Cancer. A diagnosis that turns your world upside down, without any warning. This diagnosis is emitted very often recently, due to unhealthy lifestyle changes, pollution and stress. Regardless of location or staging, there are over 100 types of cancer. If the cancer is diagnosed early, the chances of a currative treatment are higher.
What should be done? We should pay more attention to what the body is trying to convey, screening methods and adopt a healthy lifestyle. We also must be very careful to risk factors such as irregular meals, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, prolonged exposure to sunlight, genetic factors and so on.
In addition, we must observe and investigate any warning signs.
1. Persistent Cough
2. Persistent Dysphagia
Persistent dysphagia, or difficulty during swallowing may indicate an esophagitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease or esophageal cancer.
3. Changes In Bowel Movement
Changes in bowel movement could be the result of changes in dietary habits or the result of an inadequate fluid intake. Constipation alternating with diarrhea or loose stool, like a pencil, can announce a colon cancer.
Bloating is a fairly common symptom, especially in sedentary people, those with irregular meals or with biliary disorders. Bloating can announce an ovarian cancer, if is accompanied by pain localized in the pelvic region or in the lower abdominal region, with early satiety or urination disorders.
5. Bloody Stool
Blood in stool may represent a result of hemorrhoidal disease or anal fissures, but may also appear in colon cancer and the most appropriate paraclinical investigation is colonoscopy.
7. Losing weight
Losing weight which can not be explained, especially if weight loss is more than 5 kg in a month, could be a sign of cancer.
8. Breast swelling
Any swelling of the breasts or galactorrhea should be investigated mandatory, even if it is the case of breast fibroadenoma or breast cysts. Mammography and breast ultrasound are investigations of choice, in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
9. Testicular swelling
Approximately 90% of men who have testicular cancer notice a non-painful swelling of the testicles. Any testicular swelling should be investigated even though it may be due an infection or varicocele.
10. Urinary Problems
Urinary disorders manifested by frequent urination and small amounts of urine, or interrupted jet can announce for women, urinary infections, rarely bladder cancer or in men prostate adenoma, or prostate cancer. A digital rectal exam is mandatory and a blood test called PSA.
12.Limph Nodes Enlargement
Prominent and persistent lymph nodes may occur as a result of an infection but if they remain swollen for weeks and do not return to normal, the problem should be investigated to exclude lymphatic cancer.
13. Mole Changes
Any change in color, shape or volume of moles should be investigated by your dermatologist. Early diagnosis of skin cancer, influences the prognosis of this disease.
14. Wounds that do not heal
Unhealing wounds occur more often in diabetics, but they also represent a warning sing if they appear on the gums, tongue and tonsils
Headaches can have many causes including aneurysms and rarely, tumors.
16. Vaginal bleeding and discharge
Vaginal bleeding outside normal menstruation, may announce additional to uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts or complicated vaginal infections and uterine cancer. Especially if it occurs between periods, after intercourse or postmenopausal it should be investigated by your gynecologist.