Home Authors Posts by admin




Reducing risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and dementia isn't always easy, but with persistence and dedication to eating right and exercising daily it's definitely possible. When it comes to older adults searching for the interest and motivation to workout everyday, a little creativity is required, and that is where dance comes into play!

There are loads of opportunities for seniors to find themselves dancing including:

– Taking a dance-inspired fitness class like Zumba or Jazzercise

– Joining a social dance club

– Learning new dance moves, like taking a ballroom dancing class

– Attending an event or fundraiser with music and dancing

– Joining a community-organized flash mob

– Participating in a charity dance-a-thon (or dance marathon)

– Live streaming instructional dance fitness videos at home

– Playing a dance-based video game (like Just Dance)

Check out these five reasons why dance is a go-to fitness motivator (and health booster) for seniors:

Generates Low-impact Aerobic Exercise

Dancing provides a low-impact aerobic exercise that's great for seniors. Like playing tennis, hiking, cycling, or swimming, dancing is easier on the joints while still a comprehensive workout for the heart and other muscles. Dancing gets your heart rate up and increases blood circulation which is critical for strengthening the cardiovascular system to prevent heart disease. It is also a great way to burn calories and keep off the pounds, lowering risk for obesity and diabetes.

Hones Balance and Coordination

The movement, positions, and partner (or group) work all used in dance are great skill refiners of flexibility, balance, and coordination. A critical determinant in whether you remain mobile and independent, balance is a key skill required in preventing seniors from experiencing debilitating falls. Dancing strengthens all those priority functions while raising confidence and esteem to boot.

Provides Social Interaction

One of the best parts of dancing is the social component that brings many generations, not just seniors, together. Engaging with other people in activity and conversation has been shown to help stimulate cognitive functions as well as build and strengthen neurons and neural pathways in the brain. This boost in brain health can have a positive impact in helping prevent the cognitive degeneration associated with Alzheimer's and dementia down the line.

Relieves Pain

Pain is an all too familiar companion for some older adults, whether it's arthritis inflammation or low back strain. Multiples studies have revealed that low-impact dancing helps to relieve stiffness, especially in the knees and hips, and that overtime, can loosen joints and stretch and strengthen muscles which aids pain reduction. Wearing an orthotic brace or sleeve can help keep some seniors on the dance floor by offering extra compression and support to vulnerable joints

Offers a Mental Workout

Whether it's tapping into your artistic side or the fact that it requires closely listening to music, dance is a mental workout worth sweating for. In addition, some studies have shown that regular dancing helps improve mood and reduce feelings of stress, anxiety, and depression in seniors. The New England Journal of Medicine shared in a 2003 report that among leisure activities, dancing (as well as board games, reading, and playing musical instruments) was associated with reduced risk of dementia.

Possibly the most unique aspect to dancing as fitness is that it is often so fun and engaging, you don't even realize you're exercising. So what are you waiting for? Get up and hit the dance floor, if not for your health, today!



Healthcare has become so complex in the interplay between disciplines and departments in the same organization that managers for everything from the departmental level to work team have emerged. To meet their needs and that of patients, technology is evolving to make their jobs easier. Here are four ways technology is transforming healthcare management.

Distributed Workforces and Providers

Many patients have visited their primary care physician before being routed to a specialist and then sent on to a lab. Electronic medical health records reduce some of the hassle for patients by collecting these records in one system if someone is using one healthcare network, and sending the digital records to other healthcare providers if not. What has shifted is the utilization of distributed workforces and providers by healthcare networks themselves.

One of the first steps was the outsourcing of medical transcription via uploaded digital files through crowdsourcing platforms like Amazon Mturk. Electronic medical records let facilities send digital X-rays to experts somewhere else in the world.

Centralization of Healthcare Networks

One of the unintended results of Obamacare, the Affordable Care Act, was a massive increase in the amount of paperwork doctors had to fill out and the penalties for any type of mistake. The failure to control medical liability insurance, too, threatened many doctors’ ability to stay open. The solution was for private medical practices to close and the doctors became employees of a healthcare network.

This led some doctors to retire to play golf while others re-opened their offices as the local clinic of the medical network centered around the regional hospital. The hospital gained clinics with a local clientele, doctors were able to join organizations with efficiencies of scale for processing government paperwork, and their hospital admitting privileges were essentially unchanged. This shift has driven demand for medical managers deploying administrators and nurses to subsidiary clinics, whereas a small doctor’s office simply had a back-office manager.

Specialized Credentials

Electronic medical health records and their management is becoming a distinct discipline in IT, just as those who support Windows servers or Cisco hardware earn their own industry recognized credentials. Instead of promoting the senior nurse to manage the nursing staff, medical facilities are hiring people trained specifically in healthcare management. This doesn’t preclude healthcare personnel from moving into these jobs. It just means they need to earn an online masters in health administration from the University of Southern California or another online EMHA degree to be considered for the position.

IT in Healthcare

We’ve already touched on the impact of electronic medical records. IT is an increasingly important and complex issue in health care. Patients are recording their own vital data through monitoring devices. Customer relationship management software is being used to add a personalized touch to an increasingly bureaucratic and systemic process of receiving care. Electronic medical records integrate with email and online portals so that patients can see the notes from their latest visit and receive an email or text when their test results are available.


Healthcare has long relied on a distributed network of service providers; the shift is in healthcare providers utilizing distributed networks of service providers themselves. Healthcare networks are shifting from the distributed and independent network to centralized networks centered around hospitals. IT is an integral part of healthcare and its delivery to patients and the rise of specialized areas of expertise is driving the adoption of new credentials, as well as online education programs delivering them.


For seniors, the discussion of longevity and staying out of the hospital largely comes down to, how can I keep from falling?¯. Falling is the leading cause of fatal injury for seniors over 65, so it's critical to acknowledge common risk factors and easy environmental and physical upgrades which can help prevent falls. Risk factors include:


Want to fall-proof your home? Start by removing clutter and trip hazards. These can include everything from bulky pieces of furniture that go unused in common walkways, to cords and curled up corners of carpets that are easy to catch your foot on. The clearer your walkways and rooms are in the home environment, the easier it will be to maneuver around with ease.

What to do: Audit your living environment and ditch the large tables, chairs, chests, and other unused items that are simply taking up space. Move cords (from the computer, phone, etc) out of the way by taping or stapling against a wall, and make sure small objects like pets toys aren't scattered around the floor.

Balance & Coordination

As you age, your muscles, bones, and joints naturally experience wear and tear that weakens your overall strength, however, balance and coordination don't necessarily need to diminish as well. Managing a healthy weight and symptoms of chronic diseases which can impact activity levels (like heart disease and diabetes) is a must.

What to do: Flexibility exercises, like yoga, combined with regular fitness, like walking, hiking, golfing, or swimming, help strengthen balance and coordination skills which makes catching and correcting yourself before falling to the ground easier.

Vision Problems

Couple age-related weakness and balance issues with untreated vision loss and you have a recipe for disaster. Unevaluated eye problems can lead to loss of peripheral vision and depth perception which make walking and navigating stairways extremely difficult for an older adult.

What to do: Make sure you or your loved one get their eyes checked yearly so a medical doctor can evaluate vision, eye pressure, and potential issues like cataracts or vision loss that might affect your ability to get around safely.

Mobility Issues

Difficulty walking and standing may require the use of mobility aids like canes, walkers, and knee scooters. Struggling with mobility is difficult enough without having to worry about tripping or falling in your own home environment. Any challenge to staying active and moving around safely is a challenge to staying upright as well.

What to do: Find an accessible place to store mobility aids when they are not in use, and install helpful grab bars and railings around trickier environments like staircases and bathrooms. Consider investing in a ramp for getting in and out of the home as well.

Unequipped Bathrooms

The bathroom makes for one of the most hazardous fall-prone areas simply because of its smaller size and slippery surfaces. Getting in and out of the tub or shower may require extra strength and balance, especially when unassisted, not to mention standing and sitting on the toilet.

What to do: Use helpful tools and devices in the bath like non-slip tape and a shower chair. Install grab bars and railings around the bath and toilet area, and consider using a raised toilet seat with handles for supporting strong standing and sitting.


Poor lighting and drastically dim to bright lighting can negatively impact a senior's ability to move from room to room safely. Not only does dim lighting prevent you from seeing everything clearly in front of you, but moving from a dim room to an extremely brightly lit one (like the bathroom) requires more time for older eyes to adjust.

What to do: Light switches should be accessible on the outside and inside of doorways, and light bulbs should all be relatively the same strength from room to room. Easy to draw shades or drapes should also cover windows to help prevent glare and blinding sunlight from impacting the eyes.


Your skin is the first thing everyone notices, when they meet you for the first or hundredth time. If you have a skin disorder or imperfections, you probably suffer from low self-esteem. People with skin conditions often times feel that people are looking at their imperfections. This may be true, if the individual is not looking you directly in the eye. Lucky for you there is a solution to your problem and if you are diligent and patient, your skin health and appearance will improve in a very short period of time.

Give New Products Time To Work

People with skin conditions will spend hundreds of dollars on new skin care products. They will put these products to the test and if instant results are not received, they will write them off. It is important to note that some skin products take longer to work, especially if the condition is considered moderate to severe. Sure, a skin care product that guarantees smoothing wrinkles capabilities can effectively reduce fine lines in just a few days. However, if the wrinkles are deep, it may take weeks or months to see improvement.


When it comes to combating a dull, unhealthy appearance, the solution is exfoliation. Regular exfoliation can eliminate the layers of dead skin cells that will build up on the skin over time. During the exfoliation process, the active ingredients in the skin care product will slough off the dead cells, leaving your skin looking fresher and suppler.

Removing Unappealing Tattoos

Some young people are destined to get a tattoo, only to be disappointed in the results. The unappealing tattoo will haunt you for the rest of your life. Well, that is what you thought at least. Today, there are several types of treatments and procedures that work effecting to get rid of your unwanted tattoo. Laser therapy is the most effective treatment available to fade tattoo ink away in a very short period of time. However, the process will require several sessions, but the results are definitely worth the time, effort and money.

Controlling Stress Levels

Another thing to take into consideration is your current stress levels. Stress can take a toll on almost all aspects of your health, including your immune system and your skin. People that have higher levels of stress will wind up aging prematurely much more severely. Therefore, it is truly in your best interest to keep your stress levels to a minimum. Unfortunately, this is often easier said than done. Find a safe outlet for your stress. This can be running on a treadmill, painting or even taking a walk through the nearby park. Keep those stress levels low and your skin will remain youthful and radiant for as long as humanly possible.

Using The Right Water

There is a fine line between soft and hard water. Neither are good for your skin. Soft water isn’t capable of removing soap effectively. On the other hand, hard water can damage the skin and will not allow the soaps to lather. Therefore, you will need to make sure that your home’s water falls in the middle. It shouldn’t be too hard or too soft. There are specific products that can help to alter the water’s hardness level.

CBD is the abbreviation for cannabidiol, a compound that comes from the leaves and flowers of hemp or cannabis plants. However, unlike the pure form of the plant, CBD oil isn’t psycho-active and is safe to use.

This is because CBD oil is extremely rich in the CBD component; the ingredient that makes you feel calm. It contains almost no THC which means that when you’re using the oil, you don’t feel the ‘getting high’ effect.

When it comes to using CBD oils, the dietary supplement is legal in the UK is the products have been authorised. They must be used for medicinal purposes and can be prescribed by a medical professional to help with chronic pain.

Using CBD oil effectively

There are a number of ways that CBD oils can be used but some provide more benefits than others. Some of the most popular include:


Oil coming in the form of drops are one of the most versatile forms of CBD because they’re extremely easy to use. It also takes less time for the supplement to reach the bloodstream as it’s absorbed instantly.

CBD drops are also preferred by users who are looking for an easy way to control their dosage as you can use a certain number of drops each time. This method is a fantastic way for new users of to experiment with their dosage as the number of drops can be gradually increased until they find a level that provides them with certain CBD oil benefits.

CBD tincture

You’re also able to use CBD tinctures to get the compound absorbed by your body. This form of the compound has ingredients that have been organically extracted from the plant and provide a completely natural herbal treatment for several health issues, including anxiety and chronic pain.

These tinctures are rich in CBD hemp oil, meaning that it provides you with the benefits of CBD without experiencing negative side effects. You can take the tincture in the same manner as the sub-lingual drops.

Oral digestion

Because CBD can be made as a dietary supplement, you’re able to orally digest the oil in anything that you consume; including food and drinks.

Orally taking CBD oil usually has a higher dosage than when you vape the oil so it may not be the best option for beginners, but the effects of the oil last much longer and depend on your metabolism.

Topical use

If you’re suffering with a skin disorder or inflammation of a certain part of the body, you’re able to use CBD in the form of balms, oils or creams. These can then be rubbed directly onto the area to provide immediate pain relief.

Using CBD oil is becoming increasingly popular, and for good reason. Along with helping to reduce daytime pain, some users of the supplement have found that CBD oil helps them to become more productive and focussed.

The ingenuity and design of standing wheelchairs is revamping the way people with disabilities view their outlook on life. Engineered to make the world more accessible, standing wheelchairs are helping people go back to work, socialize more with friends, pick up hobbies they never thought were possible, and realize a confidence that had long since been lost.


Check out 5 more surprising ways standing wheelchairs can enhance your life:


Boosts Brain Health: Did you know that practicing fine motor skills, exercising, and even having regular conversations with others boosts your brain health? Brain stimulation which helps create new neural pathways strengthens and revitalizes cognitive function, helping combat dementia and Alzheimer's later in life too. As standing wheelchairs ease the effort of completing tasks and getting out to spend time with others, they also help prevent respiratory and urinary tract infections, which can cause temporary cognitive impairment like confusion and disorientation.


Reduces Stress: The frustration, anxiety, and even depression which can accompany mobility problems and being wheelchair-limited can be alleviated in part by standing wheelchairs that make day to day living easier. Chronic stress can cause an overproduction of the hormone, cortisol, in the body which results in weight gain, suppression of the immune system, trouble sleeping, back pain, headaches, and high blood pressure. Relieving stress by boosting self-reliance, confidence, and independence with a standing wheelchair can have fight all those things and improve overall health.


Prevents Infection: Risk of infection can be high for a sedentary person who is limited to a wheelchair, bed, or recliner for large parts of the day. Pressure ulcers, respiratory infections, urinary tract infections – the bacteria which causes these thrives in warm, moist places where it can sit and grow, leading to worsened health and even hospitalization. Standing wheelchairs promote an upright position of motion, helping people take larger deeper breaths to clear their lungs and getting them off of fixed sitting positions that puts added pressure on weakened tissue.


Fights Fatigue: This benefit almost seems antithetical – shouldn't lying or sitting down prevent you from chronically feeling tired? Wrong. A lack of movement reduces overall blood circulation which powers cognitive orientation, it leads to atrophy of muscles from non-use, and can also reduce bone density and breathing capacity which help people feel strong and alert. Standing wheelchairs are believed to boost bone density as people are required to stand on their legs for longer amounts of time, it increases muscle use and helps make them stronger, and the boost in blood circulation also loosens stiff joints and relieves painful inflammation that can lead to tiredness.


Relieves Pain: The discomfort, aches, soreness, and pain that goes hand in hand with not just the disease or injury which results in disability, but the sitting position of a wheelchair, can enhance feelings of stress and depression. When a person finds themselves upright using their standing wheelchair, they move around and use their arms and hands more resulting in substantial pain relief. Stress that caused muscle tenseness in the shoulders and neck can melt away, inflamed lower back muscles are soothed and relaxed with a boost in blood flow, painful pressure on sensitive tissue and skin is alleviated, and even joint contracture and stiffness from limited movement is improved.


Want to enhance your standing wheelchair's benefits even more? Find unique wheelchair accessories like attachable bags, bottle holders, or utility lighting that make executing day to day tasks, working, and have fun even easier. For many struggling with impaired mobility, standing wheelchairs pave a bright road ahead for not only a happier you, but a healthier you too.

An estimated one out of three Americans reports experiencing knee pain regularly according to the American Osteopathic Association. That's no surprise considering knee replacement surgeries have grown in demand exponentially over the past few decades – in fact, the number of people requesting a total knee replacement surgery is expected to exceed 3 million by the year 2030 according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.


What's happening to cause this drastic rise in need for invasive knee treatments and therapies? Experts associate this trend with climbing rates of obesity, as well as generally longer life spans and older adults staying in the workforce longer than they used to.


It turns out that much knee pain is actually preventable though by avoiding these common mistakes and lifestyle habits:


Lack of flexibility and strength: Weakened and stiff muscles, tendons, and ligaments in and around the joint of the knee can pose an increased threat of injury with overuse, athletic activity, or impact. Why? A huge amount of stress is placed on the knee joints, even with simple movements like walking and standing.

The connective tissues around the knee need to be able to properly stabilize and support fluid movement of the joint, and when they are not limber and pliable but tight and constrained, it is harder for them to absorb the shock of your movements. They are more likely to strain, tear, or do a poor job of stabilizing connected bones and tendons.


Poor form and technique: Drastically increasing your running mileage in a short period of time? Tend to overpronate when walking? Poor form and technique with walking and running can place added stress and strain on everything from the foot and ankle, to the lower leg, knee, thigh and hips.


Spending significant time walking on a slope can cause the IT band that runs along your thigh from the hip to your knee to tighten and rub against the femur, thus leading to knee pain. Bad posture overtime can cause pelvic tilt, a hip imbalance that affects the way you sit, stand, and walk, leading to knee and leg pain as well. These are just a couple examples of how basic body positioning, posture, and form can significantly impact knee health.


Being overweight. Not only does putting on additional pounds increase your risk for diabetes, heart disease, and other chronic illnesses, but it can negatively affect your knee strength and performance. Added pounds exacerbate the stress placed on internal pressure points in and around the knee, leading to greater wear and tear every time they absorb the shock of your walking and physical activity.


Being overweight and obese also makes it more difficult to stay active and maintain a balanced diet. Inactivity and spending large amounts of time in sedentary environments, i.e. watching TV, on the computer, etc., makes joints and muscles, especially the knees, more susceptible to injury and strain, and can magnify bad posture habits.


High impact sports: While staying active through athletics is important to overall physical and mental health, there are some sports which are simply worse on the knees than others. Think about the constant bending and straightening of the knee that alpine skiing requires, for example, or the constant shock of jumping and landing when playing basketball.


An epidemiology report spanning 5 years that looked at rates of knee injuries among high school athletes found that on average, football players sustained the most knee injuries while girls in comparable sports, including soccer, actually experienced the highest rate of knee injuries. Over 20% of knee injuries, most commonly ACL and MCL tears, were treated with surgery. Experts acknowledge too that previous injury to the knee can also make those connective tendons and ligaments more vulnerable to future damage.


Not addressing knee pain: Some knee pain can be caused by a serious medical condition which requires treatment like bursitis of the knee, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, tumors, cysts, and gout. Even for those conditions, both noninvasive and invasive treatments are available, but only if you seek medical treatment.


How do you know if your knee pain isn't normal? If you are prevented from bearing weight on your knee, if you notice a growth, swelling, or deformity, if you hear a popping or crunching sound when bending and flexing, or if you have any mobility limitations at all due to knee weakness or discomfort, schedule an appointment with your healthcare provider today!

The boom of the technology industry has changed the world in many ways, and one of the most important changes is that you are connected to endless sources of information quite literally in your hand. This opens the door to hypochondriac hysteria where you get a few nights of bad sleep and suddenly you have restless leg syndrome or an exotic form of cancer. It also connects you to helpful guides that can help determine if you should speak with a professional about some symptoms you are experiencing. Let this guide serve as the latter so you can determine if you should speak with a professional about being fitted for a ResMed mask to alleviate the symptoms of sleep apnea.

Loud Snoring

Loud snoring is a common symptom of sleep apnea. This is considered as snoring loudly enough to interrupt the sleep of others, or wake yourself up. As a rule of thumb, if you are waking yourself up from loud snoring you should speak with a professional. However, just because someone snores loudly does not solely mean that you have sleep apnea.

Breathing Cessation

Breathing cessation is when you intermittently stop breathing while you are asleep. This is often noticed by a partner and it is incredibly worrisome. It will sound like you took a deep breath and then hold that breath in for several seconds before exhaling.

Abruptly Waking from Shortness of Breath

This symptom is specifically worrisome for asthmatics who can wake up to an attack in complete confusion. This typically happens after long periods of sleep cessation when your body is depleted from oxygen. This is one of the four symptoms that require you to see a medical professional.

Sore Throat

People with sleep apnea tend to sleep with their mouth completely open as they struggle for oxygen. This leads to a dry mouth and your constant snoring will give you a sore throat after several hours of choking. If you wake up several times a month with an excessively dry mouth and a sore throat you should speak with a professional.


Sleep apnea creates a shortage of oxygen in your bloodstream and as a result your brain is getting less oxygen. This will lead to headaches in the morning as your brain is sending signals that something is wrong. Waking up to headaches is a sign your sleep apnea is worsening as this is not common is people with mild forms of this sleep disorder.

Excessive Fatigue

Most people feel tired throughout the day. However, people with sleep apnea will fall asleep at random times throughout the day even while they are working or driving. Excessive fatigue is common in many serious diseases and disorders, so you should seek medical help regardless of other symptoms of sleep apnea.


All these symptoms will lead to a cranky person. One of the many diagnostic criteria for disorders is that it is interrupting your daily life. Irritability factors as an interruption of your daily life and you should do everything you can to locate the source of your irritable behavior.

According to data from the National Institute of Drug Abuse, next to alcohol and marijuana, people who are 14 years of age and older abuse prescription and over-the-counter drugs more than any other substances. Many people abuse hem by taking higher quantities and higher doses than prescribed. Due to the mild-altering effects of some of these drugs, drug abuse and addiction is on the rise.

In the United States, the most commonly abused medications are:

* Opioids “ commonly prescribed for pain relief
* Depressants “ tranquilizers and sedatives, commonly prescribed for sleep disorders and anxiety
* Stimulants “ commonly prescribed for narcolepsy and ADHD, an attention-deficit disorder

Drug abuse leads to addiction which has serious health and lifestyle consequences. Over the last 10 years, drug abuse has increased significantly. Overdoses have put hundreds of thousands of people in the hospital and increased fatalities by as much as 10 percent. Overdose deaths due to opioid pain relievers outnumber deaths by cocaine and heroin by a wide margin. It doesn’t take an idiots-guide-staying-sober-happy to realize that drug addiction is a growing concern across the country. It is affecting the lives of kids as young as eight, teenagers, young adults, and older adults in their fifties and sixties. Drug abuse and addiction doesn’t discriminate by age, race or color. It’s an equal opportunity offender.

Opioid Drugs

Opioids act on nerve cells in the brain and body to relieve pain. Opioid drugs include heroin, hydrocodone and oxycodone, codeine, Vicodin, morphine, and fentanyl, a synthetic opioid that’s very powerful. When taken as prescribed by a physician for short periods of time, opioid pain relievers are typically safe. However, even when taken as prescribed opioids are powerful drugs that have potential risks of dependence, addiction and overdose. If opioid use is abused, the consequences are often overdose and death.

Cough and Cold Medicines

Some over-the-counter cough and cold medicines contain ingredients that have mild-altering effects when taken in higher doses than recommended on the label. Although the thought of getting high on a cold medicine may seem ridiculous, it happens quite frequently. A cough suppressant called Dextromethorphan is found in a variety of over-the-counter cough and cold medicines. When taken in large quantities, it can produce euphoria and hallucinations. Since over-the-counter medicines are inexpensive and easy to get, teenagers are primary abusers of these types of drugs. Within the teenage circle, getting high on cough and cold medicines is known as skittling or robo-tripping.

Treatment for Drug Abuse and Addiction

In the beginning, taking drugs is a choice, but drug use over time takes away that choice and becomes addiction. Addiction is a disease that impacts brain function and behavior. It has a powerful impact on parts of the brain that control learning, memory, motivation, and behavior. With long-term drug use, a person will need professional help to fight drug addiction. Medications are often an important part of treatment, as well as counseling and behavioral therapy. Proper treatment for drug abuse and addiction will likely also include detoxification and long-term followup to make sure the drug user doesn’t relapse. Followup care often includes medical and mental health services, as well as clinical or community-based therapy sessions.

Since drug treatment programs and detox centers can be rather expensive, most people ask does insurance cover substance abuse detox? Since drug abuse and addiction are considered to be a medical illness, many insurance companies cover the costs of drug rehab and detox programs. Depending on the location, the type of treatment needed, and the length of the treatment program, costs can vary significantly from one center to another. Outpatient treatment centers are always cheaper than inpatient centers. Outpatient programs are less intensive. You only attend treatment during the day, so you’re allowed to sleep at home or in a sober living facility if needed. It’s best to find the appropriate treatment center and location before discussing the costs with your health provider, so you can discuss specific treatments that you will need.

If you or a loved one is struggling with drug abuse and addiction, it’s important to get professional help. There are wonderful treatment centers around the country who can help you get clean and sober and kick your addiction. You can’t fight drug addiction alone, so take the first step to recovery through treatment and change your life and the lives of everyone who cares about you. It won’t be the easiest thing you ever did, but it will be one of the best.

With all the information that's so easily available, we have more tools than ever to assess our overall fitness and wellness levels. However, the data is often hard to filter, in terms of importance. Moreover, many people cannot distinguish between a good¯ number and a bad¯ number.


A working knowledge of where you belong on the fitness continuum is good not only for doctor's visits, but also for deciding whether to participate in a workplace wellness program and other everyday events.


Blood Pressure

Over time, hypertension damages the arteries, leading to a greatly increased risk of fatal heart disease:


  • Restricted Blood Flow: Excess blood also means excess fats, which build up along arterial walls and all but eliminate the natural elasticity in blood vessels.

  • Aneurysm: In other instances, the excess blood collects and builds up inside the artery. If the aneurysm ruptures, and it almost inevitably will, that event can cause uncontrolled internal bleeding.


The restricted blood flow can also lead to strokes, dementia, and other brain damage. Additionally, hypertension often causes eye problems, like retinopathy (eye blood vessel damage), and kidney failure.


In blood pressure readings, the top number is the systolic pressure, or the amount of stress on the arteries when the heart beats, and the bottom number is the diastolic  pressure when the heart is at rest. Typically, the systolic pressure is the more important metric in terms of prehypertension. Anything less than 120/80 is usually considered normal, and anything higher than 140/90 is high blood pressure. Understanding normal blood pressure range by age, gender, and activity level will put you on the right path to preventing hypertension.


In the 1980s, baseball writer Bill James was among the first people to suggest that some metrics normally used to track player performance, such as a pitcher's win-loss record, only told part of the story. The plethora of measurements now available, such as dERA, ERA+, QS, and PERA, just to name a few, offer more information but are very confusing to the average fan.


Body Mass Index is somewhat the same. Since weight alone is an often incomplete assessment of health, BMI factors in both weight and height. 20-25 is a normal¯ weight, and that normally means no excess fat whatsoever. 26 to 29 is a few pounds overweight, and over 30 is at-risk for diabetes and other obesity-related health conditions.


BMI is often rather deceptive, because short people and tall people nearly always register as overweight.¯ Furthermore, BMI, like body weight, does not distinguish between muscle and fat. So, while BMI is a good indicator of a healthy weight, it should not be the final word.



Essentially, both cholesterol and triglycerides are fat cells that can, over time, constrict arteries and even block them altogether.


Blood cholesterol levels under 200 mg/dL are normal, 200 to 239 is usually borderline high, and anything above 240 is high. Triglycerides should be below 150; 150 to 199 is borderline high and 200 is high. However, these high-level numbers only tell part of the story.


Triglycerides and cholesterol are both very nuanced, as they are really umbrella terms for a wide variety of chemicals. Not all of these chemicals are necessarily unhealthy. So, if your doctor says your cholesterol or triglycerides are high, you'll probably need more information to prepare a recovery plan that's right for you.


It's important to know your numbers, but it's also important to understand them and to ask questions when you need more information.