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Types of gum disease

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You may suffer from different types of gum diseases. Let's find out what are the most common gum diseases seen.


It is a mild form of periodontal disease. The symptoms of this problem are red, swollen and bleeding gums. At this stage, you may not experience any discomfort for. The main cause of gingivitis is in adequate oral hygiene.

If you start taking good oral homecare and go to a dentist, you can reverse gingivitis.

There are several factors that can result in gingivitis problem which include smoking, diabetes ageing, systemic diseases, genetic predisposition, a decade nutrition, stress, hormonal fluctuations, puberty, pregnancy, HIV infection, substance abuse and use of some medicines.


If you do not create gingivitis at the right time, it can result in periodontitis. In this problem, plaque can grow below the gum line and then spread to other areas. There are bacteria present in plaque and they produce toxins which can cause irritation of your gums. The toxin can be very dangerous for you because it can force your body to turn on itself which will result in the teeth supporting tissues and bones being broken down and destroyed.

In this condition, your gums may get separated from the teeth and as a result of that some pockets between the teeth and gums may appear. If that happens that area will be infected. Which progression of the condition, the pocket that will increase and more and more gum tissues and bones will be destroyed. It may be difficult to notice that because the symptoms are mild. If it continues any longer, keeps will become lose and you will have to remove them.

Periodontitis is a dangerous problem. It has several forms and you may suffer from any or all of these.

Some of the common forms of periodontitis

Aggressive periodontitis

If you clinically healthy when you are suffering from periodontitis, this particular form of the problem may occur. Some of the common features of this problem are rapid attachment loss and bone destruction.

Chronic periodontitis

In this condition, inflammation will, in the supporting tissues of your teeth. Other symptoms include progressive attachment and bone loss. This is the most common form of periodontitis. In this type, pocket formation is very frequent. Dentists also see recession of the gingiva. It is more common in case of adults however, it may appear at any age.

The progression of attachment loss is generally seen at a slower rate but sometimes rapid progression of attachment loss may also be seen in some patients. Since it is the most common form of periodontitis, and the most dangerous, you should be very careful about it and even before it starts, it is always better to go see a dentist.

Periodontitis as a result of systemic diseases

This type of periodontitis can be seen at the young stage. There are several systemic medical problems or diseases which can result in periodontitis. Such conditions include heart disease, diabetes and respiratory diseases. They can result in periodontitis and show the common symptoms of this dental problems.

Necrotising periodontal disease

Necrosis of gingival tissues is seen in this case of periodontal problem. Other symptoms include periodontal ligament and alveolar bone necrosis. There are some lesions form in the gums in people who suffer from this periodontal problem. It is a condition which is more common in case of people suffering from systemic problems like HIV infection, immunosuppression and malnutrition.

Overall, all these gum diseases can result in loss of gum, bones and tissues and can result in lose teeth. It is very important for you to focus on better oral healthcare and regular dental check-up to avoid such problems.


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