Melatonin is a hormone made by the pineal gland. It is a pea sized gland just above the middle of your brain. Melatonin helps your body to know when to sleep and wake up. Your body makes more melatonin at night. The level of melatonin in your body generally goes up in the evening after the Sun sets. The production is generally dependent on the amount of light you get every day and your own body clock.
Melatonin supplements are easily available in different forms like pills, liquids and chewable.
Why use it?
If you're suffering from insomnia and you have trouble falling asleep and staying asleep, you can take melatonin. People also take it for other sleep problems like delayed sleep phase disorder. People who are working jobs that disrupt typical sleep schedules suffer from a condition known a sleep work disorder. They also take melatonin to get over this problem. It is also prescribed by the doctors for different conditions like
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
- High night-time blood pressure
- Sleep problems in children with autism spectrum disorders
Be careful while taking it
If you are taking the following medicines, then you should be careful while using melatonin. If you are taking medicines like the following, then you should take care while taking melatonin supplements.
- Blood-thinning medications (anticoagulants)
- Drugs that suppress the immune system (immunosuppressants)
- Diabetes drugs
- Birth control pills
Effectiveness of melatonin
Melatonin can help people find it difficult to fall asleep at the conventional bedtime. They may be suffering from delayed sleep phase syndrome. When they take melatonin by mouth, this supplement can reduce the length of time needed to fall asleep. It can also help children and adults who are blind to improve their sleep.
Melatonin is beneficial against sleep disturbance caused by certain blood-pressure medicine. It is effective against beta blockers induced insomnia. Such beta-blocker drugs can reduce melatonin levels and in that case the person may suffer from sleep problems. When that person takes a melatonin supplement it can reduce problems sleeping in patients taking beta-blocker drugs.
People suffering from insomnia will get immediate relief by taking melatonin because it can shorten the amount of time necessary to fall asleep in people with insomnia. It can also increase the amount of time that a person with insomnia spends sleeping. Many people who use melatonin supplements find that helps them to sleep better.
Melatonin is also capable of helping people who suffer from jet lag. It can improve certain symptoms of jet lag like alertness and movement coordination. It can also improve other jet lag symptoms including daytime sleepiness and tiredness.
Melatonin is not only helpful in eliminating sleep problems, it can also help in getting relief in a painful uterine disorder or endometriosis. Women suffering from this problem will get relief because melatonin will reduce pain and it will also reduce pain during menstruation, intercourse and while going to the bathroom. Melatonin can also lower blood pressure in people with high blood pressure.
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