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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Complementary Reading

3

 

To gain the most from an exercise regimen, the routine needs to be done consistently. Many forms of exercise become tedious and are more of a chore than a challenge. Cycling is a form of exercise than can be constantly modified to present new challenges and provide a constant change of scenery. As people are becoming more economically and environmentally aware, many are discovering, or rediscovering, cycling as a means of becoming fit as there are many benefits that comes with it.

 

The Basics

 

According to the Mayo Clinic, a minimum of 2 ½ hours a week is required to obtain and preserve good physical and cardiovascular fitness. Experience and ability should be taken into consideration prior to plotting out a bike route. Beginners or those getting back into cycling might want to opt for flat terrain with minimal automotive and pedestrian traffic while the experienced rider will appreciate the challenge of conquering steeper hills or maneuvering through city traffic.

 

Cycling is a great way to build leg strength and cardio endurance, but does not do as much for the upper body. W.D. Adkins, of Livestrong.com, suggests that cyclists incorporate a weight training program as part of their exercise regimen to maximize the benefit of physical activity and minimize the risk of injury.

Stretching prior to riding is also recommended to minimize the risk of muscle strain. Muscles that have been warmed up are less likely to cramp. For maximum benefit, stretches should be slow and gentle, not jerky or forced.

 

The Benefits

 

*Cardiovascular Health

Cycling gets the heart pumping, benefitting the heart itself as well as the blood vessels and the organs that are critically dependent on a strong, steady supply of blood. Regular cardio exercise helps to prevent or hasten the progress of diseases related to poor cardiovascular health such as Coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and peripheral vascular disease.

 

* Multiple Muscle Conditioning

 

When peddling a bicycle, the main muscles used are the quadriceps, hamstrings, and, to a lesser degree, the calf muscles. However, those are not the only muscles that become engaged during cycling. When cycling, the stomach should be pulled toward the lower back, with the torso elongated and the chest lifted. This positioning strengthens both the back and abdominal muscles as the muscles constantly work together to keep itself upright and balanced.

 

*Stress and Anxiety Reduction

 

According to ADAA.org, there is scientific evidence that people who are physically active have lower rates of anxiety and depression than people who are sedentary. One study found that people who exercise regularly are 25 percent less likely to experience depression or anxiety over the next five years. It has also been found that regular exercise may improve mental health by boosting the brain, helping it to better cope with stress.

 

*Ease Depression Symptoms

 

Exercise such as cycling has physical has benefits that can ease some of the symptoms of depression. While exercising, naturally-occurring chemicals such as neurotransmitters, endorphins, and endocannabinoids are released in the body. According to the Mayo Clinic, these “feel-good” brain chemicals often create a sense of well-being and contentment.

 

The social interaction involved with cycling can also be a mood changer. Riding with cycling groups, meeting new people, or just exchanging a nod and a smile with a fellow cyclist can negate some of the feelings of solitude and isolation that comes with depression. While a diagnosis of clinical depression often requires a medical prescription as part of its treatment, easing some of the symptoms with cycling is a bonus that accompanies the physical benefits of the sport.

 

The Bike

 

It is important to choose the appropriate bike for the type of cycling you plan to do. There are four main categories of bicycles: Mountain Bikes, Road Bikes, Hybrid Bikes, and Cruisers. A bike size is based on the style of the bike, and the build and inseam of the rider. The reach between the seat and the handlebars should be comfortable. Your arms should not have to stretch to the point of being uncomfortable to reach the grips. Having the proper seat height eliminates undue joint stress and muscle strain.

 

Because most bikes are built for men, women may have special considerations when selecting a proper bike fit such as shorter arms and legs, longer torsos, or smaller size and weight. However, there are many information on bikes for women, where you can look for the one that will fit you most.

3

Even though dealing with erectile dysfunction may be awkward and embarrassing for many people, women can take a very important role in finding a solution for erectile dysfunction problem of her partner.

One for the first time your partner is not able to get the erection, various thoughts may show up in your head. You may think that-I am not attractive anymore,¯ easy having an affair?¯ Is he gay,¯ he's not attracted to me anymore.¯ However, actually it may be just a simple case of erectile dysfunction or ED. And there are different solutions available for such problems.

Understanding the feeling

Women need to understand how the men feel about erectile dysfunction. It's a big blow to his ego and self esteem and it's very embarrassing. As such, communication about sex can be very awkward for many people and when erectile dysfunction happens, it can be worse.

Many people who suffer from erectile dysfunction goes into denial at first and that can complicate things more. If you're denying something, it is more likely that you're not going to seek professional treatment for your problem. Having a problem with erection is very shameful and embarrassing for many men and it complicates the matter. As a woman you can try to understand the feelings of your partner and help him in finding the right solution for his problem.

Because we have a social image of man, which is strong and rugged, erectile dysfunction becomes more than a medical condition. It becomes a matter of pride and so as a woman you need to be very careful while discussing this problem with your man.

What may be the main cause?

Various factors are attributed to erectile dysfunction problem. Different underlying issues may result in this problem. Issues like Stress at work or home, concern about job stability may also result in erectile dysfunction problem. Sometimes it may happen for no reason at all. After one or two incidents, it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy. Instead of being in an arousal, men are more tensed and anxious about their performance because it did not happen well the last one or two times. To have a proper erection your partner need to be relaxed. When your partner is anxious, tensed or fearful, the problem may become bigger. If it is happening recurrently, then you need to take your partner to a doctor.

Can you help him?

You can actually help him. You can not only give him the necessary psychological support at this crucial juncture, you can also take him to a doctor and get the necessary medical help. Since your man will be in denial, it may be a big task to get him to a doctor and talk openly about it. You need to see a doctor to ensure that there is no medical condition that is causing erectile dysfunction problem. High blood pressure, heart or thyroid problems, diabetes or any nerve related problems can also cause erectile dysfunction in men. Your doctor will be able to find out if your partner is suffering from any of these problems and if such medical conditions are causing any trouble with your sex life.

While talking to your partner, you have to be very gentle and not focus on the performance aspects. You can also accompany him to the doctor and help him understand that some simple medicines may also cure this problem. You should never blame him or become furious with him for not performing because that will worsen the situation. If you stay positive, it will help him to become positive as well.

References

  1.  Rock Hard Protocol

2. Erectile Dysfunction

3.What I need to know about Erectile Dysfunction

4

It is seen that in most of the mesothelioma cases, patients forget to care about nutrition. That may be a big mistake because nutrition is what will help you keep going on with your life. Nutrition will help you to fight mesothelioma and make the treatment more effective. In mesothelioma cases, patients will need to take care of their body so that they can more effectively fight against the disease. Let's find out how mesothelioma patients can improve their nutrition.

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Talk to an oncology nutritionist

Be sure you make any changes to your existing diet, whether you add or eliminate some of the foods you are eating, it is always important to talk to a oncology nutritionist, which is a specialist in treating cancer patients. Instead of a general nutritionist, you need a oncology nutritionist because only he/she will know what is good for you and what is bad for you, being a cancer patient. They will ensure that you are getting the necessary unique nutritional needs.

Add more anti-cancer foods in your diet

Once you consult a oncology nutritionist and find out what you should eat, try to incorporate as many anti-cancer foods you can in your diet. Garlic is a very well-known food that can cause death to cancer cells. Berries are also good for you because they can eliminate toxins from your body. Mushrooms can boost your immune system. There are many cancer fighting powerhouses available in the form of different foods. You nutritionist can help you to find those foods and then you can incorporate such foods in your diet, which may help you to kill the cancer cells.

Drink more juices

If you need to eat more servings of fruits and vegetables every day, it may be very difficult for you to do that. You can overcome that problem by simply drinking more juices. By drinking juices, you get all the necessary nutrients and vitamins. You don't have to eat a lot when you are drinking juices because you can discard the bulk.

Small and frequent meals

When you have mesothelioma, you are likely to have appetite fluctuations. In that case, to fight appetite fluctuations, you will need to eat small portions every 2 to 3 hours. That will ensure that you are supplying your body with a constant stream of energy. It will also eliminate the stress of having to eat large meals.

Get a plant based diet

If possible, consider a plant based diet because vegan and vegetarian diets are always associated with lower cancer rates. Fruits, grains, vegetables generally contain high levels of antioxidant. On the other hand, animal products generally contain cancer promoting substances. It is good for you if you can become a vegan or vegetarian. Even if you cannot stop eating animal products, you can always base your meals on produce and whole grains.

Add supplements if necessary

If supplementation is necessary, you should go for supplemental nutrition. Sometimes, when you are suffering from mesothelioma, it may not be possible for your body to get all the necessary nutrients and vitamins from the food that you eat. You may also not be able to eat some of the foods. In that case, providing the necessary nutrients and vitamins through supplements may be necessary. Your doctor is the best person to decide whether you need supplements are not. When you are suffering from mesothelioma, you may lose weight, even though you are trying to eat right. In that case, you will need to add supplements to your daily diet. When you need the essential calories and protein, supplements can help you to get all that you need.

References
1. Malignant Mesothelioma
2. Mesothelioma

4

It is possible to lose weight using Yoga. People have been doing this for a long time and they are successful in losing weight and becoming fit. This is a natural process of weight loss. Yoga will help you to fight the stubborn fat stores. It is also beneficial for women who are older than 40. Yoga helps you to deplete the fat storage because it reduces stress hormones and at the same time increases insulin sensitivity. As a result of that, your body gets a signal to burn more food as fuel instead of storing it as fat. Besides helping you to lose weight, yoga will also form your body, legs, arms, butt and abs, thereby giving you a fit look and you'll start looking better within a few weeks.

Factors contributing to weight gain

Faulty dietary habits is a major factor of weight gain for women. Besides that there are several other factors which can result in weight gain. You may also start gaining weight because of inefficient functioning of your bodily functions. Yoga is efficient in eliminating these problems because at the base of Yoga there are different breathing practices. These practices will help you to cleans, balance and rejuvenate different organs present in your body. When that is done, the functions of these organs will be better. Yoga includes different breathing exercises and different asanas, which will help you in your metabolic activities besides keeping your heart rate at the optimum level. Yoga will help you to heal from within and then it will help you to make your outer body look better.

Yoga routine

The simple Yoga routine can help women to lose weight. However before you start on this path, very important to have a simple plan in place which you can follow. Without the plan, it will be very difficult to achieve the desired outcome. And for the plan, you will need an intention of actually using weight. When you have the intention and the plan, you will need to focus on the plan and make sure that you follow it every day. And you don't need a lot many equipment for this. You just need a Yoga mat and to Yoga blocks.

Different poses

There are different yoga poses which help women to lose weight. Some of these poses include mountain pose, standing side lean, chair pose, warrior II, downward facing dog, plank, Cobra, and others. It's important to learn these poses correctly so that you do not do it incorrectly and thereby cause any possible problems. It is always better to learn from a guru by attending a class, and watching DVDs of well-known gurus.
Besides cleansing your metabolic activities, Yoga will also strengthen your stamina and your core. It increases your metabolic and flexibility. Yoga includes banding, twisting and inversions in different poses and it helps your muscles to open up. So, you become more fit and at the same time you lose weight. Don't you want that? And yes, you can do it with yoga.
With just a few Yoga poses and a routine, you'll be able get rid of your extra fat stored in your body and thereby look better and more beautiful. It is also beneficial if you follow a specific diet because that will accelerate your weight loss and will make you slimmer within a short duration.
Yoga burn will help you to lose the extra weight you have and make you look better. If you want to know more about how you can naturally lose weight and become fit, Click Here!

References
1. Yoga Burn
2. Yoga
3. Yoga

4

If you got exposed to asbestos and as a result you have mesothelioma, you can file a mesothelioma suit to get compensation in the form of money.  If you have mesothelioma because of working with asbestos, you can get substantial money damages when you file a mesothelioma suit. If the husband or wife is dead because of mesothelioma resulting from working environment, the spouse can always file a mesothelioma suit and get the compensation.

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How long do you need to fight?

Mesothelioma may develops after 10 to 40 years after exposure to asbestos. If you want to file a mesothelioma suit, you should do that within 1 to 5 years from the diagnosis. In some areas, it is mandatory to file a mesothelioma legal suit within one year from diagnosis. If the victim has already died, the spouse and other heirs need to file the suit within 1 to 3 years from the date of death.

How long can a case take?

Mesothelioma cases are generally settled before they reach to a jury. In such outside of court settlements, both the parties agree on the amount of money damages the victim gets. If you have all the necessary documents about your medical condition and employment history, if your lawyer is efficient and if there is a payment source available for payment, it is possible to get your money in less than a year from the date you filed your lawsuit. If the case goes to trial, it can take two years or more time. However, because mesothelioma victims have a short life expectancy, courts often fast track their lawsuits and as a result, the case is completed within a short duration.

How much money can you recover?

How much money can you expect to get from your mesothelioma suit? It is very difficult to estimate the exact amount of money that you can receive as a result of your lawsuit. There may be settlements in some cases, and in some others, the jury may award millions of dollars. On the other hand, some other lawsuits may receive little money. Many companies that manufactured or installed asbestos, have closed down or gone bankrupt. In such cases, the courts need to keep large funds aside to compensate future victims. If the fund is not big enough or it has depleted over the years, in that case, the settlement amount is a rationed and in that case, you can expect to get little compensation.

The compensation will also depend on mesothelioma illness and how the disease affected the lives of the patients. These factors will decide the cash settlement or a jury verdict. The amount of wages lost because of the illness, will also be taken into consideration. The cost of medical expenses, the pain and suffering victim went through are some others important factors that may decide the compensation amount in a particular case.

Another important factor in deciding the compensation that you can receive is time. If the cases are settled quickly, the amount of compensation tends to be significantly less. If the case is supposed to be present to a jury for trial, the amount of the compensation may increase. But such a jury trial may take several years. If the patient is seriously ill, the plaintiff may decide to go for a quick settlement, even though the compensation may be less in that case. They may also do so because the lawyer fees may be very high when the case goes to trial, which will also mean the lawyer's services will be required for several years.

References
1. Malignant Mesothelioma
2. Mesothelioma

Drugs

Substance abuse is defined by the World Health Organization as the harmful use of psychoactive substances. This includes the use of alcohol and illicit drugs that can result in dependency that may result in the negative psychological, cognitive and behavioral responses. A person engaged in substance abuse is likely to manifest a repeated inclination of using illicit substances, while losing control in its use.

The adverse effects of substance abuse take varied forms. Health problems, such a compromised immune system, cardiovascular condition, liver damage or liver failure, seizure, strokes, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting are very common. Compulsive cravings occur after the brain's reward system is hijacked by the prolonged use of drugs with a resulting euphoric sensation that makes a person feel high,¯ causing him to do harm or injuries to himself or to others, while engaging in maladaptive behaviors. Behavioral problems are also common, such as hallucinations, aggressiveness, paranoia, impulsiveness and the loss of self control.

Substance abuse is harmful and it can take a toll not only to the affected individual personally, but also to his family members, social circles, employment and the quality of life that the person can live. Getting help from substance abuse is always available at many rehab centers Getting help at the early stage of your addiction is recommended. Getting the right help and treatment, recovery is always possible.

If any of your loved ones are experiencing the challenge of overcoming substance abuse, here are 3 helpful tips that can help you fight substance abuse, recover a healthy mind and body, and regain your normal life back again.

  1. Accept that you have a substance abuse problem 

Recognition of substance abuse is crucial in order to know that you need to get help. Many substance abuse victims fail to obtain an immediate help because they were in denial of their actual situation. Help is numerous for substance abuse victims, however, many of them fail to recognize that they need help thereby depriving themselves from taking the opportunity of using the assistance for substance abuse victims that are available for them. Thus, the first step to liberating yourself against the clutches of substance abuse is to overcome your denial.

It is possible that your friends may already notice something different in your behavior and activities. Try to listen on their feedbacks and assess yourself if you have been losing control of your life. There are many people who care about you and are willing to provide assistance, understanding and support, but it is important to recognize that you need their help. Do not hesitate to talk to your loved ones and friends about your substance abuse problems. In this most difficult time in your life, you need people who can help you take the challenge of getting well and overcome the negative effects of substance abuse.

  1. Find a support group

To overcome substance abuse is indeed a difficult undertaking, but not impossible to accomplish with the help of others who are going through the similar challenges that you are going through and are determined to win the battle. Being around with support group will maintain sobriety and provides you an encouraging environment to open up and share your thoughts, experiences and difficulties. Being around to empathic individuals who actually understand what you are going through will make you feel safer and determined to overcome the challenges in number.

  1. Understand your triggers and engage in a healthy lifestyle

Knowing what triggers your addiction to substance abuse will help you identify future risks that can compel you from going through the same harmful habit forming activities again. Use this as a way of avoiding potential situations that can encourage you to become addicted again. Diverting how you spend your time to more meaningful activities, such as exercising and joining a sports club, is good preventive measures that can help you keep your mind off from substance abuse activities.