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The components of firefighter fitness

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The following components are very important for any firefighter because these components are the basic part of their fitness and fitness is very important for them because of the conditions they work in. There were condition is not something common in general and so they need a different type of fitness to do their job. Let’s find out what are these components they need.

Cardiorespiratory endurance

Cardiovascular training is very important for firefighters. These exercises are essential for them because they improve the ability of the lungs to provide oxygen and at the same time they also improve the ability of the heart and vessels to supply blood to the tissues. When you have this type of fitness, you will be able to perform vigorous physical activities for extended periods of time in extreme environmental conditions. It is possible to increase cardiovascular fitness by performing regular aerobic exercise. Frequency, time, intensity and type will decide what type of aerobic exercise is more effective for you. Some of the common activities include jogging, cycling, brisk walking, rope skipping, stair climbing, cross-country skiing, aerobics, rowing, swimming etc.

Muscular fitness

Muscular fitness is definitely a very plus point for firefighters because they often need to carry heavy equipment and carry other people to safe places. They need to always heavy lifting and moving when in suffocating, insulated clothing. So, a firefighter needs high strength and endurance. Since you need to move your body to different positions, you need strong muscles and so it is very important to have muscular fitness. Your exercise should be able to offer you three things-strength, which is the maximum amount of force a muscle can generate; power, which means ability to move loads quickly and endurance, ability and of the muscles to repeat contractions for a long duration of time. Strength training can help you to create more muscular fitness while making you look better. Such


Both flexibility and balance are very critical for a firefighter. A firefighter needs to be in the physical potential and that is possible only when you have flexibility and balance. Flexibility is nothing but the ability of a joint to move through its full range of motion and it is also very important for anyone for general fitness and wellness. It is important for firefighters because it involves strenuous physical activity, working in unsafe and slippery conditions, restrictive areas, heavy loads and need rapid movements. Stretching is very important for you because that will help you to improve your flexibility by increasing your balance. Flexibility will reduce the risk of injury, increase physical efficiency and performance, improve balance and posture, increase circulation, and reduce stress and tension besides doing other things.

Body composition

Physical fitness for firefighters include body composition. In simple terms it is the percentage of body fat to fat free mass which includes muscle and bone in your body. You need a minimum amount of body fat in your body so that it can caution and protect your body organs from injury. These are known as adipose tissues. They also have other important roles to play in your body. They can store energy and when there is a metabolic demand, they can also release energy as per the demand.

If you are consuming more calories than you need for your daily activities, exercise and other things, the excess energy will be stored as body fat. If too much fat is stored, the body cells size will increase and it may result in higher number of fat cells in the body. That is why, you will need to take care of your diet and ensure that you are not consuming more energy than you need.


1. Firefighter Fitness- Workouts For Firefighters, Emts And Medics
2. Functional Firefighter Fitness
3. Firefighter Fitness Standards