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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.





If you want to get lean the review things that you need to know and follow.

The right mindset

To get lean, you will need the right mindset and attitude. Getting lean is a goal for you which means there in will be some things which you will need to change. To achieve your goals and to make the necessary changes, you will need the right mindset and attitude. Without the right mindset and attitude, achieving a goal will not be possible. Even if you somehow achieve it, maintaining the fitness and fat loss will be impossible for you. On the other hand, when you have the right mindset and attitude achieving this goal of getting lean will be easier for you. You need to find out why you want to become lean and if your why is strong enough, you'll be able to do it. Without a strong ˜why' you will not follow the strict rules and regulations and the hard work necessary to become lean. Even if you have the right techniques and methods and you know everything about becoming lean, but you don't have the right mindset and attitude to do things that you need to do and to follow the program, how can you achieve your goal of becoming lean. If you want to permanently transform your physique, it will be important for you to first prepare your mind with the right mindset and attitude and then go ahead with the actual program.

Your diet is the most crucial element

If you want to get lean, your diet will be the most crucial element in it. You will have to know everything about the diet that you should follow and constantly follow it. Nutrition has the biggest impact on your permanent body transformation. It is not possible to have a bad diet and then use training to overcome that. It is not simply a matter of calories in and calories out. To get lean, you will have to find the right type of food and consume it in the right amount at the right times. There are foods which will increase your metabolism. There are common health food which may contribute to your belly fat. You will need to know everything about different types of food that you consume and what you're supposed to consume. Only after you know everything about your diet, when to take it and how to take it, it will be easier for you to get lean and stay that way. There will be some habits which will need changing so that you can shed your fat stores fast. You will need to learn about that and then follow the guidelines so that you include more of the good foods and avoid the bad foods.

Strength training is important

If you want to sculpt your body and reshape it, then you will need strength training. If you want to maximize your metabolism and lose more fat, strength training will help you to do that. You will need to find the right fitness program for yourself and then follow that program enthusiastically until you achieve your goal of becoming lean.


1. Get Lean: Permanent Physique Transformation
2. Increasing Lean Mass and Strength: A Comparison of High Frequency Strength Training to Lower Frequency Strength Training
3. Increased protein intake reduces lean body mass loss during weight loss in athletes

Having larger breasts have several advantages. It makes you more attractive and sexier to the opposite gender. There are several different methods and processes which can help you to increase the size of your breasts. Food will always play a bigger role in deciding the size of your breasts. Let’s find out more about such foods and what can help you to have larger breasts.

Monounsaturated fats

The breasts are made of epithelial and fat tissue. If you want to stimulate more fat cell production, you will need more healthy fats. Monounsaturated fats will help you by increasing your metabolism and also promoting breast tissue growth. You will find it in foods like olive oil, coconut oil, eggs, avocado and cold water fishes.


Eating vegetables is also beneficial for you when you want to increase the size of your breasts. Kale, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, cabbage are some of the important vegetables that should be included in your diet. They are important for you because they contain lignans in good amounts. You will also need to include leafy green vegetables even though they may not create a substantial difference to breast size, because they will help you by inhibiting testosterone production. More testosterone results in smaller breasts and so you need to inhibit testosterone production in your body. These vegetables will also offer you another health advantage. They will provide you with high levels of antioxidants and vitamins which will not only provide you with a radiant skin but will also build healthy tissues and protect you from free radical damage.


If you want to increase the size of your breasts, you will need to eat more seeds. Seeds contain lignan which is phytoestrogen that works in a similar fashion to estrogen. That is why try to include more fennel seeds, flax seeds, sunflower seeds and sesame seeds in your diet and consume them every day. These seeds are specifically chosen because they have the highest lignan content among all the seeds. Lignan is also beneficial for you because it will reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.


Like vegetables, fruits are also essential for you but you need to choose them carefully. You need fruits which have high levels of lignan content. Apples, rest berries, strawberries, cherries, oranges, peaches, plums and melons have higher levels of lignan in them and so you need to include them in your diet.


There are different types of nuts that you need to consume every day to increase the size of your breasts. They contain healthy fats, isoflavones and proteins. These isoflavones are similar to estrogen. Estrogen is responsible for the growth and development of your breasts. You need to include almonds, peanuts, chestnuts and pistachios because they contain the highest levels of estrogen.


Seafood can also help you to increase the size of your breasts. Includes oysters, prawns, shellfish and seaweed in your diet. They contain high levels of manganese. Manganese is essential for you because it will improve functioning of the thyroid and sex hormones in your body. If you can regulate the hormones in your body, it will nature really improve the cup size of your breasts. That is why, try to include more seafood than before so that you can get the benefit while eating things that are delicious. Oysters are also beneficial for you in another way. They are known aphrodisiac and so you need to have them in your diet for sure.


1. Get Larger Breasts
2. Breast Diseases
3. Female Breast Size Attractiveness for Men as a Function of Sociosexual Orientation



The moment you turn 65, you qualify for Medicare no matter what your medical history looks like and no matter what kind of medical insurance you used. From this point on, you can take advantage of the government’s collective bargaining powers and subsidies at a time when health problems tend to start stacking up.

However, it’s not all good news. As a government program, Medicare has trouble with adapting to new treatments and medications, plus it still has things like copays and deductibles. It’s also a very large and very old program that has built up some complicated rules and red tape over the years. Medicare can be hard to understand and navigate through no matter who you are, so it always helps to know or refresh yourself about the basics.

Medicare Is Not Always Automatic

With an easy requirement like “you must be 65 to join,” you’d think that the government would make signing up for Medicare automatic. However, that’s not the case; many people are working past 65, and others get coverage from their spouse’s health plan, so they might not need Medicare. Still, enrolling in Medicare can help since both plans can help pay the same medical bills.

Medicare Is Not Always Free

Medicare and Social Security have a few things in common. One is that their taxes are counted separately on federal tax returns, and another is that you have to pay these taxes a certain number of times to get the full benefits. For Medicare, if you pay the tax for 40 quarter-years, you can get Part A (hospital insurance) without a premium. Part B (health insurance) isn’t free, but if you qualify for Social Security, the government will automatically deduct the premiums from your Social Security deposits. You could also pay higher premiums if you don’t sign up at 65.

Part C Is Medicare Advantage

Original Medicare includes Part A and Part B coverage. Part C expands on these by offering Medicare Advantage plans run by third-party insurers. These plans cover Medicare basics, but they can also cover things like dental plans, vision, and prescription drug costs. You’ll still pay your Medicare premiums, so Part C plans usually don’t add much to the monthly payments.

You can also choose to get a Medicare supplemental insurance plan, which is different from Medicare Advantage. Medicare supplemental insurance ” or Medigap ” plans cover the deductibles and copays determined by Medicare. They can also help you pay in-network prices at any facility that accepts Medicare. However, you can’t pay for Medicare Advantage and a Medigap plan at the same time.

Part D Covers Prescriptions

Image via Flickr by Thirteen Of Clubs

Back when the United States government first created Medicare, prescription drugs weren’t a big part of medical costs. That’s changed now, especially in the last few years, so Part D showed up in 2003. Like Part C, Part D is optional, but like Parts A and B, you’ll get a penalty if you enroll late. Assuming you aren’t in a Medicare Advantage plan that covers prescription costs, you can join a Part D plan that will help you with drug prices.

Medicare Doesn’t Cover Long-Term Care

As you grow older, you may find yourself unable to do basic things like putting away groceries, cooking, or picking up heavy packages. That’s why many seniors live in assisted-living housing, and just how much assistance they get depends on the housing and how much the tenant can still do. However, the extra help comes with extra costs, and Medicare doesn’t cover these costs. For that, you should get long-term care insurance.

From a distance, Medicare can look like a giant mess. Still, the basics are easy enough to understand, and you can get a lot more coverage than the basics if you take a look at the available plans and carefully consider what you need and what you can afford. If you can do that, you’ll be well on your way to making the most of your Medicare and any Medicare Advantage or Medigap coverage you buy.


Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is not a particularly common injury — it only affects about three percent of people — but it's still quite serious. It's important to know what you can do to remedy this condition so that, if you do experience it, it doesn't become debilitating.


If you don't like the idea of invasive treatments like surgery or steroid injections, there are lots of natural frozen shoulder remedies that you can try first. Five of the most effective remedies are listed below.

What is Frozen Shoulder?

Frozen shoulder occurs when the joint capsule (connective tissues that surround the shoulder bones, tendons, and ligaments) becomes thickened and tightens around the joint.


This condition is characterized by pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. This condition develops slowly and can be broken down into the following three stages:


  • Freezing stage: During this stage, any movement of the shoulder causes pain and range of motion becomes limited

  • Frozen stage: Pain begins to diminish, but the shoulder becomes stiffer and more difficult to use

  • Thawing stage: Range of motion begins to improve


Each stage typically lasts for several months.

What Causes Frozen Shoulder?

In many cases, there's not a clear cause of frozen shoulder. However, researchers have found that some people are more prone to frozen shoulder than others.


Some common risk factors of frozen shoulder include:


  • Age and sex: People over the age of 40 — especially women — are likely to experience frozen shoulder

  • Prolonged immobility or reduced mobility from rotator cuff injuries, fractures, or strokes

  • Systemic diseases like diabetes, thyroid disorders, cardiovascular disease, Parkinson's disease, and tuberculosis

How to Treat Frozen Shoulder Naturally

These natural remedies can help you minimize the symptoms of frozen shoulder so you can reduce your symptoms and improve your mobility without side effects.

1. Heat

What better way to counteract something frozen than by adding heat?


Applying a warm compress to your shoulder, taking a hot shower, or soaking in a warm bath can help loosen up your muscles and reduce stiffness.


While you're applying heat, try to move your shoulder in small circles to keep blood flowing to the area.

2. Acupuncture

Acupuncture is an eastern remedy that many people swear by for treating everything from pain and inflammation to digestive disorders and depression.


For people with frozen shoulder, acupuncture can promote relaxation and speed up the healing process.


Many people are intimidated by acupuncture and are worried about having needles stuck in their body. Remember, though, that the needles the acupuncturist uses are very thin. Most people don't feel anything when they're inserted.

3. Bracing

You don't have to completely give up exercise and your favorite activities when you're dealing with frozen shoulder. In fact, it's important to keep moving so that you can keep inflammation in the shoulder down.


That being said, it's important to take steps to avoid making your symptoms worse.


If you're going to participate in exercise or some other kind of activity, be sure to wear a shoulder brace to prevent re-injury. Shoulder braces stabilize the joint and provide a bit of compression, which can improve blood flow to the injured area.

4. Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation

Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation — also known as TENS — is a type of therapy that involves having tiny electrical currents delivered to specific points on the nerve pathways. If you try this therapy, you'll have small electrodes taped to the skin around your shoulder joint.


TENS therapy isn't painful or harmful. It simply stimulates the nerves and signals the release of endorphins to help minimize the discomfort that is caused by frozen shoulder. TENS therapy can also block the specific fibers that carry pain impulses.

5. Anti-Inflammatory Supplements

Finally, instead of relying on potentially damaging anti-inflammatory drugs, try using natural supplements that help reduce inflammation in the body.


Some of the best anti-inflammatory supplements include:


  • Turmeric

  • Omega-3 fatty acids (such as fish oil capsules)

  • Coenzyme Q10 (a natural antioxidant)

  • Magnesium


It's also good to consume anti-inflammatory, nutrient-rich foods like fruits, vegetables, olive oil, coconut oil, grass-fed beef, and wild-caught fish. Probiotic-rich foods and drinks like kefir, kombucha, sauerkraut, and kimchi are also good to include.

Low-carb diet is beneficial for you because it can offer you several health benefits which will improve your health. It is becoming more and more popular among people because they work.

Blood sugar and insulin levels

When you consume a low-carb diet, it will help you to lower your blood sugar levels and insulin needs. It's good for you because high sugar levels are behind several chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, cancer, dementia and cardiovascular diseases. By reducing the carbohydrate intake, your blood sugar levels will be controlled and along with that insulin levels will be minimized. If you are suffering from diabetes, or insulin resistance this is very beneficial for you.

Benefits for your heart

A low carb diet will improve your heart health and thereby will reduce the risk of heart diseases. Such a diet reduces triglycerides which is a major risk factor in case of cardiovascular disease and will increase HDL or good cholesterol levels. As mentioned earlier, such a diet will also reduce blood sugar, insulin and inflammation in your body. These conditions may cause damage to your heart. Since they are reduced, the risk of heart problems will also reduce along with them. Another big advantage of a low-carb diet is weight loss. It will help you to lose weight and that will reduce possibility of any cardiovascular problem.

Reduction of hunger

When you go for a low-carb diet, it increases satiety because of the balance blood sugar levels promoted by such a diet. There will not be high spike of blood sugar and insulin in your body when you consume such a diet. When you go for a low-carb food, you will have lower cravings and will not have too many hunger pangs. Low-carb diet will make you satisfied easily and as a result of that you will be able to keep cravings away.

Weight loss

A low-carb diet will also help you to lose weight. Harvard School of Public Health conducted more than 53 different studies where they studied 68,000 participants. They found that people who are using low-carb diet method to lose weight are able to lose more weight in comparison to low-fat diet and other methods. By suppressing your hunger and appetite, it will make you to eat less number of calories which will help you to lose weight. Such a diet will also help you to burn more fat from your body. A low-carb diet will keep insulin under control and will thereby force your body to use the stored fat for energy. Since you are reducing the amount of carbohydrate, your body will have to use the stored fat for getting the necessary energy for different daily activities. As a result of that, more stored fat from your body will be burnt and utilized for creating energy for different body lay activities. With a low-carb diet, your body will become more effective in using fat as fuel. Such a diet pill also help you to lose your belly fat. Once you start such a diet, your visceral fat deposited in the belly area will be used for energy.

When you go for a low-fat diet, you can eat amazingly fresh and delicious was every day. You will be able to enjoy great food while at the same time having great health.


1. Low Carb Weekly Meal Plans
2. Low-carbohydrate diets: what are the potential short- and long-term health implications?
3. Low-Carbohydrate Diets

Meditation has many benefits and you probably already know a lot about. The benefits will increase when you reach a state of deep meditation. However, experiencing a deep meditation state is not very easy for many people. Let's find out what can help you to experience deep meditation.

Calm your body

Before you start your meditation and during the meditation practice, you need to calm your body. The calmer you are, the better the practice will be for you. Since our mind, body and breath are interconnected, issue relax your body and calm the breath, and it will help your mind to calm down. In yoga, asanas (postures) and pranayama (breathing regulation) can help you to relax yourself faster. You can perform some yoga asanas which will make your body lighter and help you relax. Then you need to perform the breathing exercises for which you can breathe in for four seconds through the nose and then brace out for eight seconds through the nose. You can adjust the duration according to your comfortability but he need to understand that the exhalation should be longer than the inhalation and if possible double than the exhalation.

Make your mind happy

By making your mind happy, it will be easier for you to calm your mind down. If you can signal your mind that everything is well and there is a feeling of safety and contentment, it will be easier for you to make your mind less restless. When your mind in joyful and content, it will be more quiet, together and introverted. You can make your mind happy by remembering something that you are grateful for, remembering the joy of meditation, remembering a very positive memory, feeling good that you are taking some time out to meditate and improve your mind or do something else that makes your mind happy.

Avoid the distractions

When you performing meditation, sometimes you may distracted by some thoughts. You should not feel bad about that you should not criticize yourself because of that. Those thoughts which make you feel bad about yourself or criticize yourself are harmful for you and they will not help you to achieve the good meditation practice. During this practice, you have to be gentle with yourself. You need to understand that in the normal environment, we are always distracted and you have probably trained your mind to be distracted without even knowing about it and so it will take some time to train your mind not to be distracted. You have to be patient and kind with yourself and then only it will be easier for you to get more benefit from the meditation practice.

Find delight in concentration

If you are able to concentrate and focus on the object of your meditation completely, you should be happy and find delight in it. There will be some moments in your mind which will focus more on the meditation object. If you teach your mind to appreciate the joy of concentration, it'll be easier for you to meditate more and for longer duration. It will also help you to increase your focus. If you can open up yourself and enjoy the meditation practice, your mind will be less restless and it will stop thinking about other things when you practice meditation.


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3. What meditation can do for your mind, mood, and health