When you fail to get pregnant after regular intercourse for about a year without using any birth control measures, it may be due to infertility. Luckily, women in Arlington, VA, with difficulties in conceiving can consult the specialists at Ballston, OBGYN, to help them work out their troubles.
At Capital Women’s Care Division 67, a team of three OBGYNs offers services like pregnancy care needs, contraceptive counseling, pre-pregnancy counseling, diagnosis, and treatment of infertility.
Here are essential facts you should know about infertility in women.
What are the Causes of Female Infertility
Several factors can cause infertility in women. When your fallopian tubes are damaged, the sperms can fail to reach the egg to fertilize it. The fallopian tube can develop problems after you suffer pelvic infection, or after pelvic surgery. With a damaged oviduct, fertilized eggs can fail to reach the womb, where the baby is supposed to develop.
When the cervix develops complications, it prevents the sperms from passing the cervical canal to the oviduct. Other factors that increase your inability to conceive include too much athletic training, poor diet, excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking, diabetes, poor diet, and reaching menopause.
The Signs and Symptoms of Infertility
Some different signs and symptoms show potential infertility. When these signs occur, a majority of couples opt for over the counter or traditional medication procedures, but it’s not always the best route to follow. You should contact your healthcare provider as soon as you notice symptoms like:
- Experiencing pain and discomfort during intercourse
- Abdominal bleeding
- Feeling itchy or soreness in the vaginal area
- Experiencing abdominal pains
- Menstrual cycles are shorter than twenty-one days or longer than thirty-five days or completely absence.
Diagnosis of Female Infertility
Female infertility can be diagnosed by your doctor using fertility tests like;
- Imaging tests- These tests help to detect disease development in the fallopian tubes and uterus. There are different imaging tests, including laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, and genetic testing. Depending on your signs and symptoms, the doctor can choose the appropriate imaging test for you.
- Ovulation test- This can be done at home using an ovulation prediction kit. The kit helps to detect the presence of luteinizing hormone, which is produced before the actual ovulation. Blood tests looking for the hormone progesterone, which is produced after ovulation, can be used to determine whether you are still ovulating or not. You can also check for the levels of the hormone prolactin, which have significant effects on ovulation and other reproductive processes.
- Ovarian reverse testing- After the doctor completes this test, they will tell you about the quality and the quantity of the eggs available for ovulation. Women age 30 years and above are the most vulnerable to the risk of egg depletion.
- Hormone test- Hormone tests can be used to check the levels of the ovulatory, pituitary, and thyroid hormones. These hormones help in controlling all the reproductive processes.
Treatment Options for Women Infertility
Depending on the diagnosed cause of your infertility, you may require only one or two therapies that will help improve your fertility. For women with more complicated conditions, a combination of these therapies and other treatments can help. The different types of treatments include:
- Intrauterine insemination treatment procedure, which involves placing healthy sperms in the uterus when the ovary is releasing eggs for fertilization
- Use of fertility drugs to stimulate ovulation
- Fertility restoration surgery