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Rectal Pain

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Rectal Pain

Rectal Pain

Rectal pain or anal pain refers to the pain in and around one's anus or perianal region that can either be benign or severe due to many nerve endings in the perianal region. Most of the conditions causing rectal pain may often form the root cause of rectal bleeding, which often becomes more scary than serious. Besides, the causes of rectal pain can be easily diagnosed and is generally treated with the use of over the counter ache relievers and warm water soaks.

Causes

The causes of rectal pain include anal cancer, a little tear in the anal canal lining, anal sex, anorectal fistula, chronic constipation, tailbone pain, colon cancer, a type of inflammatory bowel illness called crohn's disease. Besides, there is diarrhea, fecal impaction, hemorrhoids, spasm in muscles surrounding the anus, perianal hematoma, and perianal abscess, fleeting pain due to rectal muscle spasm, proctitis, solitary rectal syndrome, trauma and ulcerative colitis.

Signs and symptoms

Rectal pain refers to the common pain in the lower part of the gastrointestinal area resulting from condition such as anal fissures or hermorrhoids. This disease can also take place with inflammatory ailment of the bowel, slight injuries to the area or confined infections. Some rare causes of rectal pain can be accompanied by other symptoms such as rectal bleeding and cancers. Patients with rectal pain will experience symptoms like blood in their stool, rectal bleeding and buttock pain.

Treatment

Since the attacks last for such a brief duration of time, there is no treatment that lasts fast enough as to stop such an attack. In order to control the pain of levator ani syndrome, the general practitioner may prescribe an anti inflammatory drug or a muscle relaxer. In addition, the ideal time to treat thrombosed haemorrhoid is in the early 48 hours and a visit to a doctor during such time may require a simple procedure to bring an immediate relief to the patient. The general practitioner can also prescribe creams or stool softeners to heal an anal fissure but if it does not heal, a simple procedure called sphincterotomy might be required.

Seek immediate medical help if:

  • If you experience a severe amount of rectal bleeding
  • If rectal bleeding does not stop and is accompanied with dizziness, lightheadedness and feeling faint
  • If rectal pain worsens and spreads or is accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, chills or discharge

Prevention

The ideal method of preventing rectal pain is by eating a high fibre diet and drinking plenty of water as doing so enables individuals to produce soft stools that are easy to pass thus minimal trauma to the anal passage. Thrombosed haemorrhoids are commonly treated using a simple practice and many cases of anal fissures get cured within a period of 3 weeks. Many people suffering from levator ani syndrome do get some relief with treatment. Proctalgia fugax is still the most complicated to treat in as much as innovative therapies are being tested.

Self care and home remedies

The following measures should be tried at home to get relief from rectal pain: eating more fruits, sitting in a tub of hot water several times a day to ease the pain of hemorrhoids, muscle spasms and anal fissures. Further, applying over the counter hemorrhoid cream for hemorrhoids and taking over the counter pain relievers as prescribed by a doctor is essential; Massage the levator ani muscles in order to alleviate the muscle spasm and ensuring that one uses stool softeners and extra fibre to relieve severe ache with bowel movements.

References

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