If you want to stay away from harmful chemicals in your vegetables, you can do so by creating an organic vegetable garden for yourself. Even in small places, it is possible to grow organic vegetables. The following tips will help you to create your own organic vegetable garden.
Prepare the soil before planting
This is something which is very basic. Before you start planting your vegetables, you will need to prepare the soil. Even if some vegetables may be able to survive in poor soil, your plants will grow better and produce more if you provide them with rich garden soil that contain lots of organic matter. That is why, take some time to prepare the garden soil with lots of composed and other organic materials before a planned anything at all. This will pay you in the long run.
Choose the right plants
Even though you may like different plants, not all of them may grow in your area. You will need to choose the right plants for your region and condition. Otherwise, they may not survive or may not produce the right amount of vegetables. You need to find out the types of vegetables and varieties which will do well in your growing conditions. Your region, some light, rainfall and growing zones will decide what type of vegetables are best suited for your garden. Simply talking to other gardeners, going to the local farmer's market and visiting the local garden centres will help you to get more information about it.
Buy seeds or starter plants from reputable sources
If the seeds or starter plants are not good, how can you expect to have a good produce? It is very essential to have the right and good seeds and starter plants to get the desired results. It is as essential as preparing the soil before planting. You should purchase certified organic seeds or starter plants which were raised without the use of pesticides or chemicals. Go for only reputed nurseries who have certified organic seeds and the local farmers markets.
Make your own organic compost and mulch
Your vegetable garden will do better if you supply it with lots of organic matter. Composed will help your soil by improving its structure and your soil will be porous, will be able to retain moisture, and provide more nutrients to the plants. It will also provide with the worms and microbes that will improve the health of the soil. You can easily make your own garden compost by piling up a mixture of leaves and garden clippings, grass clippings and other organic household waste or burying them in a pit.
Rotate crops from year to year
Rotating crops or crop rotation is a common technique among farmers and this will ensure that you get the maximum benefit from your organic vegetable garden. It will also help you by reducing pest and disease problems and depletion of nutrients in your soil.
Plant flowers in or near the garden
You should plant flowers in or near the garden to attract bees and other pollinators. Pollination is a key factor in the success of your vegetable garden and so you need to encourage bees and other pollinators to visit your vegetable garden by planting flowers.
Use companion planting principles
Certain plant combinations work better together. You can plant compatible flowers, herbs or other vegetables which will help you to increase yield, avoid insects, reduce disease problems and improve the quality of your vegetable produce.