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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

If you're suffering from nail fungus problem, there are some home remedies which can help you to get relief from this difficult condition. Let's find out some such home remedies.

Vicks VapoRub

Vicks vaporub contains camphor and eucalyptus oil. A recent study found that if fixed VapoRub is applied to an affected nail at least once a day, about 83% people found improvement in the condition and 20% of them reported getting rid of the infection entirely.

Listerine and white vinegar

Listerine is a mouthwash that contains thymol and menthol as ingredients. Both of these ingredients have antifungal properties. On the other hand, vinegar is acidic and it makes the environment unsuitable for fungi. If you use Listerine and white vinegar together it will help you to get rid of nail fungus infection. You need to mix them in equal portions and soak the toes in that solution every day.

Urea paste

You will find over-the-counter urea paste which will help you to treat your nail fungus problem. Such a paste will help you by dissolving the diseased portion of a nail and leaving the healthy part intact. When the disease portion is dissolved, you can now apply an over-the-counter antifungal cream which will treat the fungal infection. However, you should be more careful while using this method because of the removal of the nail portion, the area may become more susceptible to infection. It is better to talk to your doctor before you go ahead with this treatment.

Oregano oil

Oregano oil contains thymol and it has antifungal and antibacterial properties. You can apply the oil on the affected nail twice-daily using a cotton swab. It is also possible to use this oil along with tea tree oil to make treatment more effective. Sometimes some people may find some irritation or allergic reaction because both of them are potent essential oils.

Cornmeal

Cornmeal was previously used for getting rid of blackspot fungal disease from roses and so it has some antifungal properties. The same cornmeal can help you to get rid of nail fungus problem by eliminating the fungus causing the infection. For cornmeal into a pan and mix it with hot water to make a paste. After the mixture cools down, you can soak your feet in it for an hour.

Changing your diet

Sometimes changing your diet may also help you to get rid of nail fungus. You need to include some healthy foods in your diet so that your body can fight conditions like toenail fungus better. You should include more probiotic rich yogurt, more protein for better nail regrowth, more iron to prevent brittle nails, high fatty acids containing foods and foods rich in calcium and vitamin D.

Tea tree oil

Tea tree oil is an essential oil that has antifungal and antiseptic properties and so it can be used in treating nail fungus which is caused by fungi. It is more effective against toenail fungus. You can use the tea tree oil directly onto the affected area. Do that twice daily using a cotton swab.

Garlic

Garlic is well-known for its antifungal and antimicrobial properties. It can also be used for treatment of toenail fungus. You can use chopped or crushed garlic cloves on the affected area. Keep it for 30 minutes and do that every day. You can also consume garlic cloves so that you can take care of the infection from inside. People who do not like raw garlic can consume garlic capsules.

References

1. Nail Fungus Revealed
2. Fungal Nail Infections
3. Fungal nail infection

Before you go to treat your heartburn and acid reflux problem, it is very important to know about the basics because that’ll help you to understand the problems that are and then you will be able to find the countermeasures which will help you to get relief from heartburn and acid reflux. Let’s find out the basic things about heartburn and acid reflux.

The basics

Heartburn is also known as acid indigestion. This is an irritation of the esophagus which is caused by acid that refluxes or comes back up from the stomach. When you swallow food it goes down the throat and through the esophagus to the stomach. There is a valve known as lower esophageal splinter (LES) which normally opens and then allows food into the stomach. Once the food passes through it, it closes again. Then your stomach releases strong acids to break down the food. In some cases if the LES opens too often or does not close tight enough, acids from your stomach can go back into the esophagus. Such acids can damage the esophagus. They cause the burning sensation we know as heartburn.

Most people have felt this burning sensation at one point of time or other. Millions of people suffer from heartburn or acid reflux symptoms every day. Even though it is not a serious health problem, however it can make life very uncomfortable for you. If you suffer from heartburn symptoms frequently and persistently, you should see your doctor because it can be an indicator of other serious problems like gastro-esophageal reflux disease or GERD. GERD can result in other complications and may also cause cancer in some people.

Causes of heartburn

Heartburn is generally caused by lifestyle and dietary factors. Such causes may relax the lower esophageal sphincter and allow it to open or they may also increase the amount of acid in the stomach or they may increase stomach pressure. Sometimes such factors may also make the esophagus more sensitive to acids. Let’s see what other dietary habits that cause heartburn.

Dietary habits

  • Eating large portions- if you eat large portions, you are more likely to suffer from heartburn and acid reflux.
  • Eating certain foods, like onions, chocolate, peppermint, high-fat or spicy foods, citrus fruits, garlic, and tomatoes or tomato-based products
  • Drinking some beverages, like citrus juices, alcohol, and caffeinated and carbonated drinks
  • Eating before bedtime-if you eat just before bedtime and simply go to bed without waiting, you’re more likely to suffer from heartburn.

Lifestyle Habits

  • Being overweight- overweight people generally have more tendency of suffering from heartburn and acid reflux
  • Smoking-people who smoke are at a higher risk of suffering from heartburn problem
  • Wearing tight-fitting clothing or belts- if such tightfitting clothing or belts are pressurizing your stomach, it may cause heartburn
  • Lying down or bending over, especially after eating- you should always wait for some time before you lie down after having food. Sometimes simply bending over may result in heartburn because it puts pressure on your stomach.

Medical Causes

  • Pregnancy- pregnant women may suffer from heartburn more frequently than other people
  • Bulging of the stomach into the chest cavity, also called hiatal hernia
  • GERD
  • Ulcers
  • Certain bacteria
  • Some medicines like antibiotics, aspirin, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may cause heartburn more frequently. If you are taking any such medicines, it is always better to take something together which will control your possible heartburn problem.

References

1. Heartburn & Acid Reflux Remedy Report – New And Improved
2. Acid Reflux (GER & GERD) in Adults
3. Heartburn

5

If you want to get lean the review things that you need to know and follow.

The right mindset

To get lean, you will need the right mindset and attitude. Getting lean is a goal for you which means there in will be some things which you will need to change. To achieve your goals and to make the necessary changes, you will need the right mindset and attitude. Without the right mindset and attitude, achieving a goal will not be possible. Even if you somehow achieve it, maintaining the fitness and fat loss will be impossible for you. On the other hand, when you have the right mindset and attitude achieving this goal of getting lean will be easier for you. You need to find out why you want to become lean and if your why is strong enough, you'll be able to do it. Without a strong ˜why' you will not follow the strict rules and regulations and the hard work necessary to become lean. Even if you have the right techniques and methods and you know everything about becoming lean, but you don't have the right mindset and attitude to do things that you need to do and to follow the program, how can you achieve your goal of becoming lean. If you want to permanently transform your physique, it will be important for you to first prepare your mind with the right mindset and attitude and then go ahead with the actual program.

Your diet is the most crucial element

If you want to get lean, your diet will be the most crucial element in it. You will have to know everything about the diet that you should follow and constantly follow it. Nutrition has the biggest impact on your permanent body transformation. It is not possible to have a bad diet and then use training to overcome that. It is not simply a matter of calories in and calories out. To get lean, you will have to find the right type of food and consume it in the right amount at the right times. There are foods which will increase your metabolism. There are common health food which may contribute to your belly fat. You will need to know everything about different types of food that you consume and what you're supposed to consume. Only after you know everything about your diet, when to take it and how to take it, it will be easier for you to get lean and stay that way. There will be some habits which will need changing so that you can shed your fat stores fast. You will need to learn about that and then follow the guidelines so that you include more of the good foods and avoid the bad foods.

Strength training is important

If you want to sculpt your body and reshape it, then you will need strength training. If you want to maximize your metabolism and lose more fat, strength training will help you to do that. You will need to find the right fitness program for yourself and then follow that program enthusiastically until you achieve your goal of becoming lean.

References

1. Get Lean: Permanent Physique Transformation
2. Increasing Lean Mass and Strength: A Comparison of High Frequency Strength Training to Lower Frequency Strength Training
3. Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes

Having larger breasts have several advantages. It makes you more attractive and sexier to the opposite gender. There are several different methods and processes which can help you to increase the size of your breasts. Food will always play a bigger role in deciding the size of your breasts. Let’s find out more about such foods and what can help you to have larger breasts.

Monounsaturated fats

The breasts are made of epithelial and fat tissue. If you want to stimulate more fat cell production, you will need more healthy fats. Monounsaturated fats will help you by increasing your metabolism and also promoting breast tissue growth. You will find it in foods like olive oil, coconut oil, eggs, avocado and cold water fishes.

Vegetables

Eating vegetables is also beneficial for you when you want to increase the size of your breasts. Kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage are some of the important vegetables that should be included in your diet. They are important for you because they contain lignans in good amounts. You will also need to include leafy green vegetables even though they may not create a substantial difference to breast size, because they will help you by inhibiting testosterone production. More testosterone results in smaller breasts and so you need to inhibit testosterone production in your body. These vegetables will also offer you another health advantage. They will provide you with high levels of antioxidants and vitamins which will not only provide you with a radiant skin but will also build healthy tissues and protect you from free radical damage.

Seeds

If you want to increase the size of your breasts, you will need to eat more seeds. Seeds contain lignan which is phytoestrogen that works in a similar fashion to estrogen. That is why try to include more fennel seeds, flax seeds, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds in your diet and consume them every day. These seeds are specifically chosen because they have the highest lignan content among all the seeds. Lignan is also beneficial for you because it will reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Fruits

Like vegetables, fruits are also essential for you but you need to choose them carefully. You need fruits which have high levels of lignan content. Apples, rest berries, strawberries, cherries, oranges, peaches, plums and melons have higher levels of lignan in them and so you need to include them in your diet.

Nuts

There are different types of nuts that you need to consume every day to increase the size of your breasts. They contain healthy fats, isoflavones and proteins. These isoflavones are similar to estrogen. Estrogen is responsible for the growth and development of your breasts. You need to include almonds, peanuts, chestnuts and pistachios because they contain the highest levels of estrogen.

Seafood

Seafood can also help you to increase the size of your breasts. Includes oysters, prawns, shellfish and seaweed in your diet. They contain high levels of manganese. Manganese is essential for you because it will improve functioning of the thyroid and sex hormones in your body. If you can regulate the hormones in your body, it will nature really improve the cup size of your breasts. That is why, try to include more seafood than before so that you can get the benefit while eating things that are delicious. Oysters are also beneficial for you in another way. They are known aphrodisiac and so you need to have them in your diet for sure.

References

1. Get Larger Breasts
2. Breast Diseases
3. Female Breast Size Attractiveness for Men as a Function of Sociosexual Orientation

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The moment you turn 65, you qualify for Medicare no matter what your medical history looks like and no matter what kind of medical insurance you used. From this point on, you can take advantage of the government’s collective bargaining powers and subsidies at a time when health problems tend to start stacking up.

However, it’s not all good news. As a government program, Medicare has trouble with adapting to new treatments and medications, plus it still has things like copays and deductibles. It’s also a very large and very old program that has built up some complicated rules and red tape over the years. Medicare can be hard to understand and navigate through no matter who you are, so it always helps to know or refresh yourself about the basics.

Medicare Is Not Always Automatic

With an easy requirement like “you must be 65 to join,” you’d think that the government would make signing up for Medicare automatic. However, that’s not the case; many people are working past 65, and others get coverage from their spouse’s health plan, so they might not need Medicare. Still, enrolling in Medicare can help since both plans can help pay the same medical bills.

Medicare Is Not Always Free

Medicare and Social Security have a few things in common. One is that their taxes are counted separately on federal tax returns, and another is that you have to pay these taxes a certain number of times to get the full benefits. For Medicare, if you pay the tax for 40 quarter-years, you can get Part A (hospital insurance) without a premium. Part B (health insurance) isn’t free, but if you qualify for Social Security, the government will automatically deduct the premiums from your Social Security deposits. You could also pay higher premiums if you don’t sign up at 65.

Part C Is Medicare Advantage

Original Medicare includes Part A and Part B coverage. Part C expands on these by offering Medicare Advantage plans run by third-party insurers. These plans cover Medicare basics, but they can also cover things like dental plans, vision, and prescription drug costs. You’ll still pay your Medicare premiums, so Part C plans usually don’t add much to the monthly payments.

You can also choose to get a Medicare supplemental insurance plan, which is different from Medicare Advantage. Medicare supplemental insurance ” or Medigap ” plans cover the deductibles and copays determined by Medicare. They can also help you pay in-network prices at any facility that accepts Medicare. However, you can’t pay for Medicare Advantage and a Medigap plan at the same time.

Part D Covers Prescriptions

Image via Flickr by Thirteen Of Clubs

Back when the United States government first created Medicare, prescription drugs weren’t a big part of medical costs. That’s changed now, especially in the last few years, so Part D showed up in 2003. Like Part C, Part D is optional, but like Parts A and B, you’ll get a penalty if you enroll late. Assuming you aren’t in a Medicare Advantage plan that covers prescription costs, you can join a Part D plan that will help you with drug prices.

Medicare Doesn’t Cover Long-Term Care

As you grow older, you may find yourself unable to do basic things like putting away groceries, cooking, or picking up heavy packages. That’s why many seniors live in assisted-living housing, and just how much assistance they get depends on the housing and how much the tenant can still do. However, the extra help comes with extra costs, and Medicare doesn’t cover these costs. For that, you should get long-term care insurance.

From a distance, Medicare can look like a giant mess. Still, the basics are easy enough to understand, and you can get a lot more coverage than the basics if you take a look at the available plans and carefully consider what you need and what you can afford. If you can do that, you’ll be well on your way to making the most of your Medicare and any Medicare Advantage or Medigap coverage you buy.

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Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is not a particularly common injury — it only affects about three percent of people — but it's still quite serious. It's important to know what you can do to remedy this condition so that, if you do experience it, it doesn't become debilitating.

 

If you don't like the idea of invasive treatments like surgery or steroid injections, there are lots of natural frozen shoulder remedies that you can try first. Five of the most effective remedies are listed below.

What is Frozen Shoulder?

Frozen shoulder occurs when the joint capsule (connective tissues that surround the shoulder bones, tendons, and ligaments) becomes thickened and tightens around the joint.

 

This condition is characterized by pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. This condition develops slowly and can be broken down into the following three stages:

 

  • Freezing stage: During this stage, any movement of the shoulder causes pain and range of motion becomes limited

  • Frozen stage: Pain begins to diminish, but the shoulder becomes stiffer and more difficult to use

  • Thawing stage: Range of motion begins to improve

 

Each stage typically lasts for several months.

What Causes Frozen Shoulder?

In many cases, there's not a clear cause of frozen shoulder. However, researchers have found that some people are more prone to frozen shoulder than others.

 

Some common risk factors of frozen shoulder include:

 

  • Age and sex: People over the age of 40 — especially women — are likely to experience frozen shoulder

  • Prolonged immobility or reduced mobility from rotator cuff injuries, fractures, or strokes

  • Systemic diseases like diabetes, thyroid disorders, cardiovascular disease, Parkinson's disease, and tuberculosis

How to Treat Frozen Shoulder Naturally

These natural remedies can help you minimize the symptoms of frozen shoulder so you can reduce your symptoms and improve your mobility without side effects.

1. Heat

What better way to counteract something frozen than by adding heat?

 

Applying a warm compress to your shoulder, taking a hot shower, or soaking in a warm bath can help loosen up your muscles and reduce stiffness.

 

While you're applying heat, try to move your shoulder in small circles to keep blood flowing to the area.

2. Acupuncture

Acupuncture is an eastern remedy that many people swear by for treating everything from pain and inflammation to digestive disorders and depression.

 

For people with frozen shoulder, acupuncture can promote relaxation and speed up the healing process.

 

Many people are intimidated by acupuncture and are worried about having needles stuck in their body. Remember, though, that the needles the acupuncturist uses are very thin. Most people don't feel anything when they're inserted.

3. Bracing

You don't have to completely give up exercise and your favorite activities when you're dealing with frozen shoulder. In fact, it's important to keep moving so that you can keep inflammation in the shoulder down.

 

That being said, it's important to take steps to avoid making your symptoms worse.

 

If you're going to participate in exercise or some other kind of activity, be sure to wear a shoulder brace to prevent re-injury. Shoulder braces stabilize the joint and provide a bit of compression, which can improve blood flow to the injured area.

4. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation — also known as TENS — is a type of therapy that involves having tiny electrical currents delivered to specific points on the nerve pathways. If you try this therapy, you'll have small electrodes taped to the skin around your shoulder joint.

 

TENS therapy isn't painful or harmful. It simply stimulates the nerves and signals the release of endorphins to help minimize the discomfort that is caused by frozen shoulder. TENS therapy can also block the specific fibers that carry pain impulses.

5. Anti-Inflammatory Supplements

Finally, instead of relying on potentially damaging anti-inflammatory drugs, try using natural supplements that help reduce inflammation in the body.

 

Some of the best anti-inflammatory supplements include:

 

  • Turmeric

  • Omega-3 fatty acids (such as fish oil capsules)

  • Coenzyme Q10 (a natural antioxidant)

  • Magnesium

 

It's also good to consume anti-inflammatory, nutrient-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, olive oil, coconut oil, grass-fed beef, and wild-caught fish. Probiotic-rich foods and drinks like kefir, kombucha, sauerkraut, and kimchi are also good to include.