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Things you need to know about asthma

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Asthma is a chronic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. The problem constricts the airways and prevents air from reaching the lungs. It can cause uncomfortable and dangerous symptoms.

The airways carry air into and out of the lungs. Asthma prevents this normal functioning.

Asthma triggers

People with asthma often develop sensitivities to different things around them. These things can trigger asthma symptoms or attacks.

When an asthma attack happens, the muscles around the airways contract and that reduces the ability to breathe properly. When that happens, symptoms like coughing and wheezing accompany it.

The triggers that cause asthma may vary from person to person. Some of the most common asthma triggers include-

  • Tobacco smoke
  • Respiratory infections
  • Exercise
  • A change in weather
  • Allergens (pollen, pets, mold, etc.)
  • Intense crying or laughing
  •  Medications
  •  Irritants (cleaning products, pollution, perfumes, etc.)

Why does it occur?

Some people experience asthma flareups in certain places. They may experience asthma in the gym, at work and. In cold weather, exercise-induced asthma may happen more frequently. Occupational asthmatics are sensitive to chemical smells, caste, or gas. People who suffer from allergy-induced asthma are sensitive to airborne substances like mold spores, pet dander, and pollen.

Asthma symptoms

There are several symptoms that help to know an asthma attack. Such signs and symptoms of asthma include chest pain, wheezing when exhaling, shortness of breath, coughing attacks, and trouble sleeping because of symptoms.

Sometimes such symptoms may become more frequent or bothersome. Some patients may find it difficult to breathe and sometimes some of them may need to use the quick-relief inhaler more often. It means that your asthma is getting worse and you need immediate medical intervention.

Asthma can be life-threatening. That is why you need to seek emergency medical treatment if you find the symptoms are worsening. If you find that the patient is still suffering from shortness of breath and it is worsening, there is no improvement after using the inhaler or there is the experience of shortness of breath during minimal physical activity, then medical help may be necessary.

Diagnosis and treatment

You will need to go to a professionally certified healthcare professional for the diagnosis of asthma. The healthcare provider will review different symptoms, family history, medical history, and other details before performing a physical exam.

During the exam, the healthcare professional will listen to your heart and lungs. The doctor may order breathing, blood and allergy tests, and chest x-rays.

The results of the physical examination, tests done and other details will help the healthcare professional to find out if you have asthma or not. If some other conditions are contributing to your present symptoms, the healthcare professional will also be able to point them out.

To control asthma, you will need to avoid the triggers. For that, you need to know what are the triggers that cause asthma attacks in your case. If you're suffering from asthma, you need to work with your healthcare provider to find the best treatment regimen.

The doctor may prescribe long-term asthma control medications which you may need to take every day to control symptoms and prevent attacks. You will also find some quick relief medications for the short-term relief of symptoms. The doctor may also prescribe some medicines to reduce the body's sensitivity to allergy triggers.