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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson’s disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox’s team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox’s team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

It is possible to lose weight and belly fat with the help of tea. There are different types of teas available which are good for you when you want to lose belly fat. Let's find out the best teas that can help you to lose belly fat.

Green tea

Green tea is one of the most well-known and popular types of tea available that can help you to lose belly fat. It also offers many other health benefits. It is popular because it is one of the most effective teas for losing belly fat. There are substantial evidences that link green tea to fat loss and bodyweight loss. A scientific study that lasted for 12 weeks whether participants drank either green tea or a placebo found that people who drank green tea lost 7.3 pounds more weight than the placebo group.

Another scientific study found that people who continue to take green tea extract for 12 weeks achieve significant decrease in body weight, body fat and waist circumference.

Green tea extract contains high levels of catechins, which is a naturally occurring antioxidant. It can boost your metabolism and increase fat burning. When you have a higher metabolism and you are burning more fat, you will see substantial fat reduction in your body.

Puerh Tea

Puerh Tea is another type of tea that can help you to lose belly fat. It is also known as pu’er or pu-erh tea. It is a Chinese black tea that has been fermented. It is generally taken after a meal. This type of tea contains an earthy aroma that tends to develop the longer it's stored.

It can reduce blood sugar and blood triglycerides. It can help you to lose body fat and weight. Scientific studies found that in three months it can help people to lose more bodyweight and body fat in comparison to people who do not drink this tea. It has an anti-obesity effect and it can is weight gain.

Black tea

Black tea is another type of tea that can help you to lose body fat. It undergoes more oxidation than other types of teas. There are different types and blends of black tea available that you can choose from. The popular varieties include Earl Grey and English Breakfast. It is a well-known fact that black tea is effective in weight control.

Scientific studies found that when you drink 3 cups of black tea every day for three months, it can significantly increase weight loss and also reduce waist circumference. Contains high levels of flavones which is one type of plant pigment with antioxidant properties. Scientific studies found that people who consume more flavones had a lower body mass index (BMI) in comparison to people with a lower flavone intake.

Oolong tea

It is a traditional Chinese tea has been partially oxidized. It has a fruity, fragrant aroma and a unique flavour. Several scientific studies found that oolong tea can help in enhancing weight loss. It does that by improving fat burning and increasing metabolism speed. Scientific studies also found that when overweight or obese people drank oolong tea for six weeks, it helped in reducing their body weight and body fat. This tea improves the metabolism of fat in the body and thereby helps you to lose belly fat and bodyweight. Oolong tea can increase energy expenditure by several percentages and can help you to burn additional calories every day.

References

1. Flat Belly Fix
2.The Belly Fat Study
3.Abdominal fat and what to do about it

urinary incontinence

Urinary incontinence is a struggle many people undergo throughout their lives, and could happen to anyone at any age. While it is a common condition, it can be embarrassing for those living with bladder control issues. The more you worry about accidents, the more this can get in the way of you enjoying your life.

Fortunately, certain lifestyle strategies can easy urinary incontinence and help prevent any leaks or unexpected accidents in your daily life. These are small changes you can make in your own daily life that may help ease your symptoms and enjoy your life more.

Cut Back on Caffeine

Caffeine is a known bladder irritant. According to the International Urogynecological Journal, moderate or high intake of caffeine can contribute to the occurrence of urinary incontinence. There are also other studies that indicate this. Coffee is the worst irritant as it contains large amounts of caffeine, but you should also cut back on other stimulants, such as tea, soda, hot chocolate, and energy drinks.

Quit Smoking

Smoking is an unhealthy habit for anyone to have, and everyone should quit smoking for their own health's sake. However, smoking can ultimately contribute to more accidents for people with urinary incontinence because of how often you cough. Smokers cough more, and coughing puts pressure on your pelvic muscles. The less you smoke, the less you cough, which leads to less strain.

Decrease Alcohol Consumption

Alcohol is another beverage that can irritate your bladder and trigger accidents or leaks. This is because alcohol is a diuretic, and therefore leads to increased urine production. On top of this, being intoxicated can cause your brain to become confused, which could trigger leaks. While it may not cause or contribute directly to your incontinence, it can trigger bladder dysfunction in those who are already suffering from this condition.

Try Bladder Training

Some people have found that bladder training has helped them manage instances of accidents or leaks. A bladder training routine is a form of behavioural therapy that can help you gain more control over your urinary behavior. This includes building and following a fixed washroom schedule and suppressing the urge to urinate in between those washroom visits. There are many techniques to do this, and finding one that works with your own schedule is important.

Focus on Healthy Eating and Weight Loss

Your weight has a lot to do with bladder control and incontinence. Excess body weight puts more pressure and strain on your pelvis, causing stress incontinence which leads to issues with bladder control. This does not mean you need to take on a stressful, strict diet. Eating nutritious, balanced meals and exercising regularly can help you adjust to a healthier lifestyle and achieve lasting weight loss.

Drink Enough Water

A common mistake many people with incontinence make is cutting back on fluid intake completely to reduce the urge to urinate. However, not getting enough water means you are increasing your risk for constipation, which can negatively impact your bladder. Additionally, not drinking enough water can also cause your bladder to become smaller, meaning more frequent accidents and leaks. Aim for six to eight glasses of water a day.

Create a Home Pelvic Exercise Routine

Bladder control begins with strong pelvic muscles. You can build strength in your own pelvic muscles through various at-home routines, particularly through regular kegel exercises. A kegel exercise consists of squeezing the pelvic muscles, as if you are stopping yourself from urinating. Try to do this multiple times per day, for up to 20 exercises at a time, to help build up strength. Yoga is also a great way to build body strength without putting too much strain on your pelvic muscles.

fertility clinic

When choosing any clinic or hospital, one of the biggest mistakes you can make is choosing the first one you find. That's because there are several aspects that you need to consider before picking one. The entire process behind fertility testing and treatment is long and may cost a lot of money, so you should be informed before committing.

Make sure they're open to communication

It's true that doctors and medical staff are always busy, but they should at least make an effort to answer your questions if you have any. A big no-no is when you're trying hard to even get them to talk to you, or they don't respond to a simple email. If that's the case when you're not a patient, they're going to be so much worse once you're being treated there.

Who will you be treated by

Infertility can be a serious issue that could potentially require the attention of a whole team and a few different doctors. This might not seem serious at first, and it's often not, but it might feel a bit impersonal if you have a different doctor every appointment. That's why it's important to ask ahead of time, so to be sure who is going to be on your case. A good private fertility clinic like The Surrey Park Clinic will be prepared for any eventuality, meaning they'll be able to accommodate you either way.

Is there an onsite lab

This can be a real critical issue when it comes to fertility clinics. You really wouldn't want to deal with a second place that's somewhere far away for tests, because there could potentially be plenty of tests and you don't need to go back and forth. If they have an onsite lab at the clinic, then that's a good sign, because it will save you a lot of hassle. If they don't have an onsite lab, make sure to ask how far away it is exactly.

Recommendations for your case

Every case is unique in its way, but not all of them are complicated or difficult. Doctors have experience knowing how to treat any type of issue, but sometimes there could be alternatives to the method they've suggested. The biggest question is how many alternatives are they recommending, and why or why not. Sometimes only one method works, others several. You need to open a dialogue with the clinic to understand everything ahead of time.

Do you like the staff

It's such a simple question that's often underrated or forgotten. If you have a good vibe from the clinic and its staff, then it might just be the right clinic for you. If you see that the staff is happy and that they've been there for a long time, then they're all glad to work together. That's the type of clinic that you'd want to be treated in.

It's not easy choosing a fertility clinic. There are a lot of questions that you need to ask and several things that you'd need to consider. Make sure to not rush choosing one, and you shouldn't have any issues with your chosen clinic.

cardiovascular health care

An Introduction to Heart Disease

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in developed and industrialised countries. Also known as cardiovascular disease, it generally refers to conditions or problems that arise due to narrow or blocked blood vessels which do not allow sufficient flow of blood and oxygen to the heart muscle which in turn leads to heart attacks, strokes or chest pain. There are various types of heart conditions like Arrhythmias, Atherosclerotic Disease, Congenital Defects, Dilated Cardiomyopathy and most common among them Coronary Heart Disease.

Causes of Heart Disease and Risk Factors

The risk factors for contracting heart disease used to be limited to certain demographics, but with today's standard of living and lifestyle choices, anyone can be at risk of the disease. Aging generally increases the risk of contracting Cardiovascular Disease, but it is no surprise that heart patients are getting younger and younger. Men are a lot more susceptible than women, but women's risk rise after menopause. Nicotine in cigarettes causes blood vessels to constrict and damages their lining putting smokers at a higher risk of contracting heart diseases than non-smokers. A family history of heart problems is a major Red flag that one could also have it. A poor diet, High Cholesterol levels, Obesity, Stress, Poor Hygiene, side effect of certain medication and uncontrolled High Blood Pressure are all factors that contribute to the rising cases of Cardiovascular Diseases. The knowledge that just about anybody of any age or gender can be susceptible to this disease through any of these risk factors is terrifying and while it is wise to be well informed and take care of our bodies, it is also imperative to be proactive in the search and pursuit of expert medical health care that will monitor our cardiovascular system, guide us on staying healthy and properly treat already existing conditions.

Cardiologists and Where to Find Them

Medical personnel are well trained and equipped to handle health issues of a general nature, but when it comes to certain body parts and organs, specialists are needed to step in. Doctors with specialized skill and training in finding treating and preventing heart diseases are called Cardiologists. These professionals are at the forefront of the fight against cardiovascular diseases, particularly in the developed first world nations where such cases are rife. Standard hospitals have Cardiology Units where one can visit a Cardiologist Specialist team of doctors for consultation and treatment. In our daily interactions with high-stress environments finding and maintaining a Cardiologist is a wise investment and Guy's and St. Thomas Private HealthCare, located at Westminster bridge road, London boasts one of the best Cardiology Units in the world.

Services and Facilities Available To Patients

The internationally acclaimed private hospital which serves locals and international patients offer the highest standard of care and current up to date treatment to patients with heart conditions. They boast of a team of Cardiologists, all pioneers in their field and state of the art modern medical technology and facilities to ensure their patients get the best possible care. Guy's and St. Thomas' Cardiology Unit is also one of the largest in the country. They have six Cardiac Catheterization Laboratories, they run the largest Transcatheter Structural Intervention Programmes in the UK, provide advanced Cardiac Electrophysiology services, and also have an advanced Cardiac Imaging System. They have performed a record-breaking number of heart procedures like Angiograms and Angioplasties, Ablation and Cardioversion, implanting of cardiac devices like Pacemakers and both invasive and non-invasive surgical procedures as the condition demands.

Final Take

Whatever kind of heart condition, the cardiology team at Guy's and St. Thomas Private Healthcare are well trained and prepared to receive patients, provide them with the best healthcare services available and as much as possible, restore their hearts to good health.

lung cancer

Integrative lung cancer treatment in Germany includes a number of options “ conventional and video-assisted surgical interventions, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted and immunotherapy. Despite the fact that surgery is the only curative technique in lung cancer treatment, chemotherapy also provides eligible patients with beneficial results. In addition, recent studies have shown that combination of chemotherapeutic agents with anti-PD-1 immunotherapy is efficient even in patients with nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer.

Early signs of lung cancer

Early alarming signs of lung cancer are individual and non-specific (i.e. may be present in other, non-oncological conditions). The most common of them include:

  • Chronic cough of the unknown etiology that is resistant to medications.
  • Blood in the sputum or rust-colored sputum.
  • Pain in the chest that is aggravated during coughing, deep breathing or laughing.
  • Shortness of breath during usual physical activity.
  • Weight loss, tiredness, fatigue.
  • Persistent lung infections.
  • Rarely “ changes in the shape of fingers (so-called finger clubbing).

In stable presence of one or few symptoms it is better to visit your general practitioner for further diagnosis clarification. Primary diagnostic measures will typically include sputum cytology, bronchoscopy with biopsy, CT scan or MRI.

Types of the malignant lung tumors

Lung cancer can arise from the alveolar tissue, small and small bronchi, or pleura. Despite the anatomical origin, all neoplasms can be referred to nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or smallcell lung cancer (SCLC). Determining the precise cancer type and stage is essential for the therapy planning, as different types of tumors are susceptible to different chemotherapeutic agents.

According to the American Cancer Society, NSCLC is more widespread. It is diagnosed in up to 85% of cases. Group of NSCLC tumors consists of large cell neoplasms, bronchoalveolar and squamous cell tumors, adenocarcinomas. Group of SCLC includes malignancies of the neuroendocrine origin.

Lung cancer may also arise as a result of other malignant tumors metastasizing. This is called secondary or metastatic disease. The most common causes of lung metastases include stomach and intestine malignancies, melanomas, and sarcomas.

Choosing the chemotherapeutic regimen

As a rule, chemotherapy administration pursues one of the following aims:

  1. Reducing size of the tumor before surgery.
  2. Destroying residual atypical cells after the surgery and relapse prevention.
  3. Enhancing action of the radiation therapy.
  4. Preventing the tumor growth and spreading.

Taking into consideration type and stage of the lung neoplasm, chemotherapy is performed in the following modes:

  1. Nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treatment includes neoadjuvant chemotherapy that is administered before the surgery, consolidation chemotherapy within up to 8 weeks after surgery, and chemoradiotherapy. The most efficient combinations are cisplatin or carboplatin with paclitaxel, etoposide, docetaxel or gemcitabine.
  2. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) treatment includes single-drug chemotherapy as the independent method, administration of the chemotherapeutic agents before or after the surgery, combination of chemotherapeuticals with irradiation. The most efficient schemes are Gemcarbo, carboplatin and etoposide, EP.
  3. Advanced cancer treatment typically includes sole chemotherapy, without surgery. In this case drugs can relieve symptoms and improve quality of life for a time. From 1 to 3 drugs may be used in this case. The most effective schemes are CAVE, ACE, CAV, Gemzar, etc.

Planning treatment abroad with Booking Health

You may choose to undergo treatment of lung cancer in Germany, outside your native country, for the financial, medical or private reasons. If you are seeking treatment of lung cancer by chemotherapy in Germany but do not have experience of receiving medical care abroad, it will be more convenient to use services of Booking Health. Booking Health is the only certified international medical tourism provider that successfully works with patients from 75 countries. Booking Health offers:

  • Choosing the best center and doctor with specialization in pulmonological oncology.
  • Booking appointment date or room in the hospital for the inpatient services.
  • Help in visa issuing, preparing papers for the trip.
  • Professional translation of the existing medical reports into German, so that a doctor will see the disease dynamics.
  • Additional monitoring of therapy by our independent medical experts.
  • Distant consultations with attending physician after returning home.
  • Control of therapy prices (saving up to 50%), checking the final calculation.
  • Booking tickets, accommodation, and transfer.
  • Services of interpreter.

Booking Health offers comprehensive support 24/7 while staying abroad. To start treatment in Germany planning, please, leave the request on the company's website and wait for the call from a specialist.

learning first aid

According to a survey conducted from 2014 to 2015, there were 12,600 deaths in Australia that were caused by injuries. A large majority of these cases were the result of falls, and most of the injuries were sustained in the house and workplace. If more people had received basic first aid training, many of these deaths could have been avoided.

First aid refers to emergency care provided to an injured or sick person before professional medical help arrives. It's critical to know first aid during medical emergencies, yet only 5% of the Australian population have undergone proper first aid training.

Companies today now recognise the importance of emergency medical aid and even appreciate applicants who have a first aid training certificate on their resume. Here, we're listing down 7reasons why having first aid training can benefit your career and help you save lives in the process:

1.       You become an important part of the company's emergency response procedures.

Businesses take employee safety seriously. In almost all emergency response procedures, they'll need to appoint one or a few first aid officers to take on the following responsibilities:

  • Treat the sick and injured
  • Coordinate with emergency services response when required
  • Report incidents and record treatments provided
  • Maintain, clean, and check first aid kits after use

Imagine if the company didn't have an employee who was trained in first aid. Who would the workforce turn to when someone is hurt during an emergency? Not only will this cause widespread panic, but also hinder the emergency response plan.

2.       You gain more self-confidence.

A healthy dose of self-confidence can go a long way, especially in work settings. When you're trained in first aid, you know that panicking can do more harm than good. This improves your ability to react calmly in high-pressure situations and assess emergencies with a level head.

3.       It implies you have good skills in teamwork, leadership, and communication.

Completing first aid training improves your ability to be a leader, team player, and fluent communicator. Once employers see this on your resume, they'll naturally assume you know how to take initiative and can be an asset to the company.

4.       You end up taking better care of yourself.

Good hygiene is essential in preventing illnesses and disease. First aid courses highlight the importance of staying clean, especially when dealing with injuries. Being trained in emergency care can help you maintain better hygiene, making you look well-groomed and respectable in a work setting.

5.       You become more aware of health risks and safety hazards.

Employers appreciate people who have a keen eye and can assess situations thoroughly. Depending on the industry you're interested in, your training in first aid can be especially valuable in assessing workplace safety.

  • You can help reduce employee recovery time.

Knowing first aid makes you capable of acting fast, which can make a big difference in the recovery time of a sick or injured person. Fast treatment contributes to faster healing. This means that treated employees are able to get back to work faster and maintain productivity levels within the company.

7.       You can help save lives.

Whether it's the life of your colleague, friend, family member, or a complete stranger, being able to save someone's life is a remarkable thing that anyone can appreciate. You can bet that employers know this too. Being trained in first aid tells others that you're someone who can make a difference when situations get difficult.

Most of the time, it's enough that employers can see that you're the type of person who's willing and able to step up in high-pressure situations. Having first aid training implies you care for others and aren't afraid to be a leader. These are admirable qualities both at work and life in general.