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Dangerous Drug Interactions You Should Stay Away From

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Dangerous Drug Interactions You Should Stay Away From

For a person’s health not to be compromised it is advisable not to mix drugs between themselves or with other substances , without any medical advice: alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs, prescription drug, over the counter drugs, herbal remedies, nutritional supplements. Some interactions are minor, but others can be dangerous and in some cases even life-threatening .

How Does The Drug Interactions Work?

When drugs are combined three possible effects can occur:

  1. They act independently of each other: alcohol does not interfere with vitamins or oral contraceptives, or vice versa.
  2. They potentate each other either because they affect the brain in the same way, either because a drug concentration increases in a certain body part. For example, alcohol and antihistamines both suppress the central nervous system. This means that both slow the central nervous system functions and a mixture of both can lead to the expected effects of drugs, or strong side effects (extreme drowsiness). Some drugs are extremely dangerous when mixed together, due to their multiple effects, and way in which they affect the body increases the risk of side effects or overdose.
  3. They can cancel or reduce the effects of each. When two drugs have opposite consequences on the brain (eg, drowsiness caused by alcohol vigilance caused by caffeine). When a prescription drug is mixed with other drugs or alcohol, it might not have the wanted effect.

Drug

How Often Do People Use Dangerous Drug Interactions?

Some people mix drugs in order to enhance their effects or compensate the undesirable side effects. The combination of illegal drugs is one such example. Often, people mix different drugs without knowing what they are doing. This is seen especially in the elderly who use prescription medication. For example, you can not mix alcohol with a sleeping as this combination is very dangerous.

Drug Interactions And Dangerous Combinations

Possible complications

  • Alcohol + Tranquilizers (benzodiazepines like Valium, Xanax and Ativan): central nervous system depression, difficulty in coordination, coma, and high risk of overdose and death
  • Alcohol + Antidepressants (eg Prozac, Elavil, Nardil): pronounced depression of the central nervous system, sharp increase in blood pressure which can lead to brain hemorrhage and death.
  • Alcohol + Antibiotics (especially metronidazole, tinidazole, furazolidone (Furoxone), griseofulvin (Grisactin), erythromycin, linezolid, co-trimoxazole and antimalarials) : acceleration of reaction time, rapid effect, headaches, irregular heartbeat, low blood pressure, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting
  • Alcohol + Opiate Drugs (heroin, codeine) : severe central nervous system depression, respiratory arrest and even death
  • Alcohol + Tobacco: at least doubles the effects of tobacco, increases the absorption of harmful toxins.
  • Alcohol + Cannabis: amplifies the effect of cannabis and increases the absorption of toxins
  • Alcohol + Stimulants: the effects of alcohol can be masked, blood pressure increases, the state of irritation raises, increases the risk of overdose.
  • Alcohol + Prescription drugs: the benefits of antibiotics and other drugs are cancelled, cramps, nausea, convulsions, coma, vomiting and headaches, the stomach lining can be irritated, gastrointestinal bleeding, and in some cases even death.

Among the most dangerous combinations can be listed

  • Fentanyl And Heroin Or Cocaine – fentanyl is between 50-100 times more potent than morphine. Mixed with heroin or cocaine can cause irregular heartbeat, inability to breathe and death.
  • Warfarin And Aspirin – May increase the risk of bleeding. The risk is further more increased when pills are combined with garlic.
  • Lisnopril And Potassium – can cause abnormal heart rhythm. Potassium is prescribed to balance low levels of this minerals caused by some medications that are used to treat high blood pressure.
  • Statins And Niacin – increases the risk of muscle infringement

When illegal drugs and prescription drugs are combined,  particularly dangerous situations can occur.

Drug Interactions

Drug Interactions

The most common toxic effects include:

  • Damage or central nervous system depression that can range from drowsiness to coma
  • Depression that can lead to difficulty in breathing
  • Cardiac effects (changes in heart rate that can lead to heart arrest
  • Favors convulsions onset
  • Psychological effects such as psychosis.

How To Avoid Dangerous Combinations Of Drugs

The only way in which you can fully protect yourself is to completely avoid mixing drugs. When this is not possible, each person must be informed about the medication they take and how it might interact with other drugs. Before any drug are used it is advisable to ask your doctor or your pharmacist. Information from other sources can and will be in most cases unclear or interpretable.

Each person that uses a drug must:

  • Know what kind of substance is using, for what purpose and what are the possible side effects.
  • Ask your doctor or your pharmacist for information about any mixture of drugs of any kind (including supplements).
  • Be given treatments that are recommended by doctors and not by friends and family.
  • Not increase the dose of medication or painkillers prescribed by the doctor in an attempt to increase their effects.