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Knee Injuries; Causes Symptoms Treatment Prevention

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Knee Injury

The most hated feeling in the world is that of being disabled. Knee injuries are such problems that mimic that condition and make us feel no better about our lives.

Conditions that cause knee pain

Tendonitis

Also called a jumper’s knee at times, it is the swelling of the tendons due to overuse of the knee joint.

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Bone chips

Sometimes fragments from the bone or cartilage break off UE to injury and these pieces can get stuck in the joint. They cause it to freeze up. You may also have pain and swelling.

Housemaid’s knee or bursitis

It is caused by kneeling for long periods of time or repetitive knee movements. Fluid builds up in the bursa and causes swelling behind the knee. It is called a ‘Baker’s cyst’ and may be caused by injuries or arthritis.

Bleeding in the knee joint

Also called Haemarthrosis, it affects the blood vessels around the knee ligaments causing warmth, stiffness, bruises and swelling. This may require hospital treatment in serious cases.

Partially dislocated kneecap (or patellar sub luxation)

This is a condition when the kneecap slides out of position and causes pain and swelling. The questions you need to ask yourself to look out for symptoms of knee injuries:

 

Q) Do you suspect a broken knee or that you pulled your kneecap out of place?

 

 

Q) Do you have any knee pain or tenderness?

Q) Has your knee, lower leg, or foot turned pale, white, blue, or cold to the touch?

Q) Do you have numbness or tingling in your knee or lower body parts?

Q) Does your knee gives out or buckles, or feels unstable after an injury?

Q) Do you have swelling in your knee?

Q) Do you feel or hear a snap, pop, tick or grinding in your knee?

Q) Do you have knee weakness, stiffness, decreased movement, or locking?

Q)Do you think you have inflammation or infection in your knee?

Don’t be afraid if the answers are yes. Here are some techniques to relieve you of the problem and guide you with preventive measure as well.

 

Resting the knee is the best thing you could do for getting better. Recovery of the Dan GED or dressed muscles is very important for healing. Icing the area is another option that is very effective in knee injuries. Compressing the knee with a wrap or elastic sleeve avoids unnecessary movements and prevents the joint from further damage.

For pain and pain only, you may rely on over-the-counter pain medications. They help relieve the pain and reduce swelling.

 

 

When to Call a Doctor

 

Make an appointment with a physician if you need to and if you still have pain after two weeks of home treatment. If the knee becomes warm, or if you have fever along with a painful, swollen knee then medical treatments such as anti-inflammatory drugs, draining fluid, physical therapy, crutches or braces, or surgery may be used. So you “kneed” to be a super hero? Maintain your weight and decrease your chances of developing osteoarthritis. Appropriate weight for your size and age will decrease stress on your knees and avoid increased chances for knee injuries.Kick the pain with sensible shoes that have a good fit. It will help you to maintain proper leg alignment and balance, ultimately preventing knee injuries. Warm up thoroughly before starting any exercise, and then do stretches. Stretching muscles in the front and back of your thighs, decreases tension on your tendons, ultimately relieving pressure on knees joints. Weight training to strengthen your leg muscles is the best idea to better support your knees and avoid injuries. Don’t decrease your activity. A reduction in activity will lead to weakness thus raising your chances of knee injuries. Consider physical therapy a boon for your knees. Visit a physical therapist for an appropriately designed fitness regime.

 

References

http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/23/6/694.short

http://ajs.sagepub.com/content/27/6/699.short