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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.




Complementary Reading

Having health issues is no fun to begin with and trying to get life insurance just makes things harder. It is no surprise that the younger and healthier you are the cheaper the rates are for life insurance. The older you get, the more health issues seem to pop up out of nowhere. As we get older we also begin to worry about life insurance. So, how does one get life insurance when there are health complications?

1. Take care of yourself.

There are certain things that will raise red flags when you are applying for life insurance. Some of these things are obesity, diabetes, heart issues, high blood pressure, and more. If you are not already taking care of yourself, it is time to start. If you do some exercise then do it. All it takes is going for a walk daily or maybe staying in your home and exercising there.

You will also want to be eating right and watching your weight. The healthier you eat the better chances your weight will remain where it should be. If you are obese, consult with your physician on diet and exercise. The better state of health you are in the better chances of being accepted for life insurance at affordable rates.

2. Do not apply right after an illness or emergency.

If you have just had a heart attack or stroke you may not even be accepted but if you are then you will be paying unaffordable prices. Over time, you will get your health under control and this is the time to apply for insurance. If your rates have gone up due to a heart attack or something else ask for a reexamination. If your health has returned and it is normal then your rates should drop. Be sure to ask your agent and get the answer in writing. There will be times when we all get sick but in this instance, they are talking about life threatening issues.

3. Do your research.

Finding the right agent can make all the difference in the world. You may also want to search for a good life insurance agent who uses a broker. The broker will have the upper hand in knowing what life insurance companies are more willing to accept you and at a better price. It may not be easy to get a senior life insurance with health problems, but it can be done.

If the first few companies that you try have high fees or say no, just keep looking. Every life insurance company has different underwriters and they are not all the same by any means. It is better to do all of the research and then make the choice of what life insurance you would like to have. Getting the life insurance you desire can be possible.

If you seem to be finding companies that are not willing to work with you then ask your friends and family.


Your brain may be several teaching your efforts to lose fat. Let’s find out how it is doing that.

Everything should be perfect

When you are trying to lose weight, if you think that everything should be perfect than it may be a big problem for you. If you believe that you should be able to completely adhere to the dietary restriction, should be able to perfectly follow the workout regime it may be the root cause of why you are not losing weight. In an ideal world, you should not have any problem in completely following the dietary rules. If you try to be perfect, it may mean you will not be able to sustain your efforts. Circumstances may be difficult and in one or two instances you may not be able to completely follow those rules. That should be completely fine with you. It is not a sign of failure; rather it means that you are adaptable and flexible enough.

Body transformation happens first

Whatever body transformations you are looking for, it will happen slowly. Body transformations do not happen fast. If you are waiting to see the size of your belly goes down or changes in the areas where you have more fat, within a month, probably you will be disappointed. It may need more time. Even though you may not like to hear that it takes some time to see any transformation, but that is the truth. If you understand that, it will be easier for you to accept it and accordingly adjust your expectations. And if you can do that, you will not be disappointed. The progress may be slow but if you continue doing that, you will see results and positive results. Instead of focusing on the time, your focus should be on the final objective that you have, which is to lose fat and to have a better body.

Even though some programs may promise you that it will provide faster results, you may need to go to extremes to achieve that. It may mean consuming extremely low calories, spending 12 hours in the gym or any such extreme things. Probably you will not have time to do that or not the willpower to follow such programs.

You have endless willpower

Even though you think that you have endless willpower, it is not true. You probably have enough willpower to restrict yourself from having those cookies and junk foods or the cold drinks. But your willpower has a limit and you can use a certain amount of willpower every day. There are different situations in your life where you need to use your willpower besides using it to follow the dietary restriction and to exercise regularly. If you are using your willpower in some other cases, you may not have any left for focusing on your weight loss journey. You are probably having a bland diet without much of oil, sugar and spices. So, continuing with that diet to lose weight may become very difficult for you and you may suddenly find yourself completely avoiding your previously strong determination to lose weight.

This is a short-term gig

You may think that this is a short term gig, but it is not. It is a lifetime thing that you need to do. You simply cannot discontinue your diet and exercise program once you reach your destination of losing fat. This is a lifestyle that you will need to accept and adopt.


1. Full Throttle Fat Loss
2. Interested in Losing Weight?
3. Overweight, obesity, and weight loss

The following ways will help you to build a better body. Let’s find out what can help you when you are trying to create the perfect body for yourself.

Know your body

Is very important for you to know your body before you create the desired body. Yoga can help you to find out more about your own body. Stretching will also help you to see how flexible your body is and what are the problem areas. The fluidic movements in yoga and stretching will help you to get in touch with different parts of your body and it will ensure that you know about your body more than you do now.

Take a look at your diet

You are what you eat. And so you have to be very careful about what you are eating. Your diet will decide whether you will have the desired body or not. If you want to look toned, trim and awesome, then probably you need to change your existing diet. You will need complete awareness of what foods you are putting in your mouth. You don’t need fad diets or you don’t have to follow a specific diet because the diet will depend on your present body state. A dietician or an expert will be able to help you to find out what you need to include in your diet and what you need to exclude so as to get the desired shape. Generally nutritious and wholesome foods should be included in your diet if you want to be healthy and get in shape. It is very important to ensure that your internal system of the body is also at the best state possible.

Be positive

Being positive will help you tremendously in your journey to build a better body and look awesome. How your body looks will depend on perception. It will depend on your perception and perception of other people. You can always control your perception. If you feel that you do not look good, you will probably never looked good. Your attitude will actually decide how you look and how other people perceive you. That’s why, it is very important to keep your attitude positive all the time. Your confidence will decide a lot how you look like. If you can stand and walk tall, you will definitely look better.

Understand that your body is unique

It is very important for you to understand that your body is unique and so you may be different from other people. Your genes and the environment will decide how you look like. It is very important for you to accept your body as it is right now because only then you can change your body. You need to make the most of what you have and enjoy the process.

Track your progress

Whatever you are doing to improve your body and shape, you need to track your progress. If you are eating a specific diet and if you are exercising regularly, it is very important for you to track the progress. Only then you will be able to know whether you are progressing on not and if you are going to the right direction. Measuring your weight, height, flexibility, strength, energy levels and such other variables will help you to have a better idea about the present condition and it will also help you to gradually progress towards the best body that you want to achieve.


1. Fast Physique
2. How to Eat Healthy
3. Physical activity


The following components are very important for any firefighter because these components are the basic part of their fitness and fitness is very important for them because of the conditions they work in. There were condition is not something common in general and so they need a different type of fitness to do their job. Let’s find out what are these components they need.

Cardiorespiratory endurance

Cardiovascular training is very important for firefighters. These exercises are essential for them because they improve the ability of the lungs to provide oxygen and at the same time they also improve the ability of the heart and vessels to supply blood to the tissues. When you have this type of fitness, you will be able to perform vigorous physical activities for extended periods of time in extreme environmental conditions. It is possible to increase cardiovascular fitness by performing regular aerobic exercise. Frequency, time, intensity and type will decide what type of aerobic exercise is more effective for you. Some of the common activities include jogging, cycling, brisk walking, rope skipping, stair climbing, cross-country skiing, aerobics, rowing, swimming etc.

Muscular fitness

Muscular fitness is definitely a very plus point for firefighters because they often need to carry heavy equipment and carry other people to safe places. They need to always heavy lifting and moving when in suffocating, insulated clothing. So, a firefighter needs high strength and endurance. Since you need to move your body to different positions, you need strong muscles and so it is very important to have muscular fitness. Your exercise should be able to offer you three things-strength, which is the maximum amount of force a muscle can generate; power, which means ability to move loads quickly and endurance, ability and of the muscles to repeat contractions for a long duration of time. Strength training can help you to create more muscular fitness while making you look better. Such


Both flexibility and balance are very critical for a firefighter. A firefighter needs to be in the physical potential and that is possible only when you have flexibility and balance. Flexibility is nothing but the ability of a joint to move through its full range of motion and it is also very important for anyone for general fitness and wellness. It is important for firefighters because it involves strenuous physical activity, working in unsafe and slippery conditions, restrictive areas, heavy loads and need rapid movements. Stretching is very important for you because that will help you to improve your flexibility by increasing your balance. Flexibility will reduce the risk of injury, increase physical efficiency and performance, improve balance and posture, increase circulation, and reduce stress and tension besides doing other things.

Body composition

Physical fitness for firefighters include body composition. In simple terms it is the percentage of body fat to fat free mass which includes muscle and bone in your body. You need a minimum amount of body fat in your body so that it can caution and protect your body organs from injury. These are known as adipose tissues. They also have other important roles to play in your body. They can store energy and when there is a metabolic demand, they can also release energy as per the demand.

If you are consuming more calories than you need for your daily activities, exercise and other things, the excess energy will be stored as body fat. If too much fat is stored, the body cells size will increase and it may result in higher number of fat cells in the body. That is why, you will need to take care of your diet and ensure that you are not consuming more energy than you need.


1. Firefighter Fitness- Workouts For Firefighters, Emts And Medics
2. Functional Firefighter Fitness
3. Firefighter Fitness Standards

Easy Yet Proven Methods To Treat Varicose Veins

Many people are seen coming over to the doctors with complaints about varicose veins. These are veins which are tortuous and dilated veins that run beneath the skin of the legs and are apparent. Even though they’re benign, one may desire to get rid of them as a result of beauty motives. Many women are in a challenge to deal with them.

Why Do Varicose Veins Form?

Varicose veins in most cases run in families. As a consequence, if you have people in the family having them, you are more likely to get them.

There are valves that act as doorways and run in the veins to push the blood again to the heart up from the legs. When such a doorway is flappy, fluid tends to build up within the veins. That makes them come out bigger than normal.

Varicose veins can bring about signs and symptoms such as slight swelling of the legs, skin tightening or itching sensation within the legs and heavy leg sensation.

How To Get Rid of Them

One would have spent a long day on their feet after which they might find slight swelling. This can be remedied by elevating your legs. Place some pillows under your legs at the end of the day.

Place Ice

Using ice can constrict the blood vessels of the leg. If there’s swelling or soreness you can apply an ice pack over the swollen veins

Pain Medicines

You can take pain medicines that can help with inflammation, such as ibuprofen. These pain medicines can decreasing infection or swelling within the legs. However, ask your doctor first before trying out these medicines.

Compression Stockings

These stockings are often available in pharmacies and medical shops. They help tighten the skin of the legs which can compress the veins so that blood will be pumped back to the heart well. They furnish help to the veins and allow the blood to maneuver up more without difficulty in the direction of the heart.


You can also do some exercises to decrease varicose vein formation and improve blood circulation in the body. You can do common cardiovascular exercises to restrict the blood flow from pooling within the varicose veins. If you do these cardio exercises daily, your blood circulation may improve.

Examples of cardio exercises include running, brisk walking, swimming, biking, working out on cardio equipment and aerobic classes or DVDs.


Unfortunately, not every person can boast of decent skills in diagnosis and treatment of diseases. In this case, most of the urgent care services like AG Urgent Care would be less necessary. In the real world, we do need medical specialists to help in identification and treatment of issues related to our health.

A human back is a complicated structure consisting of a spine, miscellaneous muscles, and nerves. People who choose an active lifestyle accompanied by sports activities and versatile muscular exercises can face a problem of a back pain. Though in most cases, this issue is a result of a muscle pull or a pinched nerve, other scenarios can be rather hazardous to your health. On this account, let’s review signs and symptoms when an urgent care should not be neglected.


Believe or not, your back may hurt not only because of influenza. Sometimes a significant rise in body temperature is the sequence of a severe infection. If you have a doubt that a simple cold can cause such fever, do not hesitate and call your physician to avoid adverse consequences.

Serious Injury

Almost every sports activity is linked with serious damages to the body. You may hurt your back on a football pitch, basketball court, gym and other facilities. Besides, such actions as riding a bicycle, roller-skating, ice-skating, skiing, and others are also considered an accustomed way to get a back injury. So, if you understand that the trauma you have experienced is rather serious, try not to delay your visit to a medical facility.

Pins And Needles

The spine is an essential element of a nervous system. Therefore, such symptoms as tingling, numbness, and others evidence that your back is not all right. Reasons are various including spinal stenosis, hernia nuclei pulposi, spinal curvature etc. Unfortunately, you will have to visit a healthcare specialist, a bone doctor in particular. However, it is better to consult a physician to brush away any other reasons of your back pain.

Violation of Bladder Function

Have you heard about a disease called cauda equina syndrome? I wish you would not because this is a serious medical condition associated with a loss of some body functions like bladder, bowel, and others. The essence of this issue it the compression of nerve roots in the spinal cord. Reasons include a fracture, herniated disk, spinal stenosis, back trauma, tumor etc. Moreover, the progress of this state may result in a weakness of legs. In this case, it is highly recommended to seek a medical help as urgent as possible.

Foot Drop

Another significant sign of the urgency to have a medical examination is foot drop. This state is a symptom of some nerve or musculature issues, as well as brain problem. If you experience your toes dragging along the ground while walking, you are obviously in need of a professional treatment.

Unfortunately, no insurance can prevent or compensate any consequences associated with the health issues. On this account, be attentive to your back and overall health.