Urinary Tract Infection
Urgent need to go to the bathroom, burning during urination, are just two of the very unpleasant symptoms of urinary tract infection (UTI). According to records, women will have at least one urinary tract infection during life and at least 1 from 5 women with a urinary tract infection has another infection. Recurrent infection is found in relatively few cases. The main symptoms of urinary tract infection are frequent urination in small amounts, dark or reddish urine, if blood is also present in urine and pressure or pain in the pelvis, lower abdomen or back, fever, nausea and/or vomiting.
Normally, urine is sterile, usually does not include bacteria, viruses or fungi, but is composed of fluids, salt and toxins. Urinary tract infection occurs when bacteria reaches the urethra from the digestive tract. Women suffer from urinary tract infections more often than man because their urethra is shorter and the bacteria can ascend more easily.
In many cases, urinary infection is caused by a bacterium known as E. coli. This bacterium lives in the digestive tract, but can cause urinary tract infections it reaches urinary tract. If the infection is present only in the ureter, the condition is called urethritis and if bacteria reaches the bladder and multiples forward it is called cystitis. If the treatment is not administered properly, the bacteria can reach the kidneys, causing pyelonephritis. Urinary tract infection can be caused by other microorganisms, including chlamydia and mycoplasma. Unlike E. coli, chlamydia and mycroplasma are considered sexually transmitted, requiring treatment for both sexual partners.
Eliminate bacteria. Drink enough fluids, 6 to 8 glasses of water are sufficient, reduce drinking coffee and alcohol (can irritate the bladder). Pay attention to your natural needs and go to the bathroom at the first signs, postponing the moment may provide the bacteria the chance to grow. Also, urinate after each sexual act to eliminate any bacteria that may have entered the urethra.
Intimate hygiene. After using the toilet, wipe from the intimate area to the anal area to avoid attracting bacteria to the urethra. This rule is especially important after defecation. As children are also at risk of developing an urinary tract infection, their education is important in terms of intimate hygiene because in children, constipation is considered to be directly related to the development of urinary tract infections, which is why you should be alert for any of your child symptoms.
Create an unfriendly environment for bacteria. Blueberries are considered fighters against urinary tract infection and E. coli bacteria. Introduce blueberries into your daily menu in the form of juice or supplements, but not before consulting your doctor regarding kidney health and medical history of kidney stones or low hemoglobin concentration, situations in which blueberries can be contraindicated.
Protect the urethra. Urethral irritation may increase the risk of infection. Irritation may be caused by oil or bubble bath, perfumes and different intimate care products or poor intimate zine hygiene. Some doctors recommend replacing the internal buffer with sterile dressings, swabs giving bacteria the opportunity to enter the body and irritate the urethra.
Maintain a balanced flora. A woman’s vagina contains a series of natural protective bacteria that fight against infection by maintaining an ideal vaginal pH. In situations in which vaginal flora is disrupted, the vagina is exposed to harmful bacteria that increase the risk of urinary tract infection. Intimate hygiene products, shower gels, sprays and powders can create imbalances of the normal vafinal flora. On the other hand, consumption of probiotic bacteria – found in fermented milk-based products helps reduce the risk of urinary tract infection.
Do not neglect intercourse and contraception. Sexual intercourse can lead to irritation of the urethra and can be one of the reasons why women are more likely to develop an urinary tract infection. After each intercourse, urination is recommended – to clean the urethra and eliminate bacteria that may be introduced into the body after sexual contact. The contraceptive choice may also increase the risk of orinary tract infection.
- Diaphragms may compress the urethra, making it hard to drain the bladder. Urine that persists long periods of time in the bladder can lead to a growing number of bacteria.
- Use of spermicides can increase the access of bacteria by disrupting the natural vaginal flora.
Pay attention to clothing. Casual clothes and natural fibers inhibit bacterial growth, on the other hand, tight jeans (slim) creates an environment for their development.