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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.




Complementary Reading


Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS can be very uncomfortable for anyone. There are certain specific diets available which will help you to reduce the irritation and discomfort. Let’s know more about these diets.

High fibre diet

When you consume more fibre it will add bulk to your stool and that is beneficial in its movement. As an adult, you will need 20 to 35 g of fibre everyday but most people do not consume such amount of fibre. You can add fibre rich foods to your diet to increase the amount of fibre you are consuming every day. Such foods include fruits, vegetables and whole grains. People who suffer from bloating due to high fibre intake, they can consume soluble fibre. This fibre is present in fruits and vegetables.

Low fibre diet

high-fibre diet can be good for many people who were suffering from IBS but it is seen that in some people it may not be very good especially if they are already suffering from frequent gas and diarrhea problem. High-fibre can worsen the situation for them. However, that does not mean that you should completely eliminate five from your diet. Instead, he can use soluble fibre sources which are available in different fruits and other food products like apples, carrots, berries and oatmeal.

Soluble fibre is important and since it does not add extra bulk, it is also fine for people who cannot eat insoluble fibre. It is also possible to take an anti-diarrhoeal medicine 30 minutes before you eat fiber.

Low-fat diet

High-fat foods can cause different health problems such as obesity, weight gain etc. High fat diets can really bad for people who are already suffering from IBS because those foods can worsen the situation. There are also bad for anyone suffering from IBS because they are generally low in fibre and may result in constipation. If you are suffering from constipation and diarrhea resulting from IBS, you should always avoid high-fat diets. You need a low-fat diet because it’s good for you when you are suffering from IBS. It is also good for your heart and can help you to control bowel symptoms. Reduce or stop eating fried foods and animal fats. You can replace them with lean meats, vegetables, fruits, grains and low-fat dairy products.

Gluten-free diet

Gluten is a protein and it may not be a good element for people who are gluten intolerant. In them, gluten can damage the intestines. If you have sensitivity or intolerance to gluten, you may experience IBS and if that is the case, you should focus on a gluten-free diet. Gluten is present in braid and pasta. It is available in barley, wheat and rye. Eliminating these products from your diet will help you to get rid of IBS if you are suffering from IBS because of sensitivity or intolerance to gluten. For people who are suffering from IBS but still like braid and pasta, they can always find gluten-free versions of these products.

Elimination diet

The elimination diet will eliminate some of the food items from the diet. You can eliminate such foods for an extended period of time just to see if your IBS symptoms improve on not. Coffee, chocolate, nuts and insoluble fibre are the four main culprits that may cause or worsen your IBS condition. If you yourself find out that a particular food is causing more problems for you and resulting in IBS, you can yourself eliminate that foods from your diet for a few weeks and notice the difference, if there is any.


1. The Ibs Miracle ™ With Free 3 Months Consultations/a>
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Low-FODMAP Diet for Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome




Are you experiencing painful sensations in your big toe? Does it seem like your big toe is starting to lean towards your other toes? Is a large bump starting to form on the side of your big toe? There is a strong possibility that you have a bunion if you answered yes to these questions.


Bunions are notorious for putting an enormous amount of pressure on the big toe. This is the primary reason why inflammation and pain occurs. Fortunately, there are some measures you can take that can help you deal with the pain. In this article, we are going to take a close look at 5 ways to ease bunion pain. They are well-known for providing comfort to people from all walks of life.


Use Ice


Ice has an impeccable reputation with foot physicians when it comes to helping their patients deal with the discomfort or pain that comes from a bunion. Simply wrap several cubes of ice in a thick paper towel or thin washcloth. Place the ice on your toe join for ten to twenty minutes. The pain or discomfort will subside when the ice constricts the blood vessels in your big toe.


Comfort Shoes


Many people get bunions because they fail to wear shoes that fit on their feet properly. To avoid the pain that comes from bunions, you should avoid wearing high-heels or tight shoes. You should wear shoes that that offer extra comfort to your feet. For instance, it's not a bad idea for you to buy a pair of medical shoes. They have special features that you cannot find in normal shoes.


Wearing high-end sneakers will also do the trick. High-end sneakers have extra padding and more space in the toe area. Their thick soles will do a wonderful job at minimizing the shock that comes from walking on hard surfaces. This is what your bunion feet need.


Bunion Ointment and Cream


Besides oral medicines, you can use bunion ointment or cream to ease the pain. You can find bunion ointment or cream at your local drug store. Luckily, you don't need a prescription to buy it. Just ask your pharmacist to point out the ointment or cream that offers the best results. They will be more than happy to help you.


Foot Gymnastics


Foot gymnastics is where you take your feet through a series of exercises that counteract bunion forming forces. Grabbing small objects with your toes and spreading your toes apart will encourage more blood flow into your toes. These exercises will keep your toes flexible and supple.


Oral Medication


Oral medication can knock out bunion pain within minutes. In most cases, you will have to see your physician to get oral medication for your discomfort. Make certain you follow the medication's instructions carefully.


Dealing with bunion pain is difficult for everyone. Unfortunately, the discomfort or pain can surface anytime during the day. You can ease bunion pain if you take heed to the tips listed above. They are known for providing exceptional results.




If you know about yoga, probably you already know how yoga can help you to improve your health and maintain it. Yoga can keep you from many health problems and make you live a better and healthier life. Besides improving your body tone and other features, yoga can also help you to make your face look better. Yoga is even better than any face lifting procedure. Let’s find out how yoga can help you to make you look better.


There are 52 muscles in your face and if you exercise them it will help you by releasing facial tension, neck and eye strain. The muscles present in your face and not different from the muscles present in different parts of your body. If you do not exercise your muscles, they become flabby and weak and the same can happen to your face. When you start to age, it will show up on your face but with face Yoga, you can improve how you look even at an older age. When you relax the facial muscles, it can remove the wrinkles from your face. It is important to focus on the jaw, brow and forehead because these are the places where we hold tension. Face Yoga can definitely help you to remove the wrinkles and maintain the face as it is.

Such facial exercises or facial yoga is a very natural way of making yourself looks younger. You look younger because your face muscles toned. A simple exercise like clenching your face muscles will improve the circulation of blood and as a result of that you will have a clear and healthy complexion along with a beautiful blue.

Facial yoga can also help you to make your jawbone more prominent, and enhance the cheekbones. It will also make your face look better by removing the existing excess fat in your face.

Simple face exercises

Let's find out some of the simple face exercises that you can practice anywhere including your office.

Puff up your cheeks

Puff out both the cheeks and then shift the air in your mouth from one cheek to another. Do it five times. Then release the air and make a small o. simply repeat it 3 to 4 times.

Look up at the ceiling

First look up and pucker your mouth as if you are kissing something or someone. Hold that position for five seconds and then repeat five times. If you want a prominent jawline and high checkbones, simply stick out your tongue while doing this exercise. That will also help you to stretch and strengthen the muscles present in your neck.


Drop your jaw and open your mouth and make a small o using the lips. Keep your jaw dropped and now widen the lips as if you are going to smile. Now to the same by making a big o. Alternate between small o and big o for about 10 times.

Stick your tongue out

If you stick your tongue out as far as it will go. If possible, hold this post for 60 seconds. Repeat it 3 to 4 times.

Fish face

purse your lips and smile doing that. Now create a fresh face. To do that, suck the inside of your cheeks into the between the sides of your teeth. Do this five times to have farm and toned lips and cheeks.

Remove Crow’s feet

This is a very wonderful exercise that you can perform and it is very effective against lines around your eyes. Such lines are known as crow’s feet. First open your eyes wide as if you are scared. Use your hands to pull the skin back. That will help you to eliminate crow’s feet.


1. Facelift Without Surgery
2. Yoga
3. The effectiveness of facial exercises for facial rejuvenation: a systematic review.

If you have man boobs, it is possible to get rid of them. You can lose your man boobs naturally with the help of the following tips.

Eat healthier

In most of the cases man boobs are the result of eating junk food for years. These junk foods contain more calories in comparison to whole foods. If you want to lose man boobs, you will need to eat healthier foods.

Healthier foods will include more meats, chicken, vegetables, fish and fruits. You can eat grains but that should be done in moderation. You don’t have to become a complete vegetarian because that is your choice. Lean protein is important and it can come from meat, fish or vegetables.

You will need to eat less junk, reduce your alcohol and soda consumption.

Get stronger

Getting stronger will help you to lose your man boobs. Muscle size is directly related to the strength gain. Strength training will help you to build your muscle and to tone your body. It is possible to provide a better shape to your chest. Lifting weights can help you to do that besides building your muscle and toning your body. When you lift weight, it will also help you to burn more calories. Strength training will also help you by promoting healthier food choices and it will provide you the motivation to stick to your diet.

Fix your posture

Fixing your posture will also help you to eliminate man boobs. If you were sitting behind a desk all day it may tighten your chest muscles and result in slouching shoulders and if that happens your man boobs will look worse. This is similar to the condition where if you sit for prolonged periods of time, it can result in tightening of your hip muscles which will make your belly look bigger. Exercise can help you to fix your posture problem. The first important step is to become aware of the problem with your posture and then to rectify it.

When you walk or sit down, you should practice to keep your shoulders back and letting them slouch. A few simple exercises can help you to improve your posture dramatically.

Lose fat

Studies have found that more fat may result in the release of man boob boosting hormones and it can also imbalance the estrogen to androgen ratio.

Become one with the bench

You will need to learn to love the bench press because it will help you to eliminate the man boobs. It is a comprehensive exercise for your chest and it is a compound movement which will help you to restore the balance of your hormones. That will help you to eliminate the man books you have developed. A research published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology studied the acute hormonal response to heavy resistance exercise. The study found that levels of testosterone significantly increased after heavy resistance training and that is what you need.

Specific workouts

There are different specific workouts which have been developed for the specific reason of targeting the man boobs. They are very effective because they are specifically targeted to eliminate the man boob problem. Many of them are science-backed program. These workouts are often combined with the right nutrition necessary for eliminating the man boobs and providing the proteins necessary for building more muscles. Effective workouts to eliminate your man boobs and provide it with support with the right diet for a few weeks and you will start seeing the results of such programs.


1. How To Lose Man boobs Naturally
2. Breast reduction for men
3. Gynecomastia in Adolescent Males




If you're still not over 50 years old, you're probably not thinking too much about the health changes of aging. Of course, there are a lot of things you can do in order to prevent certain diseases from taking over your body, but sometimes we develop some medical affections just because we're getting older. There are a few classes of health issues that affect today’s seniors. Some of them are chronical issues and some physical. Here are a few diseases that affect people as they're starting to get older.


Obesity is an important senior health risk factor, especially for heart diseases. About three-fourths of adults aged 60 and older are overweight or obese. Older people that suffer from obesity can also develop other affections, because obesity is related to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure and many others. Women, especially the ones in menopause, usually start accumulate fat around the waist and hips, and men get the gut.

Alzheimer's Disease

One in three seniors dies with Alzheimer's or another dementia. This disease is the most common cause of dementia and it represents brain damage and the death of cells that affect brain function and cognitive ability. This type of disease usually begins with minor memory loss and confusion, but later progresses to more severe cognitive and physical impairment. Having a member in your family that deals with Alzheimer's or any other type of dementia can be tough. Fortunately, there are a lot of ways that help you handle taking care of a person affected by dementia, like aged care packages.

Heart Disease

Heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States, especially for seniors over age 65. The numbers are really scary, given the fact that heart disease affects 37 percent of men and 26 percent of women 65 and older, according to the Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. This type of disease refers to a variety of disorders like: pericarditis, myocarditis, cardiomyopathy or hypertension. Good news is that you can reduce the risk of being affected by a heart disease by as much as 80 percent, if you live a healthy lifestyle.

Vision and Hearing Loss

Over 119 million people aged 40 and older are affected by age-related eye diseases like: macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy or glaucoma. This kind of situation can be kept under control if we take regular eye exams, or change some aspects of our lifestyle. If you ever thought of trying to quit smoking, now might the perfect time to do it, because smokers are at higher risk for macular degeneration.


Recent studies show that people affected by hearing loss are also often affected by depression, which is another medical affection associated with aging. The obvious solution to this problem is using a hearing aid, but unfortunately, only one out of four people are able to use this device. The majority of people suffering from hearing loss are age 65 or older, but 29 percent of them can be as young as 45 years old.


Aging itself can't be considered a disease, but it's a sure thing that it brings complications. There are a lot of research projects developing in the world today, all of them happening in order to determine the effect of age on the human body. Some of them are inevitable results of getting older, but part of them can be prevented by taking care of what




Lots of guys feel insecure about their appearance. They’ve maybe seen too many six packs on the front cover of magazines. It doesn’t sound like a particularly big problem, but it’s causing a large amount of mental health issues.


Maybe this has always been the case and we’re only starting to acknowledge it. We’ll have to do something about it too. If you feel self-conscious about your looks you might want to consider cosmetic surgery. Let’s look at a few options available to you.

Liposuction Will Help You Look Defined

There are lots of different liposuction procedures being carried out, but Vaser High Definition is good for men. When you visit a clinic they’ll use ultrasound technology to melt your fat until it turns to liquid.


It’s a non-aggressive way to remove fat from your body, so you won’t be left with scars. You will be left with visible muscles you can display proudly. It’s perfect for guys who aren’t carrying lots of extra body fat around.

Replace Your Old Tooth With an Implant

They say you can tell a lot about people by looking at their teeth. It’s obvious why someone will feel insecure if they have a dark tooth. Unfortunately, when you remove a root it will die.


You can do a number of different things at this point, but getting a dental implant is the most impressive one. Sadly, it’s the most expensive too. If you can afford it, you won’t regret it for a second.

Removing a Tattoo Once You Get Older

Nobody cares what they do with their body when they’re young. It’s why you see people with so many tattoos. You can like almost all of your tattoos, but if you hate one it can affect your confidence.


It’s becoming much easier to remove tattoos today, so your mistake doesn’t have to stay with you forever. Just know the removal process will be more than a few sessions. You’ll want to celebrate once it’s all over.

Nobody Wants to Suffer From Gynecomastia

Some guys who visit the gym on a regular basis decide they want to start taking steroids. Suddenly, they discover their breasts look enlarged. It can happen to a small percentage of men who don’t take drugs too.


You want to feel confident when you take your top off at the beach, which won’t happen if you’ve got man boobs. If you go under the knife they’ll be able to cut the excess tissue away and you’ll look amazing.

Say Goodbye to Your Receding Hairline

Lots of companies tried to sell useless hair products in the past. Magic formulas that would cause your hair follicles to blossom. It was just an easy way for bad people to steal your hard-earned money.


Hair transplants have come on leaps and bounds recently, so there is hope if want a lovely head of hair again. It can be rather expensive depending on what you’re having done and who is doing it.

Botox Injections Will Deal With Wrinkles

It’s very common to get botox injections now. Some people have the procedure done during their lunch break before heading back to work. You’ll simply be injected in the muscles that cause wrinkles.


The Clostridium botulinum will block signals to the nerves of those muscles. If they can’t contract your wrinkles will relax. You will need to have this done more than once if you like the results.

Don’t Feel Self-Conscious Any Longer

Are cosmetic procedures the best way to deal with insecurity? Absolutely not, you’ll still need to deal with the root of the problem. They are so easy and effective you shouldn’t ignore them.