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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Complementary Reading

Nutrition is a vital element of surf raining because you need fitness and healthy body for surf training. You stay long in the water and to stay injury free, and to maintain your energy levels, you will need to focus on the nutrition part. A balanced diet is very important for surfers and you will have two find the right balance diet for you. If you want to get enough fuel for the next four hours surf session, you will have to understand and take a close look at your diet.

Eat real whole foods

Eating real whole foods will help you to get more energy, stay active, and stay fit for the staff sport of surfing. And surf training is no different. You will need fruits, vegetables, quality proteins and fats in your diet. You will need to eliminate all processed foods and excessive sugar from the existing diet.

Stay hydrated

Is very important for you to stay hydrated during your surfing training. You need a rehydrating drink to ensure that you are not dehydrated in anyway. However, do not include soda, sports drinks and artificially flavoured liquids in this drink list. They are not good for your body and they will not help you to stay healthy. You can simply squeeze a lemon lime or orange into clean water and then add a pinch of salt and that will help you more to rehydrate yourself in comparison to the drinks available in the market. Drink clean water and that’ll be good for you because it does not add any extra calories and on the other hand will keep you properly hydrated.

Eat breakfast

Before you go for surf raining or for surfing, you should eat your something. If you do not feel comfortable with a full stomach, you can still have something before going for surfing. Eating a piece of fruit or some nuts or a small meal is very important. The food will provide you with the necessary fuel to continue your training and surfing. On flat surfing days, he can eat a very good quality breakfast that contains protein, fruit, vegetables and healthy fats.

Learn cooking

Learning cooking will help you in different ways. First of all, you will eat what you want to eat. It’ll be easier for you to add the elements which are very important for you.

Eat well-balanced meals

You will need to eat well-balanced meals throughout the day. A well-balanced meal will include proteins, carbohydrates and good fats in the required proportion. Good fats are available in vegetable oils and other such good sources.

At quality fats

First of all, reduce your consumption of processed vegetable oils. Instead, you can eat quality fats. Some good sources of quality fats include organic olive oils, coconut oils, avocados, grass fed butter and ghee. For a better working nervous system, you will need quality saturated fat. Such a fat will also help you and your immune system function, hormone pathways and overall health.

Buy local and organic

Whenever you are buying something for your meals, try to buy local, fresh and organic. Organic vegetables, meats and other products are very important for your better health. When you buy them locally, you are getting them fresh and possibly organic. It will also help you to avoid any processed foods and preservatives in such foods which are not at all good for your healthy body. Eating healthier, pesticide free vegetables will definitely help you by providing you with the necessary nutrients, vitamins and other important elements.

References

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We sometimes make some mistakes which may result in insomnia. But if you know about those mistakes, it will be possible for you to eliminate the possibility of making those mistakes. So, let’s find out what all the mistakes that you need to avoid to avoid or get rid of insomnia.

I have to sleep

After climbing into bed you keep thinking in your mind “I have to sleep, I have to sleep.” If this is the case with fewer like many other people, then probably this simple thought is causing insomnia in your case. If you keep thinking ”I have so much to do and I have to sleep now, otherwise I will not be able to tackle the day tomorrow,” you will unfortunately lay awake for hours.

It is important for your brain to be able to ”switch off” and relax and that part should happen at least two hours before you go to bed. So, it means you cannot completely focus your attention on something which can raise your stress levels because that will keep you from being able to relax and in that case you will not be able to sleep. Do not do anything that will increase your anxiety just before bed. Reading a book, watching something or having fun in it any other way will help you to sleep better.

Erratic schedules

If you have erratic sleep schedules, it is going to cause insomnia. Your body likes routine and habits because they helped your body with the basic needs such as consumption of food and sleep cycles. It is always better to go to bed at the same time every night. Sticking to a pattern and the stable schedule will definitely help you to sleep better and peacefully. If you can go to sleep by 10:30 to 11 pm every day, it will help you to sleep easily, sleep better and keep away insomnia.

Your dinner

What you ate in the dinner will also decide how good your sleep is. If you have eaten something which will take too long to get digested, then probably you will have sleep problems. Your dinner should be lighter, so that your stomach can easily digest them. Your dinner should have protein but that should be easy to digests and fat-free. Soups, fish, steamed vegetables are some of the good choices for your dinner diet. If possible, try to avoid precooked meals for your dinner. Even though they are easy to prepare, they generally contain high amounts of preservatives and refined ingredients, which are not only bad for your health but can also result in insomnia. So, to avoid insomnia, avoid those precooked meals.

Electronic devices

Today, electronic devices play a very important role in our lives. We cannot live without them. But these devices are one of the major reasons of insomnia in many people. There are so many things that you need to do using your mobile phone, tablet or other electronic devices. But the problem is that such electronic device screens can overstimulate your brain with electromagnetic waves and if that happens, you will not be able to sleep. These devices will cause more trouble than your TV because there is a good distance from your TV while you are watching and severe brain is not as much stimulated as a is when other electronic devices are used. It is always better to start reading a book and that will help you to sleep faster and better and keep you away from insomnia.

References

1. Sleeptracks Sleep Optimization Program
2. Insomnia – overview
3. Negative Impacts of Shiftwork and Long Work Hours

If you want to build muscles and at the same time want to lose fat, metabolic resistance training can help you to do that. MRT has many benefits and it can help you tremendously in transforming your body. It is a term that covers different combinations of intense, efficient cardiovascular and muscular training. There may be supersets, circuits, low rest, speed and compound movements. Both aerobic and anaerobic exercises are included in it.

MRT basics

Crunch time

First, MRT focuses on packing more exercises into less than. You can achieve that by using high repetitions (15-20 wraps per set) and reducing the rest time between sets. It is very important to train at maximal or near maximum levels in case of efforts, so that you can optimise your results from the work schedule. It may be necessary to take your most of the sets to muscular failure so that you can get the maximum benefit out of the workouts each and every day.

More muscles, more energy

MRT is a total body routine and in each session you will work on major muscles. It is very important to get more muscles worked during your workout because it will increase your metabolic cost. That is why multi-joint exercises are always included in such a workout regime. You will need to involve more muscles and as a result of that you will gain more energy. Always go for compound movements like squats, presses and rows. In case of arms and calves, you can perform single joint movements. Exercising three days a week should be good enough for you because that will give you enough time for adequate recuperation.

MRT routines

If you go for the tried and true MRT strategies, it will help you to remove the stubborn fat from your body and increase your energy. It will be advisable for you to stick to one strategy for certain period of time to see the maximum results. Then you can change the strategy and perform the new strategy for sometime. Do not over train yourself because that is also not good for you. You can have an unloading cycle in between two strategies which may run for one week. During this time, you need to reduce the efforts, which means you are not utilizing all the energy and you are not challenging your muscles to the maximum level possible. It is also important for you to understand that there is a general rule pertaining to MRT routines. It says that you need to limit metabolic training cycles to a maximum of eight weeks. If you go beyond that, it is possible that you will compromise your muscular gains and you don’t want to do that.

Speedy too slowly

When you are performing repetitions during your sets, you should do that at a moderately fast tempo. Even though many people may tell you that super slow training is very important for increasing metabolic effects, the studies done on that topic show otherwise. When you are performing concentric lifts, you should perform them as explosively as possible but do not forget to keep your technique clean.

During the eccentric reps, when you lower the weight, it should be performed slower. When you do that, your muscles will resist reputational pool and performing eccentric exercise in this way will have a significant effect on MRT. If you do not lower the weights with control, you will not get the desired results.

References

1. Omega Body Blueprint
2. The Role of Exercise and Physical Activity in Weight Loss and Maintenance
3. Effects of aerobic and/or resistance training on body mass and fat mass in overweight or obese adults

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Are you looking for foodstuff that will tickle your taste buds and keep you fit and healthy at the same time? If yes, then you should subscribe to the monthly healthy subscription boxes as they will meet all these needs. Healthy subscription boxes make it easy for you to access healthy delicious foodstuff at all times. These gift boxes are rounded up with food and drinks made of ingredients that are good for your health. Therefore, making healthy eating a breeze. The following are some of the food boxes that you could subscribe to and have them delivered to you. All of these subscription boxes offer great coupons for first time subscribers, for the most up to date offers we recommend you visit https://couponcause.com before you subscription.

 

  1. Love With Food

Price: Starting from $7.99

What is inside: All-natural snacks including Snapea Crisps, Chipotle, and Almonds.

This gift box allows you to enjoy eight or even more all-natural snacks. Some of the snacks you get monthly include Snapea Crisps, Chipotle, and Almonds. The most exciting thing about Subscribing to Love With Food is that for every box bought, the company donates a meal to a food bank that is within the country; these donations benefit the hungry children making it a great cause.

  1. 2. Plated

Price: 3 dinners for 2 costs $72 weekly.

What is inside: Seasonal recipes and full meals.

If you love cooking, then Plated is for you. Plated is a full meal subscription box that offers you seasonal recipes that specially gathered for you. Also, the ingredients, recipes and full meals will be delivered right to your doorstep every week.

  1. Butcher box

Price: Starts from $129/month.

What is inside: Assorted easy to cook meat.

In Butcher box, you will find a balanced assortment of easy to cook meat such as Denver steak, chicken breasts, and many other exciting pieces. This box also allows you to choose from a vast range of 12 add-ons you could use to spice it all up. Buy a butcher box and say goodbye to worries about the origin of the meat you are about to consume.

  1. 4. Urthbox

Price: Starts from $149.

What is inside: Beverages, healthy snacks, and other lifetime items.

When you sign up for this monthly subscription box, Urthbox will deliver 7 to 10 beverages, healthy snacks, and other lifestyle items right at your doorstep. Nutritionists and dieticians select all products in this subscription box making it an ideal choice for healthy living.

  1. 5. Hello Fresh

Price: Family plan at $8.74 per meal (great choice for picky eaters), Classic plan at $9.99 per meal (you can choose recipes from the weekly menu), and the vegetarian plan at $9.99 per meal (meatless meals).

What is inside: pre-measured ingredients, step-by-step recipe.

Hello Fresh sends all its subscribers healthy ingredients and recipes meant to make at least three meals for 2 or even four people. You receive a step-by-step recipe with pre-measured ingredients that will help you cook delicious meals.

IBS

Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS affects millions of people. People can get it in their late teens to early 40s. It’s a combination of different belly discomfort or pain and trouble at bowel habits. It may be going to the bathroom more or less often than the normal or having a different type of stool. Even though it is not life-threatening, it can be a long-lasting problem and it may affect your lifestyle. It may impact your activeness, effectiveness and daily life.

Some of the most common symptoms of IBS

  • This is the most common symptoms generally seen in case of people suffering from IBS
  • Diarrhoea
  • Constipation
  • belly pains or cramps which is generally seen in the lower half of the belly. This pain may get worse after meals and it feels better after a bowel movement.
  • Constipation alternating with diarrhoea
  • Bloating or a lot of gas
  • Harder or loses tools than normal
  • Sticking out of the belly

These symptoms can get worse. If you are always under stress, they can make your condition worse. Some people may suffer from urinary symptoms or sexual problems.

This condition has four types- IBS with constipation (IBS-C), IBS with diarrhea (IBS-D), mixed IBS (IBS-M) and unsubtyped IBS or IBS-U. People suffering from mixed IBS have an alternating pattern of constipation and diarrhea. People who do not fit in any of the three categories are included in the IBS-U category.

Causes of IBS

There may be several causes or triggers of IBS. Studies have found that if the colon gets hypersensitive, it can overreact to mild stimulation. When that happens, instead of slow, rhythmic muscle movements, the muscles in the bowel spasm. That can result in diarrhoea or constipation.

According to other studies IBS happens if the muscles in the bowels don’t squeeze normally. It affects the movement of stool. According to another theory, IBS involves chemicals made by the body. Serotonin and gastrin, which are responsible for controlling nerve signals between the brain and digestive tract may be responsible for the condition.

Researchers are also studying if certain bacteria in the bowels are causing this condition. Since IBS is seen more in case of women, other researchers are also studying the roles of hormones in IBS.

Diagnosis of IBS

No specific lab test can diagnose IBS. The doctors will take a look at the symptoms and try to match that with the definition of IBS. There may be some tests necessary for proper diagnosis. Diagnosis will rule out conditions like

  • Food allergies or intolerances. Some people may have lactose intolerance and poor dietary habits and as a result of that similar symptoms may appear.
  • Medicines may cause similar bowel problems. Some medicines like high blood pressure medicines, iron and certain antacids can cause similar reactions and show similar symptoms.
  • Infection
  • enzyme deficiencies. In such case, pancreas is not releasing enough enzymes for proper digestion and breaking down of foods.
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases may also show similar symptoms. Such diseases like ulcerative qualities or Crohn’s disease may result in similar issues.

The following tests are generally conducted to find out if you are suffering from irritable bowel syndrome.

  • Flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. It helps to find signs of blockage or inflammation in the intestines.
  • X-rays
  • upper endoscopy if you are suffering from heartburn or indigestion.
  • Blood tests which will help the doctor to find if you are suffering from anaemia, thyroid problems or any infection.
  • Stool tests etc.

References

1. The Ibs Miracle ™ With Free 3 Months Consultations
2. Symptoms & Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
3. Eating, Diet, & Nutrition for Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Eat a breakfast beneficial for skin

When you are having breakfast, we can make sure that your breakfast is going to help your skin. It is important for you to include almonds in your breakfast. They contain essential fatty acids which can prevent inflammation on your skin, which accelerates fine lines, blotchiness and sagging. You can also include salmon, halibut and tuna in your dinner because they are also good for your skin.

Reduce sweet stuffs

If you want to have better skin, you will need to reduce sweet stuffs. When sugars breakdowns the process can damage the collagen which are important in keeping your skin smooth and firm. This is a natural process but you can control it by always consuming low glycaemic carbs such as whole grains. They generally contain low sugar content and your body will process them slowly and as a result you will lose less collagen.

Spray dryness away

If you want to keep your skin supple, you will need to spray with water, spring water or rose water. You will need to do it several times daily. If the water you are sprinkling on your face contains minerals like selenium, it will offer you protection from UV damage.

Reduce stress

If you really want great skin, you will need to reduce stress because stress can cause several problems for your skin. If you have too much of stress, it will increase hormone production which will result in breakouts are aggravated different skin problems such as psoriasis. If you can control your stress, it’ll be possible to keep your skin calm. Whatever way works for you, you can use that to reduce your stress.

Yoga

There are different Yoga poses which can help you to improve your skin condition and maintain skin health for longer duration. Yoga moves like child’s pose, downward facing dog and Sun salutations unknown to improve your blood circulation, which will increase flow of oxygen to your skin. And that’s why many yoga practitioners have lovely yoga glow on their skin. Yoga is also helpful for your skin because it will reduce the inflammation and stress which result in skin ageing.

Pumping iron will help you

If you want better skin, pumping iron can help you to do that. Strength training will help you to keep your skin looking better. It is specially useful for people who are getting old. You will have firmer skin from the neck down because you will have more supportive muscle tone. People who regularly pump iron or go for strength training, they generally have farmer and toned skin, which make them look better than other people with saggy skin.

Keep skincare at bed side

It is important to keep your skincare products at bed side because that will ensure that you are not missing on your evening routine. Sometimes you may find it very difficult to apply the evening routine and sometimes you may be too tired to do it in the place where you keep your skin care products. If you keep some of the skincare products at bedside which you apply in the evening, it’ll be possible for you to use them while in bed.

Drink tea

Drinking tea might help you to improve your skin and maintain skin health. If you want to safeguard your skin, you will need to drink a few cups of tea every day. It is useful for you because it contains protective compounds such as EGCG and theaflavins. Such elements are important because they can prevent skin cancer is and also reduce breakdown of collagen, which means you will have less wrinkles.

References

1. Skintervention Guide: Purely Paleo Skincare
2. Skin Care and Aging
3. Dry skin – self-care