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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Complementary Reading

Hypertrophy training will help you to pack on more muscles. It is helpful for both men and women. There are few laws of muscle building which can help you to build more muscle if you understand them correctly.

Rule 1: muscle building is a science

There are some basic principles of hypertrophy and you will need to follow them if you really want to pack on more muscles.

Rule 2: everybody is different.

Even though some of the hypertrophy training may work for someone, it may not work for some other people. Not to people can be the exact same. So even though they are on the same program, they may see different results. Some of you may pack on more muscles and look like a professional bodybuilder and on the other hand some others may have long, lean define muscles. What works for someone else, may not work for you.

Rule 3: knowledge is everything.

In science, new things are always being discovered through new studies and it is an ongoing process. It is always important to learn new things and improve your understanding of what works. So with the help of the first two rules, you build the best program for yourself and the third rule says that you will need to keep improving that to see better results.

The three laws of building muscle

Exercise physiologist Brad Schoenfeld says that there are three primary mechanisms of muscle growth-muscle tension, metabolic stress and muscle damage.

It is very important to shift your focus to how you are lifting weights. Why? Powerlifters are generally stronger than bodybuilders and they can also lift more weight in comparison to bodybuilders. However, bodybuilders often look significantly more muscular even though they are weaker when compared to powerlifters.

It is very important to know and understand how to create muscle tension. Most of the people do not understand it and that’s why they do not also get the desired results. If you’re simply lifting a weight and trying to push it for a certain number, that way may not help you to build muscle. Simply moving the weight will not help you. Rather, it may result in form problem, ligament problem and joint problem. Even if you do it, your muscles will not get benefit of that because your muscles are not carrying the load.

It is very important for you to focus on a fool range of motion which will help you by creating a constant tension on the working muscle. When you are performing reps, the muscles should not take a break. Stressing the muscle and squeezing the muscle is a constant process during the reps.

When you are squeezing the muscle (the concentric) you need to stop the weight a little short of lockout on the concentric portion. In the same way, it should be little short of the bottom of the lift so that you can maximize the stretch. But you do not lockout your elbows while lowering the weight. On both dance, you will need 90% of range of motion so that you can create non-stop tension and the environment necessary for building more muscle.

Metabolic stress is the stress you feel when your muscles become exhausted. This stress is very important because it will turn your muscles on for growth.

Muscular damage happens in different ways. When you lift weights, it will result in damage and that will force your muscles to repair itself. As a result the muscles will grow back bigger and denser.

References

1. The Bigness Project
2. The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training
3. Training for Hypertrophy

3

Qigong can offer several benefits to you. It is a very effective exercise especially during the modern times and because of the many benefits it offers, this can be one of the most important exercises that you can do every day. Let’s find out the benefits offered by qigong.

Build power and loosen the muscle

If you want to build power and looseness of the muscles, qigong is the exercise you need to do. When you practice aerobics and vigorous stretching, it helps you to build your strength and flexibility. Qigong helps you by building effortless power and looseness. This looseness is necessary for free flow of Chi. Qigong focuses on relaxed power instead of muscular strength like the Western exercises. The more you allow your muscles to loosen up, the more energy you will be able to flow through.

Strengthen your organs

Qigong will help you by strengthening your organs. It will also balance your organs. If you have recently suffered from any illness and now you need to strengthen any specific organ, you can do that with the help of qigong. It can help in recovery of lever from hepatitis, the lungs from tuberculosis or the hard from a heart attack. Even without any medical problem, people may born with a weakness in any of the organs. Qigong can help you to fix that problem because it can address specific problems of individuals.

Strengthen your nerves

Qigong can help you by strengthening your nerves, which is a very important benefit for you. Chi energy flows through your nerves and then nerves are an intermediary between the body and the mind. They help you to know more about your body. In the initial practice, qigong will help you to get in touch of your body and clear out blockages. When you continuously practice this exercise, chi energy gets stronger and you will have more avenues of your body at the same time, you will have stronger nerves. You probably already know that spinal nerves are very important for your overall health. If you want to strengthen your nervous system practicing qigong is very important for you.

You can use it even if you are seriously ill

One other very important benefit of qigong is that you can use this practice even when you are seriously ill and cannot move much or don’t have to strength to perform any exercise. If you seriously ill or bedridden, it is not possible for you to perform any type of Western exercises including strength training, weightlifting, calisthenics or running. If that is the case, after some time your muscles and organs systems will get weaker and even if you start practicing once you get well, it may take months to recover the lost muscle, strength and power.

There are different techniques available in qigong, which specifically meant for the week and immobile. You don’t need to move your body to practice this. There are many exercises which can be practice while lying down on the bed, which will help you by improving your strength.

Prevent injury to joints, bones and ligaments

Qigong can help you to prevent injury to your joints, ligaments and bones. Joints and ligaments are vulnerable to any accidental injury. Qigong can help you to prevent that type of injuries because it teaches better balance. It teaches you how to turn correctly without straining, how to relax in a fall and how to move your joints without locking them. It teaches you to increase flexibility and health of the ligaments.

References

1. Qigong Power Training System
2. A Comprehensive Review of Health Benefits of Qigong and Tai Chi
3. Tai Chi and Qi Gong

Your meals are beige

If you want to lose stubborn belly fat, you need brightly colored fruits and vegetables because they contain vitamins C which is essential for reducing cortisol. A recent study found that people who eat more red, orange and yellow produce have smaller waist. Instead of eating beige, what and to add more colors to your existing diet? You can do that by adding different colorful fruits and vegetables to your diet. You can add such colorful fruits and vegetables to whatever you are eating.

You are eating a low-fat diet

If you are eating a low-fat diet that may be the reason why you are not losing belly fat. To get rid of belly fat, you need to eat fat or monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs). High MUFA that can help you to lose one third of your belly fat within a month. They will keep you full for a longer duration and so you will not poor quality, high calorie foods or more foods. Simply having a handful of nuts, a quarter of an avocado or a tablespoon of olive oil will help you to get the necessary MUFA.

You are avoiding the miracle mineral

Magnesium is the miracle mineral when you are trying to lose belly fat. Why is it so important? It can regulate 300 functions in your body. If you consume more magnesium, you will have lower blood sugar and insulin levels. There are some magnesium rich foods available which include bananas, dark leafy greens and soya beans.

You are not sweating

Even though you are exercising, probably in not doing enough. High-intensity interval training or HIIT can help you to get rid of your belly. In them, you use bursts of vigorous activity and then follow it by short periods of rest or gentle activity. It can help you by reducing insulin, triglycerides and cortisol. It will also help you by burning more calories.

You can use the HIIT principal even when you are running or biking. Make it so fast that you cannot talk for two minutes and then slow down for a minute and then repeat the process. If you are lifting weights, lift continuously for few minutes with a 60 seconds break in between.

You are eating from a box

The food that you are consuming comes in a box and you are eating from it. When you consume simple carb such as chips and added sugar in any sweetened drinks, your blood sugar will go up resulting in more insulin in the body. Insulin will and courage your liver to store fat and specifically around your belly.

You need a healthy diet is the belly fat. The processed foods that are available in a ready to eat format often have high amounts of sugar and simple carbs. You need to fill your fuel tank with high quality foods. That will also help you by eliminating hunger so that you do not simply dump anything to satiate your hunger.

Yoga

Yoga can help you to get rid of your belly fat and because you are not practicing it is making it more difficult for you to lose the stubborn belly fat. Menopause related hormonal changes will make it more difficult for you to avoid belly fat. If you are indulge in yoga that can offset the effects. All you need to do is practice an hour-long yoga session three times a week for few weeks and you will see the change in your body.

References

1. See Your Abs – By Best Selling Author & Celebrity Trainer Bruce Krahn
2. The effect of abdominal exercise on abdominal fat
3. Overweight, obesity, and weight loss

When you have fatty liver, you have to be very careful about your diet so that you are not adding more fat to your liver. Your diet will become one of the most important factors which will decide whether you will be able to get out of this medical problem or not.

A healthy diet can help you to reduce fatty liver problem.

Fruits and vegetables

If you are suffering from a fatty liver problem, fruits and vegetables are something which you must add to your existing diet. There are important as they provide a big source of valuable nutrients which include vitamins, antioxidants and minerals. Such elements will strengthen your immune system and as a result you will be able to fight infection and diseases. Managing your weight is very important in treatment of fatty liver problem and fruits and vegetables can help you in healthy weight management. They contain high levels of nutrients but lower calories, which is good for you. You need to include them in your diet on a regular basis so as to get the best results. You need the following frozen vegetables in your diet-blueberries, raspberries, oranges, cherries, papaya, grapefruit, tomatoes, broccoli, spinach, kale, mustard greens and bell peepers.

Unsaturated fats

You will need unsaturated fats to prevent and to treat existing fatty liver problem. Such unsaturated fats are available in nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils etc. which are good for your heart health, overall physical health and brain function. You just need to consume them in the right amounts. You need to avoid saturated and trans fats which are very commonly available in the deep-fried foods, high-fat dairy products and red meat. You need to avoid them because they can increase the risk of fatty liver problem and if you already have the problem, it can cause more harm to you.

Some of the healthy fat choices that you have are olive oil, walnuts, canola oil, almonds, seeds and avocado. Omega-3 fatty acids are very essential fats for your body and they are available in different types of fishes including salmon, tuna, sardines, mackerel etc. They are also available in canola oil and walnuts. You will need to include them in your diet to get the maximum benefit possible. There are important because they help you in absorbing nutrients.

Whole grains

The next important element that will help you to fight fatty liver problem is whole grains. They offer you vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and dietary fibre. It helps in reducing the possibility of heart disease, diabetes and other serious problems. You need a diet rich in low glycemic foods for prevention and treatment of fatty liver problem. You need whole grains like oats, barley, bulger, spelt, Brown or wild rice and rye. Include different varieties of whole grains to your diet and get the maximum nutritional benefits possible. Whole grains are good for you because they are low glycemic and nutritious sources of carbohydrate. To avoid fat liver problem and to treat fatty liver, you will need to eliminate processed and enriched carbohydrate foods like white bread, processed snack foods and sugary cereals.

Lean proteins

You will need lean proteins from different sources when you want to prevent or treat fatty liver problem. Such lean proteins sources include tofu and lean poultry. You will need to replace pork and beef with lean proteins. If you continue eating pork and beef, they may strain your liver and at the same time they result in more a compilation of liver fats.

References
1. Fatty Liver Guide
2. Fatty liver – nonalcoholic
3. Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease & NASH

The following process will help you to get the bikini body you’ve always wanted.

Set goals

If you want to get the best bikini body for yourself, you will need to set goals accordingly. Related decide where you want to improve and that will decide what you need to do regarding diet and exercise. Do you want to lose weight? Do you want to gain muscle? Do you want to tone up? Depending on your goals, the process of moving forward will be different.

Take measurements and weigh yourself. Write it down. This will help you to track your progress. Also take a before picture because it will help you to see the results for yourself. It will also keep you motivated to push yourself further and do better.

Also by the bikini you want to wear and hang it up somewhere where you can see it every day. This will work as a motivator for you. It will keep you reminding why you are doing what you are doing now. It will also keep you motivated and keep going when you want to give up.

Eating healthy

In the second step, you will need to ensure that you are eating healthy. You need to make some changes to your existing diet and may need to add something more to it.

You will need to reduce your calorie intake if you are trying to lose weight. Exercising regularly will help you but it alone cannot help you to lose weight. You need to eat lots of vegetables and fruits. They have loss of vitamins and minerals and they will keep you energized throughout the day. They will also keep you feel full without adding too many calories to your body. You will need more leafy green vegetables and non-starchy vegetables. Few pieces of fruits everyday will help you to get the necessary benefits you need. Include lean proteins such as turkey, chicken and fish to your diet. They will provide you with the necessary protein without adding too much fat. For people who are vegetarian, tofu, veggie burgers, tempeh and eggs do the same.

Also do not forward to drink at least eight glasses of water every day because of the many benefits it has to offer to you. Immediately reduce your sugar consumption and avoid this sugary foods.

Exercise

Depending on your goal, the exercise that you need to perform everyday will vary a lot. You can start with performing aerobic exercises such as 30 minutes of cardio few times a week. You need to find exercises which you love and enjoy doing it. It may be necessary for you to join an exercise class a gym because that will keep you motivated to continue working out. Friends you meet in the gym may help you to keep going when it becomes difficult for you. Focus on your upper body, abs and legs.

Make some simple lifestyle changes

Without making some simple lifestyle changes it may not be possible for you to get your bikini body. This simple changes to your existing lifestyle will ensure that you are getting the necessary elements which will help you to reduce weight and fat and get more lean muscles. Some changes in your existing lifestyle will also ensure that you have a more active daily routine.

Toning up

Different types of physical activities and exercises will help you to tone up your body. Yoga, pilates and other total body toning exercises will help you to ensure that your muscles are properly toned. These exercises will also help you to improve your flexibility and posture.

References

1. The Tsc Heart Of A Champion Training & Nutrition Program
2. Body Image
3. Women's Health

10

It is possible to overcome binge eating with two types of strategies-long-term strategies and short-term strategies. Let’s find out how you can stop your binge eating disorder.

Long-term strategies

Learn your triggers

To stop binge eating, you will need to know about your triggers. The triggers may be different for different people but if you know about your trigger, it will be easier for you to understand that very soon you are likely to start binge eating. Find out what feelings, moves, relationships, interactions or anything else drive your urge to binge. You can yourself find out about the triggers or a therapist can help you to find. Then you can find a solution for overcoming that trigger so that it cannot send you on a binge eating spree.

Remove temptations

To stop binge eating, you will need to remove the temptations. Do not keep foods that you like in front of you. When you remove temptations, the possibility and frequency of binge eating will slowly decline.

Follow a regular meal plan

If you are on a regular pattern of eating, you are less likely to go for binge eating. If you are trying to lose weight by dietary restriction or undereating, you are likely to feel hungrier and that may result in binge eating. Following a regular meal plan will ensure that you are not undereating and you are not hungry.

Health is more important than weight

Your focus should be on your health and not on your weight. If you are healthy, you don’t have to worry about being little overweight. Whenever you focus more on your weight, you will try to lose some weight by any means and that can result in binge eating disorder. If you have a desire to lose weight, that can trap you in a bingeing vicious cycle.

Short-term strategies

Know about the danger zone

To stop binge eating, you will need to understand that you are in danger zone and you need to find ways to get out of there. You will need to notice the urge to binge eat, and then only you can do something about it. When you are a very of your moods and anxieties, it will help you to stop yourself from eating more.

Distract

If you can distract yourself, you can delay the urge to binge eat. To go to behavior from urge, you need some time and if you can distract yourself during this time, you will be able to delay your behavior of binge eating. If you can delay it for some time, the possibility of avoiding it will increase to a great extent. You can distract yourself by counting breaths, taking a walk, listening to music, calling a friend or doing anything else which will help you to take your mind away from the food.

Change your mindset

Once you know how to notice the urge of binge eating, find out a few ways to change your mindset. Keeping a list of your top goals and values will definitely help you. These values and goals will help you to restrict, prevent or delay the urge to binge eat. You can also question yourself based on the values and goals to find out whether binge eating will be consistent with them or not.

Stop binge in progress

It is possible to stop a bingeing progress. Even if you have started it, it does not mean that you will have to continue doing it once you realize what you are doing.

References
1. The Wake Up Thinner Program
2. Binge Eating Disorder
3. Eating Disorders Among Adults