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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.




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Avoid Constipation: 7 Foods That Can Cause Constipation

Eating is great but having constipation is not. Constipation is a problem where you have less than three bowel movements per week. It comes with symptoms such as bloating, gas, or pain passing bowel movement. According to a study, about 27% of adults experience it. So, to avoid constipation, here are the 7 foods you need to know that can cause constipation.

 1. Unripe Bananas

Because it contains more resistant starch that is harder for the body to digest, unripe bananas cause constipation while ripe bananas relieve constipation.

We likely eat bananas before they even reach their ripeness but in order to avoid constipation, it is best to wait until the bananas are fully ripe.  Eating unripe bananas when you are already dehydrated can make constipation worse.

2.  Alcohol

Alcohol is regularly stated as a likely cause of constipation. This is because drinking large amounts of alcohol can increase the volumes of fluids lost through your urine, further causing dehydration. Dehydration or poor hydration is often associated with an increased risk of having constipation.

3. Processed Grains

Processed grains and their products, like white rice, white bread, or white pasta, can cause constipation because bran (has a fiber which adds bulk to stool and helps it move along) and germ parts of the grain are removed during the processing.

According to studies, a higher fiber intake can lead to a lower risk of constipation. That is why people who have constipation should reduce their intake of processed grains and just replace it with whole grains.

For some people, an extra fiber may worsen constipation although most people benefit from having extra fiber.

4. Fried or Fast Foods

Risk of constipation is probable if you consume large amounts of fried or fast foods because these are likely high in fat and low in fiber. They cause slow digestion and contains a large number of salt that can lower the water content of stool, making it hard to process them through the body.

5. Red Meat

Red meat may worsen constipation because it contains little fiber, and can also indirectly reduce a person's total daily fiber consumption. This is can take the place of high-fiber options in the diet.

Furthermore, red meat contains higher amounts of fat, and high-fat foods take longer for the body to digest so those with constipation may benefit from replacing the red meat in their diet with protein- and fiber-rich alternatives.

6. Gluten-Containing Foods

Some individuals experience constipation when they eat foods that contain gluten such as wheat, rye, and barley but at risk are those who have celiac disease are intolerant to gluten. When someone with this type of condition consumes gluten, their immune system attacks their gut. This may cause them chronic constipation, so avoiding gluten and following a gluten-free diet is essential.

7. Milk and Dairy Products

Dairy products for some people may be a common cause of constipation but those who are particularly at risk are infants, toddlers, and children due to the sensitivity to the proteins found in the cow's milk. Studies show that children with chronic constipation experienced improvements when they stopped taking cow's milk.

Also, take note that those who are lactose intolerant may have diarrhea rather than constipation after dairy intake




When it comes to marketing, healthcare industry tends to take it slower than the rest of the world. However, while it's tagging behind about 2 to 3 years, the industry is taking advantage of the marketing strategies in full swing. Since digital marketing is conquering the world, leaving all the other approaches behind, the healthcare industry is getting on the bandwagon.


The healthcare industry can't view the digital marketing as optional anymore. It's becoming an integral part of its existence. Hospitals, insurance providers, pharmaceutical companies, and practices need to take advantage of this tool.


It's not surprising that the majority of medical industry workers own smartphones, tablets, and other mobile devices. They take advantage of browsers to help make diagnoses and identify the right treatment. Meanwhile, patients use the Internet to find and interact with healthcare organizations. That's why digital marketing is vital to the survival of many practices.


According to Think With Google, 84% of patients use both online and offline sources to search for a hospital. At the same time, Google search brings about three times as many visitors to hospital sites as non-search visitors. A whopping 44% of the patients who research hospitals on their mobile devices end up making an appointment. When you look at these figures, the importance of digital marketing in the healthcare industry seems obvious.

1. Outreach

In the modern world, the majority of healthcare service consumers are looking for the medical information online. That's where they become easy targets for healthcare service providers. While several years before these providers were trying to raise brand awareness through TV, radio, and mail, today their job has become much easier.


Search engines, social media, and mobile marketing are taking a stand. They are much more cost-effective than old methods. At the same time, the digital approach is making it easier to find the target audience. In fact, ideal patients are helping the healthcare organization find themselves by searching the web.


Since these days before contacting the doctor the vast majority of people turn to the Internet to google the symptoms; SEO marketing solutions for healthcare industry achieve substantial results.

The majority of consumers spend their time using social media. That's why many hospitals and practices are creating social media profiles to reach their target audience and engage them. Some social media platforms, such as Facebook, allow patients to review doctors and hospitals. Such reviews help market the medical services.

2. Personalized Approach

Unlike TV or radio ads, digital marketing allows creating a personalized approach to each patient. Personalization is one of the latest and most effective digital marketing tools which help engage the target audience.


When it comes to medical service providers, they try to reach each patient with the right message. To do it, they take advantage of the consumer information they collected online. The personalized marketing message makes it easier for the patient to find the right services. A patient is more likely to respond to a personalized approach than to a general brand awareness video.

3. Marketing Analysis

By using digital marketing, healthcare organizations have an opportunity to measure the effects of their campaign. They don't have to wonder which approach works and which doesn't. Having sufficient data to make an analysis allows the marketing specialists to make changes in the campaign to improve its efficiency.


The opportunity to analyze the results dramatically reduces the cost of the campaign itself. By improving the marketing efforts, the healthcare organizations are also improving the patient experience.

Final Thoughts

The role of digital marketing in the healthcare industry is huge. It simplifies the marketing efforts, saves money on the campaigns, attracts long term patients, and boosts profits. Even though some healthcare organizations are taking things slow, eventually, digital marketing will make its way to each medical service provider.

When you are trying to lose weight, your food will play a vital role in it. Whatever you're trying to do with your body food will always have a very important role in that. If you're trying to lose weight, you will have to ensure that you have the right foods in your diet so that they can help you to lose more weight.

Which foods will help you to lose weight? Let's find out.


Avocados are must if you're trying to lose weight. It provides you with monosaturated fatty acids, potassium, dietary fibre and phytochemicals. If you eat avocados regularly, you will have low BMI, body weight and waist circumference.

Whole eggs

Studies have found that whole eggs can help you to lose weight. Previously it was thought that it can adversely affect your blood cholesterol and cause heart disease. However, studies have found that is not so any more. Eggs are good for you because they contain high amounts of protein, healthy fats and as a result of that you can feel full with a low amount of calories. It means, with just a few calories, you are getting the feeling of fullness along with the important proteins which is necessary for losing weight. Eggs can make you eat less amount of food in the following meals if you have it in your breakfast.

Leafy greens

Leafy greens will help you to reduce weight. You need to include kale, spinach, collards, Swiss chard and other such leafy greens in your diet. They are low in calories and carbohydrates but they contain high levels of fibre. When you eat leafy greens, it will increase the volume of your meals but will not increase the number of calories you are consuming. So, you will eat fewer calories and that is a key to losing weight. They also contain different types of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants which are good for your overall health.

Cruciferous vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables are good for you because they provide you loss of fibre but few calories. They will provide you with a feeling of fullness which will help you to eat less in the subsequent meals. They contain good amount of protein which is important for building muscles and losing weight. The protein content is high in them in comparison to other vegetables. Since they contain protein, fibre and low energy density, they are very important for your meals.

Some of the most common cruciferous vegetables include broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and Brussels sprout.


When you are trying to lose weight and fat, you will need the help of nuts. Even though they contain high levels of fat, they will not make you fatter. They are excellent as snacks. They have balanced amounts of protein, fibre and healthy fats. When you consume nuts, it will improve your metabolic health and will help you to lose weight. It will also keep you healthy and leaner.


Fruits are not only healthy for you they can also help you to lose weight and fat. If you consume more fruit, you tend to be healthier than those people who do not eat fruits. They contain high levels of fibre and they have a low energy density. They also need some time while chewing. Overall, if you are trying to lose weight, fruits should be there in your diet.


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The presence of an intense and choppy snoring is often a reason for joking or mocking comment among family members, friends or acquaintances of the snorer. In the same way, the person who has sleepiness or falls asleep during the day can be accused of “lack of interest” for what surrounds him, clueless or even lazy. This problem is known as Sleep apnea.

It is a disease whose prevalence increases with age and with the rate of muscle mass. It occurs more in men than in women and is worse in patients who smoke or consume alcohol.

Why does apnea occur?

There is an intermittent collapse of the upper airway, which prevents the air from passing, causing a lack of oxygen flow for a few seconds. Then, the brain is alerted by this descent, producing numerous interruptions of sleep throughout the night. Nootropic drugs are used to overcome this one of the nootropic drugs called modalert are highly used for it.  Here is the link to buy modalert online from the leading Online Pharmacy World Pharma Meds where you can trust all the time.

This phenomenon is caused by morphological anomalies or by greater relaxation of the muscles in this area.

This deficiency of oxygen generates a series of symptoms such as hyper somnolence, generalized fatigue, depression, etc. In general, it even increases the risk of suffering from certain diseases such as: hypertension, heart attack, diabetes

Signs and symptoms of apnea

  • Snoring is the most frequent symptom of apnea, there may be pauses between one and the other and being stronger when you sleep on your back than on your side. It is important not to be alarmed with this information, since not all people who snore have sleep apnea.
  • Another frequent symptom is to feel very sleepy during the day, at work, when driving a car and in general, in daily tasks that do not require physical effort.
  • Finally, there are other less frequent symptoms that are associated with this disease, such as: dryness in the throat at night, headaches in the morning, memory problems or difficulty in concentration, mood changes, among others.

How to treat Sleep apnea  

If we have mild sleep apnea, it is possible that the only treatment we need is to make changes in daily activities or habits. Among them:

  • Avoid alcohol and medicines that produce sleep.
  • Lose weight, if we are overweight or obese.
  • Keep the nasal passages clear at night with nasal sprays and improve nasal breathing. Try to breathe through the nose and not through the mouth.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Keep the room humid.
  • Take nootropic if you want to use lower dosage of nootropic then you should go for armodafinil and here is the link to buy armodafinil online from World Pharma Meds.  
  • Be attentive to our food. Studies have shown that there is a high percentage in people with apnea who follow a diet rich in cholesterol and saturated fat that clogs the arteries.
  • And a very important aspect is related to how to sleep. Sleeping on your side instead of sleeping on your back to keep your throat clear is paramount.
  • There are also on the market special pillows, also called anti-snoring pillows, which by their shape help us to maintain a posture in the bed that facilitates the airways are open and the person does not snore during sleep. These pillows keep the head and neck connected and vertical. 

Even though the word detox may bring in the word deprivation to your mind, it is not true. Detox does not mean that you have to suffer to get some results. Detox can be useful and enjoyable at the same time. If you want to lose weight, detox diets and detox can help you to do that easily. Let's find out more about it.

You feel really bad about yourself

If you are overweight or you are suffering from different problems due to too much weight, then you definitely will not feel good about you and your body. If you not vital, vibrant, joyful, allies and full of energy, you are missing a lot of things in life. If you are suffering from different symptoms like fatty, activities, digestive problems, allergies, lethargy, headaches, detox can help you to get rid of all these problems quickly. Your diet decides how you feel and if you are not feeling well, detox can help you to set the right.

You cannot lose weight

Even though you are trying to lose weight, you are not able to do that. Even though you have tried the already established idea of consuming less calories and exercising more so that you have a negative energy balance which will help you to lose weight, this is not working for you. Then detox can help you to lose weight. The calories you get from sugar and flour are different. First of all, they trigger erection and overrating. They also increase insulin levels and inflammation which prompt your body to store belly fat. It also reduces your ability to feel full. That is why you need to stop consuming more sugar calories. If you are looking for long-term weight loss, it is very important to stop consuming more sugar.

Some people wish may face another problem-they are able to lose weight but they cannot keep it from coming back. The detox diet will help you not only to lose weight but also to keep it away so that you do not get back the weight you lost.

You never have detoxed

If you have never detox, you will never know how beneficial it can be for you. Even though it needs just a few days few weeks to try different detox diets which are beneficial for your body but many people do not find that time in their lifetime. If you have not tried it detox diet, you will not understand that even though you may feel healthy and good, you may not be at your optimal state.

You are not able to control sugar

Even though you know sugar consumption is bad for you, and you have tried to reduce or stop it completely, you are not able to do so. Sugar and flour are biologically addictive. Your taste buds, brain chemistry, metabolism and hormones decide how much of these products you will consume. The food industry has hijacked all of them and so you do not have control over them. Food industry hire craving experts so that they can create some bliss point which will make people to eat their products and eat them more. You can fight against them and win with the help of detox diets because simple willpower may not be enough for fighting all these food choices.


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Yeast infection not only is very irritating but it can also cause problems in your daily life. Summer is considered as the most common season for yeast infections. It is possible to avoid yeast infection by preventing the occurrence. If you have the right daily routines and habits, it will help you to prevent any possible yeast infection. Prevention is always better than curing you from any type of yeast infection. Let's find out how you can prevent possible yeast infections.

Consume more probiotics

Probiotics is a very important element and it should be included in your daily life. It not only offers you health benefits but it can also help you to prevent possible yeast infections. Yogurt, for example, contains Lactobacillus acidophilus which is a good bacterium for you and it can help you to keep away yeast infection. These bacteria will help you by maintaining a healthy pH balance and will also encourage the growth of other friendly bacteria. You can include yogurt or any other probiotics in your daily diet to ensure you get all the necessary supply of good and friendly bacteria.

Birth control without estrogen

If you learn to prevent yeast infection, you will need to switch to a birth control method that does not contain oestrogen. When you have more oestrogen in your body, it will result in production of more yeast. If you are prone to yeast infection, you should choose a birth control method that does not contain oestrogen. You can go for IUD or progesterone only pills. By making this little change, you will considerably reduce the risk of Candida albicans infection. Talk to your daughter about it and find out what options you have so that you can try the option right now and stop possible future yeast infection.

Clean your vagina often

We should simply clean your vagina often to prevent the possible future yeast infection. This does not mean that you should use douching all the time because it is rough and it can irritate your private parts. Get up close and personal and clean it properly by washing it. You need to focus on the inside folds of the vagina because that is where yeast multiply. If you're using a swimsuit, you should change out of it immediately after you’re done so as to avoid more moisture in your private parts. After shower, you can use your hairdryer on the low and cool setting and dry your private parts to eliminate the last bit of excess moisture.

Avoid scented hygiene products and soaps

There are many scented feminine hygiene production soaps are available which claim to improve your hygiene and maintain the necessary pH balance. However to prevent possible yeast infection, you should always avoid scented hygiene products and soaps. They contain artificial chemicals and you should not let them get into your vagina. Such chemicals will increase the risk of a yeast infection. You should also avoid such scented soaps.

Cotton underwear

You should use cotton underwear because it is good for you. They will keep the vagina as dry as possible. They will also help you to avoid warmth and moisture. Yeast lab sent seen humid environment and so you need to ensure that yeast is not getting that environment. That is why you need to wear an underwear that is made from natural fabrics like cotton or silk which will absorb dampness and will keep you dry.


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3. Yeast Infections