Da Kratom

  • The name Gold Maeng Da Kratom' is given by the vendors belonging to Thailand.
  • A small and single dose of this Kratom helps in relieving chronic pain in no time and the effects are long-lasting.
  • This is a very good healthy alternative to avoid the long-term dangerous side-effects of pain relievers on the body.
  • Gold Maeng Kratom Da is free from being sedative and no such effects of anxiety or shakiness are observed in the people consuming it. Instead, it makes the person feel elated for a long time along with easing the pain.
  • Gold Kratom is very pure, powerful, and free from adulterations.

Though Gold Maeng da Kratom is pure and does not have any after-effects, if you are suffering from any disease, it is advised to consult your doctor before consuming the Gold Maeng da Kratom.

essential oils for head lice

Lice are very likely to infest a child or an adult no matter how much he/she cares for hygiene. It really makes you panic when you realize that someone of your family has got infested with lice. You start looking for the best ways to get rid of the lice. You find many manual, natural and chemical ways to do so, but what to choose is the question. The use of natural oils has been found a very effective way to remove lice and nits from human head. It may be very rewarding if you apply tea tree oil for lice and coconut oil for lice for the treatment of head lice found in you or your child.

  • Tea tree oil

Filled with powerful antiseptic properties, tea tree oil has been found very effective against the head lice. A practical research has proved that a 1% tea tree oil solution is enough to kill 100 percent head lice within 30 minutes after its application. Being very strong in its effect, it may hurt the sensitive skin of some people. So, you must apply it to a small area first just to check the sensitivity of your child's skin or that of yours. If you find it affecting adversely, you may dilute it by mixing a good amount of carrier oil like vegetable, olive or almond oil with a ratio of three tablespoons to one tablespoon of tea tree oil. Two to three applications a week will smother all the lice and nits to kill them and then you can remove them through combing your hair section-wise for the best results.

  • Coconut oil

The successful smothering technique is fruitful with the coconut oil as well. Leaving it on the hair for at least two or more hours will suffocate the lice and loosen the grip of nits onto the hair. Then you may wash the hair with a shampoo of some fine quality and comb out all the lice and nits from the head. Again, the smothering technique may not be as effective against the nits as it is against the adult lice. So, repeating the treatment for a few more times is necessary to get the desired results. The antiseptics and the antioxidants present in coconut oil are not hazardous to the human skin and cause no irritation or allergy to even the most sensitive head skins.

  • Neem oil

Though very ill smelling, this natural oil has shown marvelous results when applied against lice and nits. Application of Neem oil disrupts the life cycle of a louse and it is killed then and there, making the oil a strong insect repellent. You may either buy some Neem-oil based shampoo from the market or mix 8 to 10 drops of this essential oil with one ounce of your regular shampoo. Apply and leave the mixture on your hair for around 20 minutes and then wash your head thoroughly and efficiently to remove all lice and nits. Repeat the whole process at least twice a week to get the best results.