Thrush has a higher incidence among infants, children, adults and people with a weakened immune system, but candida can affect anyone.
Trush Causes And Risk Factors
Normally, Candida albicans is present in small amounts in the mouth, digestive tract and skin of each person. Even so this fungus is kept under control by other bacteria and microorganisms. In the case of certain diseases, stress and drug treatments, this balance is affected, Candida albicans will begin to multiply more than usual, causing thrush.
In other words, the risk factors in terms of thrush are:
- Certain medical treatments like antibiotics, birth control pills and corticosteroids;
- Certain diseases such as uncontrolled diabetes, cancer, xerostomia (dry mouth) or pregnancy;
Thrush usually appears suddenly, but there are situations when it can become chronic, with a longer period of manifestation. One of the main symptoms of this medical condition is the presence of some white, creamy and painful lesions that bleed during tooth brushing, present on the tongue, inner cheek area, gums and tonsils. In severe cases the lesions may extend on the esophagus, resulting in the following manifestations:
- Difficulty in swallowing
- The feeling that food remains stuck halfway towards the stomach or contrary in the throat
- Fever, in which case the infection will spread beyond the esophagus
Due to the high degree of contagiousness, thrush can be transmitted to other parts of the body such as lungs, liver or skin. Most times, however, this occurs in case of people diagnosed with HIV, cancer or depressed immune system.
Your doctor can recognize and diagnose this medical condition by performing a medical examination of the mouth. Thus, if white lesions are present on the tongue, the inside of the cheek or other mouth area, or if they remain red and bleed easily after brushing, the most likely diagnosis will be thrush.
If thrush spreads to the esophagus, it needs more specialized tests such as exudate (a sample of fluid from the neck) or endoscopy for visualizing the surface of the esophagus, stomach or small intestine.
In case of healthy trush people can be treated without problems, the symptoms can be more severe and difficult to fight off for those whose immune system is weakened. Thus, treatment of oral candidiasis involves administration of antifungal drugs for 10-14 days available as tablets, capsules or liquids. What you must understand, however, is that the form of treatment recommended by your dentist will fold on the needs of each patient. Moreover, considering the fact that in certain situations thrush is a consequence of other more severe diseases and illnesses, your dentist may recommend more extensive tests and visiting other specialty physicians.
To prevent thrush you should follow these steps:
- Maintain a rigorous hygiene of the mouth, brushing teeth at least 2 times per day using dental floss every day.
- Avoid mouthwash or mouth spray.
- Visit your dentist regularly.
- Limit the amount of sugar and yeast extracted from food. For it must avoid foods such as bread, beer or wine.
- Quit smoking.