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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

If you are suffering from muscle pain and you want immediate relief, it is possible to achieve that. You just need to know what to do for immediate relief from any type of muscle pain.

DIY acupressure

Muscle pain is probably the most common type of pain that you suffer from. DIY acupressure can help you to get immediate relief. For that, you need to know about the trigger points. These are the marble size knots in your muscles and day correspond to acupressure points. These acupressure points are used in acupuncture or sports massages. You can push on the trigger point with enough pressure and hold it for at least 45 seconds. It will help you to release the muscle pain by increasing the energy flow to the area. If you have pain in some areas where you cannot reach, such as your back, neck or shoulder, you can use a tennis ball to apply pressure in those areas. Place the ball near the area of the pain and lie down on it. Roll the ball around until you find the tenderest spot. Lie there for 1 to 5 minutes and you will feel your muscle relax.

Take a good bath

Today we consume more processed foods and as a result of that we are consuming 65% less magnesium. Magnesium deficiency can result in muscle contraction and it can result in muscle pain. So, you need to include more magnesium rich foods like banana, peanut, avocado, soy and whole-grain. However, it is possible to get the mineral through your skin by absorption. You can use Epsom salts while bathing because it is made of magnesium sulphate and your skin will be able to absorb the necessary magnesium. At 2 cups of Epsom salt to a bath and soak yourself for at least 12 minutes. Do this a few times a week and you will see the result. When you have the necessary magnesium, your muscle pain will immediately go away.

Music

Yes, music can help you to get relief from muscle pain. People who suffer from chronic back pain can get relief from listening to music. Paris and France study found that cancer patients who listened to music for 30 minutes had 50% reduction in pain in comparison to people who did not listen to music at all. It works probably because it distracts you and puts you focus on something else other than the ache.

Move your body

When you are having muscle pain, we may tend to stop doing any type of exercise but moving your body can actually help you to get relief from the muscle pain. You can perform any type of movement or exercise including yoga, walking or Tai Chi and they will reduce your muscle pain. If you perform these exercises for a few weeks, you will see significant pain relief. A study found that those people suffering from fibromyalgia, who attended a twice weekly hour-long Tai Chi classes for 12 weeks found that their muscle pain reduced significantly. It helps you because it works on your body and the hormones. If you are stressed it will trigger adrenaline hormone which will signal your body to tighten up and as a result of that you will feel pain. Yoga, Tai Chi and even walking can help you to stretch and relax the muscles and thereby soothe soreness. Even a few minutes of stretching can help you to reduce your pain.

References

1. Mobility Ring
2. Exercise-induced muscle pain, soreness, and cramps
3. Healthy Muscles Matter

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Although it may sound like it, peripheral neuropathy isn't just one disease with a singular cause and solution. It is the overarching term for damage to a person's peripheral nervous system. The peripheral nervous system is the half of the body's overall nervous system that connects all of the nerves between the spinal cord, brain, and your body's peripherals like hands and feet, organs, facial features and the main one, a person's joints.

 

When the nerves of the body are destroyed or damaged, they become unable to communicate with the brain and spinal cord or the body's peripherals, which causes pain and numbness in the area, as the body's last resort of letting you know something is very wrong.

 

Peripheral Neuropathy and Pain

 

Pain, specifically joint pain is something that is most commonly complained of as a person ages. These vital components that are spread throughout the body allow us to do so much, but as we age as they become less responsive to healing and more prone to damage, we can't do nearly as much as we would like to. Joints are fairly interconnected with the body's nerves, so it can be easy to confuse nerve pain and joint pain, as they occur within close proximity to each other.

 

Individuals diagnosed with peripheral neuropathy may be suffering from poly peripheral neuropathy where multiple groups of nerves are affected, or mononeuropathy, where a singular nerve or group of nerves is damaged.

 

Nerve damage that leads to peripheral neuropathy can be caused by a number of things. Sudden, intense injury or trauma, prolonged compression or even inflammation due to an injury that refuses to heal, or the general wear and tear our bodies are put through. Inflammation can even be caused by what we eat, much like an allergic reaction, only internally.

 

Causes

 

Commonly, people reference carpal tunnel as a prime peripheral neuropathy diagnosis. The tasks on a computer, or smartphone these days, are so repetitive that it can cause intense wear on the joints and nerves in the hands and wrists. In addition, poor posture can contribute to this diagnosis as well. Humans are far more sedentary than they used to be, and the ways we settle in to relax or work each day are not often the best for our bodies.

 

Physical neuropathy can be caused by a number of things, such as chemo treatments, autoimmune diseases, diabetes, abnormalities in proteins, toxic chemical exposure, alcoholism, medications, or even kidney failure. Anything that severely affects a person’s nerves, whether that is to enhance or suppress, could eventually cause peripheral neuropathy. While the body is astoundingly good at healing itself, there is a limit for every person, and once prominent nerve damage occurs, it can be difficult to nearly impossible to rectify.

 

Treatments

 

With such varying limits for people’s bodies, those suffering from peripheral neuropathy will most likely experience varying pain levels. People also deal with pain differently, so it may be that one person can ignore it until it really ought to have been treated earlier on, while another must begin relying heavily on pain treatments to make it through. The kinds of treatment available for peripheral neuropathy tend to depend on the way that the neuropathy came about, whether from progressive activity or sudden injury. Identifying the cause of how the neuropathy came about will help you identify how to treat it best. From medication to alternative medicine, whatever works best with your body can mean a bit of guess and check work.

 

Over the counter options like acetaminophen are common for treating peripheral neuropathy. It is good at subduing the feeling of pain, but not necessarily the inflammation that could be causing the pain. It is important to differentiate between chronic or acute pain for this kind of treatment, as it is best for the chronic type. NSAIDs are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that are best for an all bases kind of treatment. Because they reduce swelling, pain, inflammation and stiffness, they are perfect for acute or chronic peripheral neuropathy.

 

Medicinal Alternatives

 

As far as treatments that are more on the alternative side, biofeedback, acupuncture, relaxation techniques including massage and ergonomics or splints make the list. These are treatment best for when the pain has not reached an unbearable level, and can be most effective with an early diagnosis of peripheral neuropathy.

 

For more in-depth information, you could see this list on Nervepaintreatment.org. Lists such as these are constantly being updated as new information regarding all aspects of peripheral neuropathy is discovered. Treatments and causes are most popular, but knowing exactly what peripheral neuropathy is will help in faster diagnoses and better treatments.

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Beauty is something that is often sought after by people all over the world. In response to this desire to be beautiful, many businesses have been born as well as serial entrepreneurs creating makeup, skin creams, selling beauty advice, and creating products that will apparently make you beautiful. Depending on what your beauty goals are you may have one or a ton of beauty-related products on your dressing table. Whatever the case, in as much as these products may work wonders, you should remember the immense benefits of healthy living on your appearance. On that note, you're going to find a few tips on being beautiful the healthy way below.

Eat Foods That are Good for Your Skin

One of the first tips for being beautiful the healthy way is opting to eat foods that are good for your skin. Flawless skin is something that many people dream of, and while some get it naturally, others have to work at it. Although there are numerous creams, toners, and scrubs available which guarantee better skin, you should consider being dedicated to a healthy diet as a natural remedy. Some specific foods that are said to do wonders for your skin are fatty fish, avocados, walnuts, sweet potatoes, broccoli, and dark chocolate if you have a sweet tooth. You can try eating a variation of these foods consistently over time and see whether or not it makes a significant difference.

Stay Active

Everybody has a different body structure which means that we all come in different shapes and sizes. However, if part of being beautiful to you is maintaining a healthy weight, then this tip may be useful to you. As you likely already know, there are several ways that you can stay active, so your personal preferences will determine what's best for you. Some ideas for staying active aside from the gym include biking or walking to work, dancing around the house, turning cleaning into a workout session, and exercising your mind, so your body follows suit.

Looking After Your Mind

No matter how many beauty regimes you try and how many routines you switch to, if you don't have positive thoughts about who you are and how you look, no amount of transformation will likely change that. For this reason, one of the most important beauty tips you can get is to look after your mental and emotional wellbeing. By doing so, you're more likely to feel beautiful from the inside out. If you find that you're struggling with low self-esteem and it happens to be affecting your daily life, consider seeking professional help. In case you don't already have healthcare to cover the fees, you can try checking HealthSoul for health care insurance reviews as you're likely to find a good healthcare plan that can cover the costs.

Beauty is something that should be defined by you and nobody else. This means that you should set your own goals whether it's related to improving your skin, shedding some weight, or getting healthier hair. In the process of making it happen, always remember that there are endless benefits associated with being beautiful the healthy way.

If you want to lose fat and weight quickly a tea detox diet can help you to do that. It will also clean out your colon. However, you should be careful in choosing the right tea detox diet for the best results.

Tea to flush the system

In a key detox diet, you drink one or many types of teas to flush out your colon and the kidneys. If you're focusing on losing fat and weight, you will need a tea which will boost your metabolism. Depending on the program you choose, the food choices that you have may be restricted to a few foods for the specific days. Some of the programs may ban solid foods because when you are filling it how can you clean the digestive system. Such and detox diet program may last from 3 to 21 days and you will need to follow the instructions so that your system can be flushed completely to make it more efficient for burning more fat and reduce weight.

Different types of teas

There are different types of teas which are used for tea detox diet. It can act both as a laxative and a diuretic. It will reduce your water weight and will also cleans your entire system. Different types of teas can be included in a detox diet for different reasons. It may also contain other types of herbs like ginseng, guarana, bitter orange and kelp. The focus here is to maintain your energy during the time when you go for tea detox and to suppress your appetite during the diet.

How do you lose weight?

Some of the weight loss that such a tea detox diet can help you achieve can be drastic. Sometimes, you may lose up to 20 lbs. It is possible to achieve such big success with the help of a tea detox diet if you follow it religiously. Since it will reduce your water weight and the waste materials present in your body, it is possible to reduce your fat and weight dramatically. You will need to focus on one thing to lose more fat and that is, how many calories you are taking in during this period. When you reduce the number of calories you are consuming, it will also help you to reduce the fat storage present in your body and lose weight. A good calorie deficit will help you to reduce your weight faster as 3500 calories equal to 1 lbs of fat.

Gaining the weight back

It is possible that you may gain the weight back do not follow the instructions or you completely go back to the earlier days once the detox program ends. It is important that you change your lifestyle and follow a new lifestyle which will help you to maintain your weight loss and fat loss. It is important to talk to a medical professional before you go for different types of tea detox diets available. Some of them are effective and will work for you but on the other hand some others may be very ineffective and may be dangerous for you. So, you need to choose the right tea detox diet for yourself before you actually go ahead and do it. Red tea seems to have some advantages over other types of tea and so read the detox diets may be more useful for you to lose fat and bodyweight. Do your research and find out more about the tea detox diet before you start it for yourself.

References

1. The Red Tea Detox
2. Detoxes and Cleanses
3. Detox diets for toxin elimination and weight management

Aikido offers many benefits and these benefits will stick to you for life. With regular practice, you'll develop some skills which will not only help you in Aikido practice but will also help you in your daily life.

Physical benefits

You'll see some concrete physical benefits. It will help you to have all around physical fitness, flexibility and relaxation. It is an expansive way of developing power and so it focuses more on activities like denser gymnastics. Performing these activities will help your body to move in a coordinated manner and along with relaxation. Aikido will help you to develop your expansive power and as a result of that, you'll be able to fight your opponent better and overcome a person who is much bigger or stronger. It happens because expansive power can be much greater than your size because you move with your whole body. It will help you to relax and move from the center of your body and it makes you more powerful. Aikido will help your body by developing it in a unique manner. You will need rigorous training but it will prepare your body to face any type of situation. You will develop flexibility of the joints and connective tissues with the help of different stretching exercises and practices. You will also learn relaxation and your body will be relaxed even in case of tense situations. It will help you to generate animus energy and self-defense skill.

Psychological benefits

When you practice Aikido, you not only get physical benefits but you also get other benefits from practicing regularly. Aikido training believes that your mind and body are not separate and condition of one will affect the condition of other.

You will learn physical relaxation in Aikido and that relaxation will help you to have mental relaxation. And the good thing is that this mental relaxation will be there at any situation in your daily life. You'll be able to create a body that moves and holds itself confidently and strongly. The perseverance and confidence that you develop during the practice will manifest in your body. Reflection of the psychological or spiritual inside in your body is very important so that they become your habit and better and show up even under pressure. Aikido teaches you that.

Self-defense

Aikido will help you to defend yourself. It is more popular because it has extreme flexibility inherent in the martial art. It can be used in different levels of security. It can be very gentle controlling technique to the most severe countermeasure. As a result of that it can be applied in a wide range of defensive situations. That is why it is also popular among law enforcement, security, mental health and environment, medical environment, civilian self-defense, women self-defense and children self-defense. Because of its flexibility it can be applied by anyone and get the same benefits. Aikido can also be flexibly adapted to different situations as they arise. If you want decisive, effective defensive skills, Aikido can help you to achieve that. Aikido focuses on self-defense but it does not focus on aggressive striking, which is a difference with other types of martial arts, where striking the open and is a very important part. That is why, Aikido can be a very important part of modern lifestyle.

References

1. Aikido Success Blueprint – Fast Track Your Skills!
2. The Social-Psychological Outcomes of Martial Arts Practise Among Youth
3. Martial Arts and Mental Health

Foods have a direct link with your body and it decides how healthy you are and can be. It also has a link with your mind and brain. There are some foods which can improve your brain health and provide you with all the benefits of a better brain health.

Salmon

Wild Salmon is very good for your brain health because it provides the highest quality protein for your brain. It contains the very important omega-3 fatty acids, which are very critical for a healthy brain structure and optimal brain function. It also contains five other important nutrients for your brain including magnesium, B vitamins, zinc, vitamin D and choline. But you should choose the wild variety and not the farm raised one. Because the wild variety has fewer calories and low amount of saturated fat in comparison to the farm raised variety.

Beans

Beans are very important brain health food. Beans are nutrient dense starch and they are digested very slowly. They are important as they provide your brain with its preferred fuel glucose. They also contain good amount of different important nutrients like magnesium, fibre, zinc, folate and antioxidants. Folate is very special because it is essential for brain function and if you have less of it that can lead to neurological disorders including cognitive impairment and depression. Beans will provide you with more folate than any other food.

Walnuts

All types of nuts are exceptional brain foods and so you should eat more of them. Walnut is the star of all of them. It is rich in several brain nutrients which will improve your brain health. It contains amino acids, B vitamins, vitamin E and several different minerals. Vitamin E is important because it can help in prevention of cognitive decline. Walnuts will also provide you with a good dose of omega-3 fatty acids. They contain very powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant rich in polyphenols, which is useful because your brain is vulnerable to oxidation and inflammation damage. To ensure that your brain is safe from such problems, you need regular supply of walnuts.

Dark chocolate

If you are eating dark chocolate in moderation, it is a good thing for your brain health. It contains very high levels of plant antioxidants known as flavonols. These elements will help you by allowing more blood to be carried to different important areas of your brain. Dark chocolate will also provide you with magnesium, fibre and zinc. It will help you by countering the effects of ageing and fatigue. If you want to boost your mood, alertness and focus, you should happily eat dark chocolate. A good portion (up to 1 ounce daily) of high cacao dark chocolate which contains 72% or greater cacao, will help your brain functions without exceeding your daily sugar quota.

Avocados

Avocado is a brain food that you cannot avoid. If you want optimal brain health, you must have it. It contains good amount of monounsaturated fats which will promote healthy blood flow in your brain. It also contains very important brain nutrients like folate, vitamins C, vitamin E and copper. Avocados also have B vitamins in them which is good for you to reduce stress and they will also keep your nerves and brain cells healthy. High levels of potash present in avocado will lower your blood pressure. The monounsaturated fats will support your nerves in the brain and will ensure that all the information is carried to your brain without any problem.

References

1. Sound Bath/ Light Bath
2. Brain health
3. Brain Foods that May Help You Concentrate