Maintaining your blood sugar is very important because if you do not control your blood sugar then several complications may arise. These complications may hamper your normal life and cause different medical problems.
If high blood sugar is present in your blood and it is not absorbed into the cell, then it will damage nerves and blood vessels in the body. Finally, it will damage major organs like the kidneys and heart. Diabetes, resulting from uncontrolled blood sugar can affect any part of the body.
Diabetic neuropathy or nerve damage
People who suffer from diabetes or uncontrolled blood sugar, often suffer from mild to severe nerve damage. The first symptoms of diabetes attack are numbness, tingling or pain in arts of the body. Those symptoms occur when the nerves in the specific region of the body are affected. Neuropathy resulting from diabetes can damage different parts of the body, including bladder, legs, gastrointestinal tract.
Scientists believe that the extra sugar in the blood reacts negatively with an enzyme present in the cells which surround nerves. Such a reaction causes nerve damages. Due to the reduced flow of blood to nerves because of damaged blood vessels finally result in neuropathy.
Doctors experience three types of neuropathy- autonomic, sensory and motor neuropathy. Sensory neuropathy affects our perception of temperature, pain and texture. Autonomic neuropathy on the other hand damages the nerves which help in different involuntary actions of the body, including emptying of intestine, stomach and bladder. As the name suggests, motor neuropathy damages the nerves necessary for movement.
Diabetic retinopathy or eye disease
People lose their eyesight from diabetes. The loss of sight happens because diabetes cause damage to the small blood vessels present in the retina. People who suffer from diabetes are also high risk people who are likely to develop cataracts and glaucoma. In both the cases, problems with the vision happens and your daily life can be hampered badly.
In diabetic retinopathy, weakening of the blood vessels present in the retina happens which may lead to leaking of fluid onto the macula (the area of the eye necessary for precise vision). If it happens, blurring of vision will occur. With the progression of the problem, new fragile blood vessels may grow along the retina and may leak blood resulting in a rage, retinal damage and scanning. It may even result in blindness.
Diabetic nephropathy or kidney disease
Thousands of people suffer from kidney failure that happens due to diabetes. The kidney's sensitive filtering system may be damaged due to diabetes and in that case, waste products from the blood will not be removed by the kidneys. The kidneys gradually will lose their ability to properly complete the vital and important function and in that case, patients may need to depend on dialysis and even kidney transplantation.
Ketoacidosis is generally seen in the case of people suffering from type 1 diabetes. It happens due to lack of insulin. When there is no insulin, the human body, for energy, breaks down fat in place of metabolizing sugar. In this process ketones are produced which are dangerous. They make the blood more acidic and may lead to a life-threatening condition.
Heart and blood vessel disease
It's a long-term complication of uncontrolled blood sugar. In case of high sugar levels in the blood, the walls of the blood vessels may get thicker and may make it difficult for blood to pass through. Diabetes also increases fat levels in blood, which may clog and narrow down the arteries. Such a condition may result in angina, stroke, heart attack, pain etc.
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