Many people feel low but you do not know what is causing that. Many people experience this without even realizing it. If you suffer from hypoglycemia, then also you may feel low. If you do not recognize the symptoms of hypoglycemia, it can be dangerous for you. Why? Untreated mild-to-moderate hypoglycemia can cause unconsciousness, diabetes, and sometimes death as well.
However, you can prevent hypoglycemia and you can manage it as well. There are a few simple steps that will help you keep your blood sugar levels under control.
What is hypoglycemia?
Normal blood sugar levels are easily over 70 mg/dL. Even when you fast, the blood sugar levels do not drop below this. If your blood sugar levels drop below the normal range, you will be considered hypoglycaemic. It can result from skipping meals, leaving too much time between meals, not eating enough, diarrhea, vomiting, vigorous exercise, drinking too much alcohol, incorrect medicines, and other reasons. Hypoglycemia can occur but it is most common and night and early morning.
Signs and symptoms
Symptoms of hypoglycemia include
- increased heart rate
You can easily come from hypoglycemia by checking your blood sugar.
Without treatment, you might get some serious symptoms, including-
- Poor coordination
- Poor concentration
- passing out
Diet and hypoglycemia
You may get lower blood sugar if you take too much insulin. If you are taking more insulin, but the amount of carbohydrate you eat or drink is less, then also you may have low levels of blood sugar.
Sometimes it can happen
- After you eat a meal that has a lot of simple sugars
- If you miss a snack or if you do not eat a full meal
- If you eat later than usual
- If you drink alcohol eating no food
Treating mild-to-moderate hypoglycemia
A very simple way to treat hypoglycemia is to restore your blood sugar levels. You can do that by using the Rule of 15.
You can use a glucose meter to find out if your blood sugar level is below 70 mg/dL
If the blood sugar is below 70 mg/dL, you need to eat 15 g of simple, concentrated carbohydrates. You can eat in a teaspoon of sugar, 2 tablespoons of reasons, or 5 to 6 hard candies.
Then wait for 15 minutes
Now check your blood sugar in
If your blood sugar is low, eat or drink an additional 15 g of carbohydrates.
Follow up with a light snack or with a meal if it is mealtime.
Immediate treatment of severe hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia is considered severe if you need help from someone to recover from it. If you cannot eat, in that case, you may need a glucagon injection or intravenous glucose. People who use insulin for controlling diabetes should have a glucagon kit for emergencies. Family and friends should also know where to find the kit and how to use it in case of emergency.
Treatment of the underlying condition
Preventing recurrent hypoglycemia is necessary for your own safety. Your doctor can help you by identifying the underlying condition and treating it. The treatment depends on the underlying cause.
If because of a medicine you're suffering from hypoglycemia, your doctor will change or stop the medication or adjust the dosage.
If you're suffering from hypoglycemia because there is a tumor in your pancreas, it can be treated by surgically removing the tumor. Sometimes partial removal of the pancreas making asses.