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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Complementary Reading

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You can always use a few important tips for improving your performance in the bedroom. These tips will help you to perform better when you need to.

Talk about it

Many couples do not talk about sex and they do not know what one wants from the other. In a relationship as time passes, everything can be taken for granted and people may just go through the motions without understanding on knowing about the wishes of the partner. Some people even don’t know what they want. It is important to talk about sex so that both the partners know what the other wants in bed. Communication is very vital in any relationship and it is more so in case of sex.

Exercise

Yes, exercise can help you with your sex life. Regular exercise will not only keep you in the best shape of your life, it will also keep you internally healthy for the best performance. If you are getting regular exercise, it will improve your self-esteem, self-image, libido and external and internal health. Even getting 15 minutes of exercise daily will help you. The physical aspects of sex will be more enjoyable for you when you are in the best shape and health. Exercise is also important for you because it will improve your cardiovascular health, which means the flow of blood to your audience will increase and that is very much important for your sex life.

Eat healthy

Your performance in the bedroom will depend a lot on your diet. You need to treat your body right and provide it with good and right foods so that he can stay healthy. The same is true for your libido. If you focus on healthy foods which will reduce your cholesterol levels and at the same time will improve your cardiovascular system, it will help you by improving flow of blood to different organs in your body. That will help you to achieve the peak performance in the bed.

Abstain from it

Even though it may not feel as a very good tip, but it will eventually help you. Too much of everything is bad for you. If you have too much of sweat, you will not want to have sweet and will not enjoy the sensation equipped suite can provide you. Abstaining from sex for some time will help you to increase your libido and you will want to move because you’re not getting it for some time. Abstinence can before a few days, a weekend or even a week. It will increase your lust for the act and you will start thinking about it more.

Use the technology right way

The technology is in your hand and you can use it the right way if you know how to do that. Keep her in the mood for sex by offering her some visual and textual sensation. text messages, voice messages and other methods will help you to deliver the right message to her during the day and she will be ready for you at night. Send her an email, call, or send an SMS. sexy messages can do a lot many things for you.

Foreplay

A very important part for enjoyment and satisfaction during sex is the foreplay. Do not skimp on foreplay. It does not matter how long you have been a couple. Foreplay can help in stronger orgasm and improved sex. Performing foreplay is like gearing up for the next important task. It will increase your sensitivity, excitement and strength of orgasm and you will enjoy this act more than before.

References

1. Female Pleasure Guru – Men’s Sex Guide
2. Sexual Health
3. Sexual Health

If you are suffering from any addiction, it may be a little difficult for you to get rid of that. It may be an addiction to alcohol, tobacco, drugs, sex, lying and gambling or anything else. Fighting an addiction and overcoming it is not very easy but the following tips will help you to fight it better.

Decide to quit

This is the first step for overcoming an addiction. Unless you decide to overcome the addition that is causing problems in your life, other people may not be able to help you. Even though other people may try but it may not work at all because you’re not interested. First of all, you will need to decide to quit. Simply write down the harmful effects of your addiction on you and your life. Think about it and write it down. Writing is important because only then you will be able to understand the big negative impact it is having on your life. Also make a list of the positive changes you want in your life. Then you will need to write down your quitting commitment. Your commitment is very important because without it all the efforts to overcome the addiction may not be possible. Overcoming addiction is very difficult and if you don’t have any commitment at all or you have very less commitment, you’ll not get through.

Make a plan

This is a very important step in the process of overcoming different types of addictions. You need a plan so that you can work on it. The plan will make it easier for you. Set a date to quit the addiction. Then seek personal and professional support. There are professional supports available in different forms which can help you professionally to make the plan and stick to it. There are different programs available which will help you to overcome any type of addiction that you have. There are support groups and forums which can help you tremendously in your journey to overcome any type of addiction. Find out the triggers that make you automatically want to indulge in the addiction and once you find that, it’ll be easier for you to eliminate them slowly from your life.

It is also very important to get the environment ready for the change. You will need to remove the triggers from the environment at home and at work. If there is anything that reminds you of the habit, remove them from your car, home and workplace.

Start working

Now he need to start working to quit the addictive behavior which is causing so much of trouble you life. Stop it as you planned in your plan. Keep your commitment and promise to yourself and quit. The initial days will be difficult and you will need to struggle a lot to eliminate the destructive behavior and habit.

Fill your time with something that you like so that it can distract yourself from following the same behavior and slipping back to the same addictive behavior. You can join a new club, a sports team, a community group; make new friends although something different and new so that you don’t have lots of free time in your hand.

Exercising regularly will also help you to get rid of the addictive behavior easily. Besides filling your time, regular exercise will also release endorphin in your body which will make you feel good. Regular exercise will also improve your health and it’ll support you mentally and physically during that time when you try to stop the addictive behavior.

Do not forget to celebrate your accomplishments because they will motivate you to work harder and stick to your commitment to overcome the addiction.

References

1. Truth Of Addiction Help With Addiction
2. Introduction to Behavioral Addictions
3. Addiction Science

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It's no secret that obesity is a worrying concern in America, and increasingly, the rest of the world. At least 2 in every 3 Americans are overweight and the number of obese children is growing rapidly. There's little dispute on the negative consequences of gaining too much weight. Many people however get fixated with the numbers such as BMI, weight and blood sugar levels when there's much more.

Obesity has a direct link to a number of health risks. In fact, obesity and the sedentary lifestyle are thought to cause a thousand deaths each in the US. Whereas obesity affects men and women almost equally, there are certain burdens that hit men particularly hard.

1.   Testosterone Deficiency

Testosterone is the primary male hormone. It's responsible for the large muscles, strong bones, beard and deep voice that characterize the male gender. It is also the trigger for the libido, sperm production and the development of male reproductive organs.

Testosterone levels surge during puberty and reach their peak in the early years of adulthood. After a number of years of stability, it begins its drift downward at the start of middle age. The decline is at just 1% each year so many older men retain a near normal testosterone level.

Obesity accelerates the reduction of testosterone levels. Waist circumference is an especially strong predictor of deficiency. A 4-inch increase in waist circumference increases a man's testosterone deficiency risk by 75%.

2.   Erectile Dysfunction

Men who experience erectile dysfunction (ED) are quick to blame testosterone deficiency. On the contrary, hormonal disorders are responsible for just 3% of ED incidents. Even at relatively normal testosterone levels, obese men are at higher risk of ED than the general male population.

Several studies have shown a correlation between bigger waist sizes and ED. Of course, establishing a correlation is one thing while identifying ways to better erectile function is entirely another. Unsurprisingly though, research has demonstrated that the reverse is also true. That is, weight loss has led to improved performance in the bedroom.

In one study, 30 percent of overweight men managed to correct their ED without medication by simply losing weight (for an insightful primer on ED, see PriceProPharmacy).

3.   Kidney Stones

Erectile dysfunction can be a cause of psychological pain and deep embarrassment for men and their partners. Kidney stones aren't as personal or as crippling to a man's self-esteem but they certainly cause far more physical pain. Kidney stones affect men twice as much as women. Obesity increases the risk even further.

A study of nearly 50,000 men established that large waists and high BMIs both increased the risk of kidney stones by as much as 44%. The study didn't explore the reasons for this link but later research hinted at overweight individuals dumping a higher than average amount of calcium in their urine which in turn sped up the formation of stones.

4.   Prostate Cancer

Obesity raises prostate cancer risk in two ways. First, obesity depresses prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Doctors often rely on PSA to detect prostate cancer early. By artificially lowering the PSA, obesity makes it harder for any cancer indicators to be picked up before it enters an advanced and harder to treat stage.

Second, the extra body fat itself increases the risk of developing prostate cancer. One study by the American Cancer Society showed that being overweight raises prostate cancer risk by 8%, obesity increases risk by 20% while severe obesity grows risk by 34%. In addition, obesity increases the chances of the cancer spreading beyond the prostate, and makes it likely that relapse will occur after treatment.

5.   Colorectal Cancer

A higher BMI is linked to a greater risk of rectal and colon cancers in both women and men. However, the increase in risk is higher among obese men than obese women. Men who are obese are roughly 30% more likely to get colorectal cancer than lean men.

One explanation has been that obesity increases the chances of developing the precancerous growths known as colorectal polyps. Elevated levels of the leptin (fat hormone) have been linked to polyp growth.

 

In today's world, obesity and being overweight is gradually becoming the norm. It's not normal though. Obesity has made arthritis, heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes fairly common. That's already bad enough but obesity goes even further by exacerbating male maladies such as prostate cancer and erectile dysfunction.

Shedding extra pounds is never easy but neither is it impossible. There's certainly no instant fix. There's however a slow, steady and tested path to weight loss. Adjust your eating habits, reduce your calorie intake and get into a regular exercise routine.

12

Keratosis Pilaris is also known as “chicken skin” and this problem is more often seen on your arms or legs. It is a common skin condition and many people are affected by this problem.

There are different types of treatments available for keratosis pilaris. There are some natural treatments available which will help you to get immediate relief and eliminate this problem from your life. Let’s find out what natural treatments you have for keratosis pilaris.

Gentle exfoliation

you can gently exfoliate using sea salt. It is possible to remove dead skin and unplug the hair follicles in your body through the process of gentle exfoliation. It will not irritate your skin and aggravate the problem. Sea salt is a natural and gentle exfoliator and it has anti-inflammatory properties which will sooth the skin. It will also remove your dead skin cells and maintain the moisture levels.

Mix 2 teaspoons of sea salt and 4 teaspoons of raw honey to make your own home-made scrub. Honey is important because it is a natural source of skin boosting nutrients and acids and it works as a natural moisturizer. Apply the mixture on the affected area and rub it on the skin gently after which keep it there for 15 minutes. Then rinse with warm water. You can make a home-made body scrub by using sea salt, honey, coconut oil, and jojoba oil.

Moisturize every day

moisturizing your skin is very important and you need to do it every day. It is more important if you’re suffering from keratosis pilaris. For moisturization, you can use a natural and non-irritating product. If moisturization is done along with dry brushing, it will be more beneficial for the patients. Apply a natural moisturizer like avocado to the affected area. That will reduce inflammation and will also hydrate the affected area. Your skin will feel better once you put avocado on the affected area. Avocado is also good for you because it contains vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for keratosis pilaris patients as it will help you by reducing redness and support skin cells.

There are some other natural moisturizers available which you can put on your skin. They include coconut oil, aloe vera and jojoba oil. Coconut oil is very good for you because it will help you in fighting chronic skin conditions including keratosis pilaris. After taking bath, you can apply coconut oil all over your body because it will keep your skin healthy and will protect you from different types of skin conditions.

Dry brushing

dry brushing will also help you to get rid of keratosis pillar arrays problem naturally. It will help you to unclog pores and at the same time remove dead skin cells. You can take a bristle brush and brush your skin in a long sweeping motions with it. Do not forget to brush any area of your body. Do it on dry skin. While brushing, you need to remember not to irritate your skin because that will cause inflammation. The main objective of dry brushing is to remove the dead skin and unclog hair follicles. Once you complete the brushing, you need to take a shower and then pat dry your skin. You can use a natural oil like coconut oil on the affected area after bathing.

Use mild soaps

if you are suffering from keratosis pilaris, it is very important that you are very careful with the soaps you are using. You should only use nature and, non-toxic and mild soaps. Any other soap may irritate the skin and result in more redness and build up. Use soaps that contain all natural and chemical free ingredients.

References

1. Living With Kp – Get Rid Of Keratosis Pilaris Naturally
2. Keratosis Pilaris Revisited
3. Keratosis pilaris

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If you have been diagnosed with type II diabetes, you need to make sure that you avoid foods which can cause your blood sugar levels to spike. Even if you do not have the condition, it makes sense to avoid these foods, or limit your intake. Not doing so can eventually lead to you becoming insulin resistant.

Foods that cause blood sugar to spike are not always what you might imagine; you do not have to sit eating cookies all day to be at risk.

 

  • Measuring blood sugar levels

 

If you suffer from type II diabetes, it’s important that you measure your blood sugar levels on a regular basis. Your doctor will advise you about how often you need to do this. When you are first diagnosed, find out how to order medical supplies. This is important, as you need to make sure that you have the supplies in place to maintain a regular blood testing schedule, as instructed.

 

  • Foods to be wary of

 

Knowing how to measure your blood sugar levels is only part of the story; you also need to know how to control them. Diet is a major factor in this control. There are certain foods that can cause blood sugar to spike, and that should usually be avoided if you already have diabetes. If you do not already have the condition, it’s a good idea to cut down on these foods; to protect your overall health and to reduce your chances of being diagnosed.

  • White rice

If you eat a lot of white rice in your diet, more than five servings a week, you increase the risk of developing type II diabetes. It’s better to eat brown rice which contains more fiber. This fiber helps to control blood sugar levels in your body.

  • White bread

White bread is made using refined flour. This type of flour is easy and quick for the body to digest. This quick digestion can lead to a rise in blood sugar levels in the body. Eating whole grain products is a better idea and can also result in you having less of the type of body fat that can trigger type II diabetes.

  • Sugary drinks

This is possibly a more obvious dietary item to avoid. High sugar drinks are popular but they are bad for your health in many ways. Replacing a bottle of soda with plain tap water helps to prevent rises in blood sugar levels and can also help you to lose weight.

  • Red meat

Eating red meat, especially processed forms, every day of your life increases the amount of saturated fat in your body. This type of fat can have an adverse effect on the function of the pancreas, leading to insulin resistance and increased blood sugar levels. It’s important to seek out healthy protein sources, such as nuts and beans, instead.

  • Fast food

Many people love to eat fast food. If you are healthy, this is probably not going to cause you any long term damage, if it’s only an occasional treat. But, fast food can cause havoc with blood sugar levels; raising them by as much as 32%. This is why consumption of these foods should be kept to a minimum and avoided altogether if you have type II diabetes.

Maintaining a healthy diet is important; especially as you get older and health risks increase. Avoiding, or reducing the intake of, foods that cause blood sugar levels to spike is an important aspect of any healthy diet.

Hair loss may happen because many factors. If you know why you are losing hair, it may be easier for you to find a solution for the problem. Let’s find out and know more about the most common causes of hair loss.

Physical stress

If you have been through any physical stress recently, including surgery, an accident, severe illness, flu or anything similar, it can result in temporary hair loss. Such causes can start a type of hair loss known as telogen effluvium. Your head has a definite life cycle which includes a growth phase, rest phase and shedding phase. If you undergo any stressful event, it can shock the hair cycle and force more hair into the shedding phase. Such losses will be noticeable only 3 to 6 months after the trauma.

Hypothyroidism

If you are suffering from hypothyroidism, you may suffer from hair loss problem. Hypothyroidism happens due to underactive thyroid gland which is located in your neck. It is very critical for your metabolism and growth and development and lack of it will result in hair loss problem for many people.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy can be another physical stress which can result in hair loss. It is more commonly seen after the baby has been delivered. The birth process is traumatic and it can result in hair loss.

Heredity

Heredity can play a big role in deciding whether you will have hair loss problem or not. Female pattern hair loss which is known as androgenic or androgenetic alopecia is very similar to male pattern baldness. If your family has it, it is very likely that you will also have it. Generally women don’t have a receding hairline but their part may widen and they also may have noticeable thinning of hair.

Emotional stress

Many people suffer from hair loss problem because of emotional stress in their lives. Due to different conditions that put emotional stress on people like death of a loved one, divorce, depression, frustration etc. people may start losing hair. If there is a hair problem already existed before the emotional stress, the stress will exacerbate the problem.

Lack of protein

If you are not getting enough protein in your diet, it can also result in hair loss. It happens because your body will start rationing protein by shutting down hair growth. The effect will be seen 2 to 3 months after the reduction in protein happens. So, you need to ensure that you are getting the necessary protein from the important sources like fish, meat and eggs or vegetable protein sources.

More vitamin A

If you are consuming more vitamin A than necessary, then also you may suffer from hair loss problem. You should not consume more than 5000 International Units (IU) of vitamin A every day. If you are consuming any medicine that contains more vitamin A, then also you may suffer from hair loss problem. A vitamin supplement may contain 2500 to 10,000 IU. That is why, you should be very careful.

Male pattern baldness

this is something that happens in case of males. Two out of three men may experience hair loss by age 60 due to male pattern baldness. It is a hair loss which happens due to genes and male sex hormones. This hair loss problem will generally follow a pattern in which the hair recedes at the temples. It is easily recognizable from its classic M shaped hairline. There are different medicines available for this problem which will help you to control this.

References

1. Hair Loss Black Book
2. Hair Loss
3. Diet and hair loss