What is it?
High blood pressure or hypertension is a situation where your blood pressure increases to unhealthy levels. The blood pressure is measured by taking into account how much blood is passing through your blood vessels and the resistance it is facing when the heart is pumping. If somehow your arteries become narrow, it can be very difficult for your heart to pump the blood to different parts of the body. The narrower your arteries are, the higher your blood pressure will be. If you have this increase blood pressure for a long duration, it can result in health issues like heart diseases.
Hypertension is quite common nowadays. This problem can really develops over the course of several years. For quite some time you may not notice any symptoms. Even though there may not be any symptoms, even then it can damage different vessels and organs of your body. It mostly attacks the brain, heart, eyes and kidneys.
Early detection of the problem is very crucial to cause for quite some time it may not show any symptoms at all. If you regularly keep blood-pressure readings, it may help you and the doctor to see any changes. It is important to see whether the number stays elevated or falls back to normal levels after some time.
Symptoms of hypertension or high BP
As mentioned earlier, hypertension is a silent condition. Most of the people who suffer from this problem may not experience any symptoms at all. It takes years and sometimes even decades to reach the level where you can see the symptoms.
Some of the most common high blood pressure symptoms include-
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- visual changes
- blood in the urine
When you see these symptoms, they need immediate medical attention. It is not necessary that all these symptoms will be seen in one patient. You cannot wait for the symptoms to appear because that can be fatal for you if you do not do anything and just keep waiting for the symptoms to show up. The symptoms may or may not appear for a long duration and when they appear, it may be too late for to do anything at all.
The best way to detect this problem early will be to get your blood pressure checked regularly and keep the readings. You can easily get the blood-pressure reading done at a pharmacy, hospital or doctor's gender.
If you go for a yearly health checkup, it is important to talk to your doctor about the possibility of hypertension in your case. Your doctor may be able to advise you better by checking your blood pressure readings and any previous family history. If you have a family history of heart disease, the risk of developing this condition may increase in your case. In that condition, your doctor may ask you to check your blood pressure at regular intervals to find out any anomaly. Then it becomes easier for you and your doctor to handle any possible issues before it becomes problematic.