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Important facts about dizziness and vertigo

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Here you will find a few important facts about dizziness and vertigo.

An inner ear problem can cause dizziness

Paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) can cause dizziness in some people. The inner ear contains calcium and protein-based sensing crystals which are called as otoconia. If because of some reason the crystals are dislodged and they float into your inner ear canals, the condition can cause dizziness. This is a mechanical problem and it can be fixed easily. It is not known why this happens. It can affect adult people of any age. Trauma, inner ear infections, migraine, diabetes and osteoporosis are some of the probable causes of this problem.

Low vitamin B12 can cause problem

If you have low vitamin B12 levels in your body, it can result in different neurological problems including vertigo and dizziness. It can also cause the feeling of off balance, low blood pressure and reduce blood flow to the brain. It is possible to detect vitamin B12 deficiency. This is one of the common causes of dizziness and vertigo. A few simple blood tests can help you to check B12 levels. Vitamin B12 is available in meat, dairy products and breakfast cereals.

Ear's balance system controls blood flow

The inner ear balance system contributes to the control of blood flow. So, the inner ear knows which way is up. Utricle and saccule are the two inner ear structures that detect gravity when we stand up. They also instruct the cardiovascular system to send blood flow to accommodate your change in position. If there is a problem in this system, it can cause dizziness and vertigo.

Migraines can cause vertigo

Sometimes migraines can also cause vertigo. You may have migraine with or without headaches and that can be the reason of dizziness. If you are suffering from migraine related vertigo, you will be able to see some symptoms which will help your doctor to detect and diagnose the problem easily. Such symptoms may include sensitivity to motion, light and sound. About half of the people who have migrants may experience dizziness or vertigo.

Dizziness can be a symptom of heart disease

If you get off from your seat or bed too suddenly, you may feel dizziness. Such sudden movements may often cause dizziness in some people. Sometimes, dizziness can also be a sign of a heart condition. If you have a leaking on narrow heart valve, arrhythmias like atrial fibrillation and atherosclerosis, such heart conditions can also result in dizziness and vertigo. They cause dizziness as because of such conditions flow of blood to the brain may be reduced.

Side effect of medication

Dizziness and vertigo can also be side effects of some medicines. There are many medicines which can cause dizziness spells. There are many such medicines available which are prescribed for different problems. For example, if you are taking high doses of blood pressure medicines, they can also cause dizziness and vertigo. Such problems are more common in older adults. It may also happen to you if you start at those that's too high for you. You need to ensure that the medicines that you are taking do not include dizziness and vertigo as possible side effects. You can talk to your doctor about it and if necessary get your medicines changed.

References

1. Vertigo And Dizziness Program
2. Vertigo and Dizziness in the Elderly
3. Dizziness and vertigo