Shoulder dislocation is an extensive injury than a separated shoulder that involves the injury to the ligaments of one's joint where the peak of the shoulder-blade joins the end of the collarbone. Due to this, the upper bone comes out of the cup-shaped hollow which is also the part of a shoulder-blade.
Signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms of shoulder dislocation may include intense pain, inability to move the joint, swelling or bruising and a visibly out-of-place shoulder. Further, dislocation of the shoulder may also be manifested through weakness, numbness or tingling next to the injury such as the neck or down the victim's arm. There is a spasm in the shoulder muscles due to disruption which often increases the intensity of the pain. One should get a medical help immediately if he or his child appears to have a dislocated shoulder. This is because it can at times hard to tell a broken bone from a dislocated bone.
Shoulder joints are affected by shoulder dislocations as they can move in many directions, the shoulder can go forward or downward, to a degree or fully. Further, the ligaments may be stretched or torn most of the times complicating the shoulder dislocation. Shoulder dislocation can be caused by sports injuries in contact sports such as hockey and football which may involve falls. Other causes include trauma not related to sports such as a hard blow to the head during motor vehicle accident and falls from a ladder or when one trips on a loose rug.
Factors that play a key role in increasing the chances of a shoulder dislocation include being a male and if one is in his teens or 20s. Many men suffer from this condition than women and people in their teens tend to have great levels of physical activities which make them prone to shoulder dislocations.
Complications of a dislocated shoulder entail ripping of the muscles, tendons and ligaments surrounding the shoulder joint, damage of the blood vessel or nerve in and around the joint; and vulnerability to re injury if one has repeated dislocations. A surgery may be required if the ligaments and tendons of the shoulder are stretched or torn or in case of a damage to the nerves or blood vessels adjacent to the shoulder joint.
Shoulder dislocation treatment may involve closed reduction which involves trying to help the shoulder bones back to their original positions by a doctor, surgery, immobilization of the shoulder with a sling for some time, prescribed medication such as a pain reliever or muscle relaxant to keep one comfortable as the shoulder heals; or rehabilitation of the victim.
Lifestyle and home remedies
After being treated for shoulder dislocation, one should try a number of steps to assist in relieving discomfort and promoting healing. The steps include resting the shoulder by avoiding the specific action that dislocated the shoulder, applying ice and heat to reduce inflammation and pain, maintaining the range of shoulder motions through gentle exercises as directed by a general practitioner and taking over the counter pain relievers.
In order to prevent dislocated shoulder, one should always take care to avoid falls, ensure he or she wears protective kit when playing contact sports and maintains strength and flexibility of the muscles and joints through regular exercise. A person becomes susceptible to further dislocations of the shoulder once she or he has dislocated the shoulder joint. Therefore, to avoid any further recurrence, a general practitioner shall discuss specific strength and stability exercises for that injury.