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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Foods have a direct link with your body and it decides how healthy you are and can be. It also has a link with your mind and brain. There are some foods which can improve your brain health and provide you with all the benefits of a better brain health.

Salmon

Wild Salmon is very good for your brain health because it provides the highest quality protein for your brain. It contains the very important omega-3 fatty acids, which are very critical for a healthy brain structure and optimal brain function. It also contains five other important nutrients for your brain including magnesium, B vitamins, zinc, vitamin D and choline. But you should choose the wild variety and not the farm raised one. Because the wild variety has fewer calories and low amount of saturated fat in comparison to the farm raised variety.

Beans

Beans are very important brain health food. Beans are nutrient dense starch and they are digested very slowly. They are important as they provide your brain with its preferred fuel glucose. They also contain good amount of different important nutrients like magnesium, fibre, zinc, folate and antioxidants. Folate is very special because it is essential for brain function and if you have less of it that can lead to neurological disorders including cognitive impairment and depression. Beans will provide you with more folate than any other food.

Walnuts

All types of nuts are exceptional brain foods and so you should eat more of them. Walnut is the star of all of them. It is rich in several brain nutrients which will improve your brain health. It contains amino acids, B vitamins, vitamin E and several different minerals. Vitamin E is important because it can help in prevention of cognitive decline. Walnuts will also provide you with a good dose of omega-3 fatty acids. They contain very powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant rich in polyphenols, which is useful because your brain is vulnerable to oxidation and inflammation damage. To ensure that your brain is safe from such problems, you need regular supply of walnuts.

Dark chocolate

If you are eating dark chocolate in moderation, it is a good thing for your brain health. It contains very high levels of plant antioxidants known as flavonols. These elements will help you by allowing more blood to be carried to different important areas of your brain. Dark chocolate will also provide you with magnesium, fibre and zinc. It will help you by countering the effects of ageing and fatigue. If you want to boost your mood, alertness and focus, you should happily eat dark chocolate. A good portion (up to 1 ounce daily) of high cacao dark chocolate which contains 72% or greater cacao, will help your brain functions without exceeding your daily sugar quota.

Avocados

Avocado is a brain food that you cannot avoid. If you want optimal brain health, you must have it. It contains good amount of monounsaturated fats which will promote healthy blood flow in your brain. It also contains very important brain nutrients like folate, vitamins C, vitamin E and copper. Avocados also have B vitamins in them which is good for you to reduce stress and they will also keep your nerves and brain cells healthy. High levels of potash present in avocado will lower your blood pressure. The monounsaturated fats will support your nerves in the brain and will ensure that all the information is carried to your brain without any problem.

References

1. Sound Bath/ Light Bath
2. Brain health
3. Brain Foods that May Help You Concentrate

When you suffer from chronic plantar fasciitis pain, it becomes very difficult to bear and manage. If you're suffering from pain, how can you work at your optimum efficiency? There are many effective and simple treatments are available which will help you to get relief from the pain quickly.

Find a ball

You can keep a ball with you all the time. It can be a golf ball or mobility ball. It will provide you comfort and pain relief. Roll the ball beneath your food and apply steady pressure so as to massage your foot. You can use this ball while sitting at your desk. If you need to stand for a long duration, you can take a break and rolled the ball beneath your food for some time. It works because when you massage your foot with the ball, it distracts the pain restrictors of your brain and also sends more blood to the arch and heel. If there are improperly healed tears (adhesions), the massage will break that down. If you want extra relief, you can put the ball in the freezer and then use it.

Stretch

Stretching your feet and the heels will help you to get relief from plantar fasciitis. There are different types of stretches available which will help you to get relief from the pain. And you don’t have to put aside some extra exercise time to do them. You can do them during your break or also while working at your workplace. It is one of the most effective ways to reduce pain and it will also help you to heal planter fasciitis. Stretching well improve your flexibility, strength and will also stretch the planter fascia ligament which will provide you with immediate relief.

Dry cupping

Dry cupping is a method that will help you to get rid of the pain caused by plantar fasciitis. In this method a cup is positioned on the skin to create a vacuum to apply negative pressure which will increase flow of blood to that area. As the flow of blood to the affected area increases, pain will reduce and it will also break up adhesions to the planter fascia.

Use an ice pack

Using an ice is a very good way to immediately reduce heel pain that happen because of plantar fasciitis. You can use an icepack whether you are at home or at work. There are some ice pack slippers available which are in expensive and which will not make it a messy affair. You can put the ice pack slippers in the freezer and then use it to get more benefit. Use the ice pack whenever you take a 15 minute break.

Toe separators

Toe separators can also help you to get relief from plantar fasciitis. They elongate shrunken tendons which have probably become short and tight. They encourage your toes to uncurl to a healthy position. They are good for you because they will improve blood flow to the feet which is important for breaking down adhesions. More blood flow will also improve heel and foot pain and will strengthen muscles and ligaments which will in turn help you by reducing the pain in your heel and feet. You can use to separators to stretch and align your feet and toes while you rest. You’ll feel good and will also get rid of the pain and tension.

References

1. Plantar Fasciitis System
2. Plantar fasciitis
3. Plantar fasciitis

Vaginal yeast infection can be very irritating and it can make your daily life impossible. However, nowadays there are different types of solutions available for getting rid of a vaginal yeast infection.

Keep the skin clean and dry

Yeast needs conducive environment for multiplication and proliferation. If you want to stop yeast infection and reduce it or completely eliminate it, you will need to make the environment unfavorable for yeast. If you can keep your skin clean, dry and free from wounds or scrapes, it will discourage yeast colonies from sustaining and spreading. If you start practicing good hygiene and take care of any of open cuts you have, it will automatically reduce the possibility of spread of the infection. The good hygiene applies to your digestive tract, vagina, mouth and any other area. Wash the genital with soap every day and dried completely. Never keep the environment moist because fungi most commonly proliferate in a moist environment. Even after sex, you should wash the genital area.

Boost your immune system

To fight yeast infection and to get rid of it, you will need to boost your immune system. A strong immune system will easily dispel any attacks by yeast fungi. It will not only keep you healthy and fit but it will also reduce the risk of an infection. It will increase protective white blood cells in your body which will fight any type of infection. A recurring yeast infection happens because of a weak or weakened immune system. People who have HIV, diabetes, cancer or immune disorders are more prone to yeast infection. You can support your immune system by eating a nutrient dense diet. Your diet should include more amount of vegetables, healthy fats, probiotics and protein. Probiotic foods are very important because they contain Lactobacillus or acidophilus bacteria which are beneficial if you have yeast infection.

Fermented foods are also good for you when you are suffering from a yeast infection. Such foods include dairy products like kefir or yogurt, kombucha and such other products. They contain probiotic microorganisms which are beneficial for you. It will not only help you to fight yeast but will also improve the immune system.

Wear clean clothes

Always wear clothes that are clean and dry. You should choose cotton underwear or underwear made of breathable fabric. It is important that air reach your genitals so that the area can be dry and not warm. Also wear loose-fitting clothes. Do not use stockings, tights or bathing suits if you have re-occurrence of the yeast infection. These clothes are not good for you because they will increase your body heat and will also retain moisture, creating an environment, which is conducive for yeast infection and growth.

Supplements and essential oils

Supplements and essential oils can help you to get rid of yeast infection. Probiotic supplements are the best natural treatments for yeast infection. They will help you to add more good bacteria to your body. Apple cider vinegar is beneficial for you because it’ll help you to balance pH levels. Antioxidants including vitamins C will boost your immune system. Elderberry and milk thistle will change your lever and will remove toxins and extra hormones from your body. Essential oils like lavender, tea tree and myrrh oils will help you by killing different types of yeast, fungi and parasites. You can use them directly or mix them with coconut oil and apply just outside the vaginal area.

References

1. Cure Yeast Infection Fast
2. Vaginal yeast infections
3. Yeast Infections

Patellofemoral is the pain that you experience at the front of your knees around your kneecap or patella. Sometimes it is also called as runner's knee. Generally it is more common in case of people who play any sports involving jumping and running. The pain in the knee increases when you walk up the stairs or down it, run, and squat sit for long periods.

Symptoms

Patellofemoral pain symptoms can be diagnosed easily because of the dull, aching pain in the front of you knee. The pain will increase if you to any of the following-

  • Walk up or down stairs
  • Kneel or squat
  • Sit with a bent knee for long periods of time

Sometimes you may also experience occasional knee buckling. When it happens your knees unexpectedly give way and do not support your body weight. When walking, you may have a popping, grinding or a catching sensation.

Some other symptoms may include-

  • mild swelling
  • a sensation of grating or grinding when bending or extending the leg
  • reduced thigh muscle strength

Causes

Patellofemoral pain syndrome may be caused by different causes. Doctors are not sure what actually causes it but they believe that the following are the possible causes-

Overuse

When you take part in any sports that includes running or jumping, it puts stress on your knee joint. Too much of the sport can result in irritation under the kneecap.

Muscle imbalance or weakness

The problem may start when the muscles around your hip and knee are not able to keep your kneecap properly aligned. If there is an inward movement of the knee during a squat, it can result in patellofemoral pain.

Injury

If somehow the kneecap receives any trauma like fracture dislocation, it can cause the problem.

Surgery

If you have undergone knee surgery it may sometimes cause the pain.

Risk factors

There are several risk factors which can increase the possibility of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Some of the most common risk factors are-

Age

The possibility of this problem increases or decreases depending on the age. It is more common in adolescence and young adults because they are at the highest risk of this syndrome. However, it has also been seen in case of older adults.

Sex

It is seen that women are more likely to suffer from this problem. They generally have greater risk of muscle imbalance. Another factor that increases the risk is the wider angle of the female pelvis. Both of these factors may cause women to have patellofemoral pain syndrome.

Flat feet

Some people may have flat feet and they are at a higher risk of developing this syndrome. It happens because such people put additional stress on the knee joints and so that may cause patellofemoral syndrome.

High impact activities

If you are constantly engaged in high impact or weight-bearing activities, it may increase the risk of the lopping patellofemoral pain syndrome. Running, squatting, jumping et cetera vote stress to the joint and that increases the possibility of knee injury.

If you have any of the risk factors, it is very important that you check yourself for the possible symptoms of this syndrome. It will be good for you to take the preventive measures which will help you to stay away from patellofemoral pain syndrome. If you have already seen some of the symptoms mentioned above, you should immediately consult your doctor and take measures to stop the problem and future possible spread.

References

1. Patella Femoral Solutions
2. PROXIMAL EXERCISES ARE EFFECTIVE IN TREATING PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME
3. Knee Pain

The word “cankles” became popular in 2001. Cankles can be of different types but whatever the type is; developing thick ankles is not being a good thing for you. Let’s find out why many women suffer from this problem.

Genetic predisposition

Many women who suffer from cankles are genetically predisposed to have such type of lower leg. If one of your parents had oversized ankles, you’re more likely to have it because you have inherited them. Sometimes this may happen because of obesity or a structural absence of a well-defined calf muscle. It may also happen in case of people who are otherwise physically fit.

If this is the case, surgery may help. Many women undergo ankle liposuction to get rid of this problem. This procedure is becoming popular with women who want to reduce their ankle circumference. However with surgery, there are risks involved and the results may not be exactly what you want. It is important to talk to your doctor before you go for surgery. Some other people believe that exercise may help them to get rid of this problem but it is very difficult to spot reduce.

Fluid retention

Some people may suffer from cankles because of fluid retention. In case of some people fluid buildup in the ankle happens that makes it look bigger. It happens because of a heavy sodium intake. So, it means the problem arises because of your dietary habits. If you see that your ankles have started to swell and you feel as if you are retaining water at your ankles, you should immediately go and see your doctor. It is also important to talk to your dietician to find out what are the changes you need to make to your existing diet so that you do not consume more sodium which will ultimately lead to retention of water. Exercise may help you to reduce that but if you’re looking for spot reduce, that may not happen. An overall healthy lifestyle may help you to reduce the size of the ankles. More focus should be placed on your diet because by changing a few things in your diet, you’ll be able to make big changes in your life. When you suffer from cankles, you need to take a closer and detailed look at your existing diet to find out if you are consuming more sodium knowingly or unknowingly. Once you find out, it’ll be easier for you to eliminate that with some changes.

Pregnancy

Some women may suffer from cankles because of pregnancy. During the pregnancy the ankles may swell and cause cankles. This is quite common because of poor circulation during this time. So if you’re pregnant and you are suffering from cankles, it may be because of your condition and it may go away after your pregnancy is over. To avoid swelling of the ankles, you can reduce or completely avoid high sodium, processed and fast foods. Staying active will also help you to feel better and to avoid swelling of the ankles. Regular exercise will help you because it will promote circulation of blood which is important to avoid cankles. However, before you start exercising it is very important to consult your OB/GYN and then only proceed with the exercise program. Elevation and massages are two other important elements which will help you by improving the flow of blood to your feet and it will also reduce fluid retention, if any.

References

1. No More Cankles
2. What Causes Cankles And Ways To Tone Them
3. Turn your cankles back into ankles

Your mind power and memory are two very important elements of your life but with age and time they slow down, deteriorate or suffer from different problems. However, different studies have found that there are ways which can help you to boost your mind power and memory. Some adjustments and changes to your existing lifestyle can help you to improve your memory and mind power, which will help you to have a better life. The following tips will help you to understand how you can increase your mind power and memory.

Get a good sleep

If you are not able to sleep or if you have a poor sleep, it will have its effect on everything in your life. It will directly impact your memory. Sleeping is important because this is the time when your brain will solidify the connections between neurons and as a result of that you can remember things better. You need at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep every day. Getting mostly will help you to improve your memory. So find out what will help you to sleep better and more and indulge in it.

Stop multitasking

For a better mind power and memory, you need to stop multitasking. If you’re trying to juggle too many things, you cannot concentrate or focus on any one of them. Your brain does not actually multitask, instead, it switches focus from one thing to another. It is better to concentrate on the task at hand.

Medication

As you know medication is very beneficial for you, your mind and your memory. Your brain starts to decline in your 20s and continues to decrease both in size and volume. Meditation is very important to delay any type of cognitive decline. It will also prevent neurodegenerative diseases. It is beneficial because it will create a positive charge in your brain’s gray matter. Meditation can help you to improve your memory and learning and self-awareness. Meditation is also beneficial because it’ll reduce stress in your life which will not only improve your physical health but will also positively impact your mental health.

Exercise

Exercise helps your body and your mind and it also helps your memory. When you exercise, it increases your heart rate and as a result more blood flow to your brain. More blood going to your brain will help you to improve your memory. You can go for any type of exercise such as running, biking, swimming or anything else that you like because all these types of physical activities will help you. Those physical activities which require hand eye coordination or complex motor skills are more beneficial for your brain and memory. Exercise will keep your body healthy and a healthy body will ensure that you also have a healthy mind.

Ayurvedic medicines

Ashwagandha is an Ayurvedic medicine which will help you by promoting memory. It is useful because it can prevent nerve cell damage. You can take it in the form of powder or tablet. This is very helpful in improving your brain’s memory functions. You’ll be able to focus more and concentrate more on the things that you do. It is also good for you because it can keep you safe from Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. Fish all and fish oil supplements are also good for you because they will help you by promoting growth of neurons. They will also lower the possibility of dementia. Omega-3 fatty acids present in fishes and fish supplements will help you to boost your memory and mind power.

References

1. Zox Pro Training Companion Product – Infinite Intelligence System
2. The Influence of Colour on Memory Performance
3. Boost your memory by eating right