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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Complementary Reading

 

Is worrying getting you down? We're all familiar with feelings of anxiety and worry, but when they start interrupting the day and making it hard to achieve what you want to achieve, it can be difficult to just ˜switch it off'. Sometimes you need to put in place a range of things to help support you into feeling better.

 

Anxiety and constant worry can also make you constantly agitated leading go constant stress as well as feeling anger all the time. Alleviating your constant worry will not only help you improve your Anxiety but also help you manage your anger too.

 

So we've brought together a list of 9 things that can help you to combat anxiety. And remember, it's often really important to get support from a professional health carer, so make sure you talk to a doctor about managing your anxiety too.

 

Write down your worries

Have you stopped to identify what it is you're really worried about? While it might seem counter-intuitive to focus on your worries, it can actually be a great way to clear your mind and combat negative emotions.

 

Start practicing mindfulness

Mindfulness is the practice of being completely immersed in the present moment. Take time out, sit somewhere quiet, and focus on the hear and now. Acknowledge the worries than enter your mind, then let them drift away and refocus on the moment. Meditation or a nature walk can be a great way to do this too.

 

Accept uncertainty

Worry often causes you to fixate on things. And often these things are possibilities, or unknowns, that make you feel uncertain about the future. If you can recognise when this is taking over, try to focus on what is actually happening, rather than on what might happen. This is challenging, but if you can master it, it can help reduce your unnecessary worry.

 

Challenge Worrying Thoughts

As we talked about above, chronic worry can have you worrying about worst-case-scenarios, even if they're really unlikely to happen. Just like accepting uncertainty, it can also be really helpful to challenge those worrying thoughts. Trying looking at these situations from different perspectives. What are you really worried will happen? How likely is that to come true? Confronting it like this can help to alleviate worry before it escalates.

 

Focus on what you can control

Worry tends to build when you can't control something. It's that feeling of uncertainty again. So when you feel it building, try to redirect your thoughts towards something you can control in that moment. Shift your energy into a new task (maybe a simple household chore, or a new work task). Essentially, anything where you're allowing yourself to make decisions and be in control of the outcome.

 

Set aside some designated worry time, to stop it from seeping into everything

This might sound strange, but it can be helpful to give yourself time to reflect on particular problems, then move on. If you find yourself worrying outside of the time you've designated, make a point of shifting your thinking something else, or jot it down to think about later.

 

Look after yourself physically

Exercising and eating a healthy diet can go a long way towards helping you feel better. Exercise releases chemicals in your brain that counteract anxiety and low mood, so do your best to incorporate some form of exercise into each day.

Beyond that, giving your brain the right fuels is really important. Try to eat fresh, nutrient-dense foods to contribute to a healthy mind and body.

 

Talk to someone else

Bottling things up rarely helps, does it? By sharing your worries with a friend or talking to a professional therapist you can have an opportunity to see your worries and fears from a different perspective, and a chance to come across new solutions too. Professional help can be an invaluable support to managing excessive worry.

 

Managing worry can be really challenging, and when things feel overwhelming it's not always easy to know where to start. This list is designed to give you some practical things to do. And remember, asking for professional support can be a great way to get back to feeling like yourself again.

There are different ways to stop bad breath. You can use them depending on your present condition and the available resources that you have at your disposal. Let’s look at some of the simple ones.

Use a mouth rinse

If a dental problem is the cause of chronic bad breath, a mouth rinse will help you to get rid of it. But it will not cure it. The mouth rinse can only mask the bad breath. In some cases such a rinse can in fact worsen the situation because it may irritate oral tissues. In case of an emergency, you can always rinse the mouth with a mix of water and few drops of peppermint oil. If you have black or green tea, you can rinse your mouth with that because that will also help you to get rid of the bad breath. Green or black tea can eliminate the growth of bacteria in your mouth which is causing the mouth odor.

Avoid dry mouth

Dry mouth is another major reason of bad breaths and so you should try to avoid having a dry mouth. To ensure that, you will need to drink a sufficient amount of water, which is 6 to 8 glasses in a day, drinking water will help you to keep odor under control by washing away the food particles and bacteria from your mouth cavity. If you are suffering from a chronic dry mouth or if you a using any medicines that is causing the dry mouth problem, you should talk to your dentist. There are many over-the-counter saliva substitute available which can help you to keep your mouth wet.

Carrot, celery or apple

If you munch on a carrot or a stick of celery or an Apple, it will help you to get rid of bad breaths. When you eat a snack of crispy, fresh fruits and vegetables, it will increase flow of saliva in your mouth, which will wash away bacteria from your tongue, gums, and teeth. If you are hungry or on a fasting, it is more likely to have bad breath and such snacks can help you to get rid of bad breath caused by hunger or fasting. If you have an anti-stomach, you may suffer from bad breath because acids in the stomach will build up and will cause bad breath.

Go to your dentist

If you are having bad breath, it is likely that you have a dental problem and in that case, it is a wise decision to go visit your dentist. Your dentist will be able to find out what problem you have and will be able to rectify the problem. If you do not have any dental problems or the dentist finds out that the bad breath is caused by a systemic source like an infection, he will refer you to a family physician or a specialist who will be able to find a remedy for the problem.

Sugarless candy or gum

Chewing a sugarless gum or sucking on a sugarless candy will help you to avoid bad breath because they will stimulate saliva flow. The saliva is important because it can wash away food debris and bacteria that ultimately results in bad breath.

Quit smoking

If you want to eliminate bad breath, you will need to quit smoking and avoid tobacco products. Smoking directly contributes to bad breath. If you use tobacco, be careful about it because tobacco will dry out your mouth and will also leave an unpleasant smell which cannot be eliminated even after brushing.

References

1. Bad Breath Free Forever
2. “Goodbye” Bad Breath No more barriers to people
3. Oral malodour (halitosis)

3

If we improve your eyesight, it is possible to do that naturally. Let’s find out how you can improve your eyesight naturally.

Eat for a bright eyesight

your diet can help you to have a bright eyesight. The eyes need multiple nutrients for functioning at the optimum level. You will need vitamins A, C, E and minerals such as copper and zinc for better eyesight. You will need antioxidants like beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. They will protect the macula from sun damage.

Such antioxidants are available in dark leafy green vegetables, egg yolks, pumpkin, yellow papers, sweet potatoes, and carrots. You need more yellow and green vegetables for your eyes because they will help you in preventing age-related macular degeneration, which is a leading cause of blindness.

Your diet should also include foods that are rich in sulphur, systeine, and lecithin. They are useful in protecting the lands of your eyes from cataract formation. Garlic, onions, capers, and shallots are some of the excellent sources of such elements.

Anthocyanin-rich grapes, goji berries, and blueberries have certain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which are very important in improving your vision. DHA is a fatty acid and it is generally found in cold water fish such as Salmon, sardines, mackerel, and cod. DHA is very important for your eye health because it provides structural support to cell membranes.

So, the right diet will help you to keep away any eye problem and prevent future problems for you.

Exercise for your eyes

There are several simple exercises available for your eyes which cannot only help you to maintain your eye health but will also help you to keep your eyes strong. If you want to maintain optimal vision and want to keep eye problems at bay, you need to perform these exercises regularly. You can simply perform them first thing in the morning or before bedtime. It is also possible to exercise your eyes whenever your eyes feel fatigued. Daily practice will help you to see the better result within a short time.

Before doing these exercises, you need to ensure that your hands are clean and you are in a relaxed mood.

First of all, warm your eyes. To do that, you need to rub your palms together to create heat. Then place the palms against your eyes and keep it there for 5 to 10 seconds. You will need to repeat this three times.

Now roll your eyes. First look up and then slowly circle 10 times clockwise and then 10 times counterclockwise.

Try to focus on something. Hold a pen at arm's length and then try to focus your eyes on it. Bring the pen closer to your eyes (about 6 inch away from your eyes), and then slowly move it back. Always keep focusing on the pen while doing it. Do this 10 times.

Using your thumb knuckles massage your temple. Do this in small circles 20 times in one direction and then 20 in the other direction.

Also massage the midpoint of the eyebrows using the same procedure. Then massages below the eyes on both sides of the bridge of your nose.

Close your eyes, put your head back and relax for three minutes.

Do these

Ensure that you are getting enough sleep because that is essential for your eye health. While working, give your eyes a break once every hour. If you are working for 15 minutes, spend the next 10 minutes by looking away from the computer and resting your eyes.

References

1. How To Improve Eyesight Naturally
2. Simple Tips for Healthy Eyes
3. Carrot sticks or joysticks: video games improve vision

If you want clear, smooth skin, you will need a daily skincare routine. If you get acne, you should be very careful to prevent breakouts and spread and treat the acne problem immediately. It is very important to know ratio skin and keep it hydrated if you really want a clear and smooth skin.

Pick an appropriate cleanser

Skins can be different from dry to oily and anything in between. When you are selecting a cleanser, make sure that it matches your skin type. Take a look at the bottle because the bottle will have information whether the cleanser is for oily skin, dry skin, combination skin or all skin types.

Try to choose a mild cleanser.

Wash your face twice

Make sure to wash your face twice every day. Wash it in the morning and at night. Washing at night is very important because during this time you are removing all the dirt from your face. People who have oily skin, it may be necessary for them to wash it a few times during the day using a face wash so that the pores are not clogged.

Moisturise your skin

If your skin is dry, you need to apply moisturizer. You need to use a facial moisturizer after you wash your face. If you need to put up make-up, it is always better to apply a moisturizer before that. It is important that you choose the right moisturizer for your skin type. There are different moisturizers available for oily, medium skin or dry skin and that is indicated clearly on the label on the bottle.

There are moisturizers which are available with sunscreen and they’re very good for you specially during the summers.

Exfoliate your skin

Your skincare regimen should include exfoliation. Exfoliation will help you to have a smooth, clear skin. However, it should be careful not to exfoliate too much because it can damage your skin. Exfoliate one or two times in a week. If you are having an acne problem, probably you should not exfoliate at that time.

Sometimes you need aggressive exfoliation and for that, there are different chemical exfoliations available. Chemicals can help you to remove the top layer of dead skin. It is a good procedure specially for the oily skin.

Physical exfoliation can also be done where abrasion is done to remove dead skin. Some of the common physical exfoliations are facial scrubs, wash clothes and exfoliation gloves. Micro-dermabrasion is another method of physical exfoliation and it is generally done at a dermatologist’s office.

After exfoliation, you should immediately use moisturizer.

Keeping your skin healthy

It is very important to keep your skin healthy because that’ll help you to have a clear and smooth skin.

It is important to protect your skin from the sun because Sam can damage your skin over time and make it age faster than you’d like it to. To protect your skin from the sun, you can use a daily sunscreen. To avoid the sun you can adjust your timing so that you don’t have to go out during the hottest part of the day. You can also use a hat, pants, sunglasses or a long-sleeved shirt to avoid exposure to the sun. Always use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.

Keep yourself hydrated at all times. Your skin health will depend a lot on how much water you are drinking. Women will need 2.2 L of water and men will need 3 L of water every day to keep themselves properly hydrated.

 

References

1. Clear Skin Unlocked: The Ultimate Guide To Acne Freedom And Clear Skin
2. Skin wrinkles and blemishes
3. Skin care for acne-prone skin

HCG

HCG or human chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone that which is seen in very high levels in early pregnancy. It is used as a marker in home pregnancy tests. It is a hormone that is used for trade fertility issues in men and women.

HCG was proposed as a weight loss tool in 1954 by a British doctor known as Albert Simeons. He prescribed a diet which had to main components-

  • an ultra-low-calorie diet that includes only 500 cal per day
  • the HCG hormone injected into the body of the person

Different types of HCG products are available in the market in different forms. You will find oral drops, sprays, pallets and other forms of ECG. Besides being available in the retail stores, they are also available online in different websites.

How does HCG WORK?

HCG is a protein-based hormone. HCG is important in maintaining the production of important hormones like progesterone and oestrogen. These hormones are important for the development of embryo and fetus.

It is available in high quantities during the first three months of pregnancy.

HCG and weight loss

According to the proponents of the HCG diet, it can boost metabolism and help people lose a large amount of fat. All this can happen without the person feeling hungry.

People often achieve weight loss with this method because of the ultra-low-calorie diet. It is such a diet that you will always have a calorie deficit and debt deficit will help you to lose weight.

HCG approved food list

for protein, you can use some of the mentioned protein sources. You need 200 g of protein per day but you need just 100 g per meal. Some of the protein sources which are approved-

  • Whitefish
  • Lobster
  • Stream
  • Crab
  • Extra lean beef
  • Three egg whites
  • Buffalo
  • Scallops
  • Chicken

HCG approved vegetables

There are vegetables which are approved for the HCG diet. If you know about them, it’ll be easier for you to choose the right vegetables for your means. Choose wisely so that you have lots of varieties in your food otherwise it’ll be very difficult for you to continue the HCG diet. Make your diet more interesting for yourself by including vegetables from the list below-

  • Celery
  • Spinach
  • Cauliflower
  • Fennel
  • Onions
  • Chard
  • Green salad
  • Beet Greens
  • Cucumbers
  • Cabbage
  • Mixed  gcreens
  • Shallots
  • Red radishes
  • Asparagus
  • Tomatoes
  • Broccoli

HCG approved fruits

Some of the fruits that you like might contain lots of sugar and you will need to avoid those fruits. There are certain fruits which are approved by the HCG diet list. Stick to these fruits because you want to get the best results from your HCG diet. The list of HCG approved fruits –

  • Grapefruit
  • Apples
  • Oranges
  • Blueberries
  • Lemons
  • Strawberries
  • Respberries

Even if you want to include some starches in different food forms, the HCG diet protocol is very limiting and it may not allow such starches. You may miss those foods which you earlier liked but you will not miss the weight you will lose because of the HCG diet protocol. And it is a strict protocol and that’s why it gets you results. There are rules for everything that you eat throughout the day. This diet will make you very much aware of everything you eat.

There is another list of approved items which you can eat. This list includes

  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Mustard powder
  • Stevia
  • Salt, paper or any other natural spices
  • Herbal tea
  • Amino acids
  • Coffee

References

1. The Hcg Diet Recipe Handbook – 200+ Hcg Phase Recipes
2. HCG Diet Products Are Illegal
3. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) in the Treatment of Obesity

Millions of U.S. citizens suffer from hair loss. Instead of ignoring this quite personal medical issue, many people choose hair transplantation to help remedy it. In this article, we will compare two different hair transplant devices: Artas Robotic Hair Restoration and NeoGraft FUE.

 

According to data provided by The American Hair Loss Association, about 67% of U.S.-based men will start experiencing hair loss by the age of 35, and 85% of those will experience this issue at a significant level. Unfortunately, hair loss does not only affect men. Among all people suffering from hair loss, 40% of them are female. The North American Hair Research Society states that 50% of female patients face hair loss at the age of 50. So, let's determine the differences between the NeoGraft Transplant and Artas Robot Transplant as remedies for this problem.

The Working Principle

NeoGraft is a hand-held machine that implants follicular units drilled out from the donor area. An operator applies the tool to this area, separates grafts from the tissue, and then drills them out. Once a portion of grafts is extracted, a hand-held device individually injects every single graft in a patient's tissue. Since the machine injects grafts using air pressure, it cannot guarantee their proper positioning.

 

How does the Artas robotic system work? Unlike NeoGraft, Artas is an automated machine which does not rely on the operator's skill. It is aimed at graft extraction with a laser precision. Using complex algorithms and built-in cameras, the robotic system scans a small area of the scalp to identify grafts to be extracted according to the previously created 3D model. The key difference between the NeoGraft and the Artas devices is that the latter device performs an automated follicular unit extraction (FUE) almost without any human control. Artas selectively harvests hair and ensures the essential look of the donor area. Once the system has extracted follicular units, it injects them into thinning areas with robotic precision.

Artas Robotic System vs NeoGraft Machine

FUE procedures are not new to the market, though most of them are performed manually, which makes the surgery quite a time-consuming task. A robotic hair transplantation technique provides patients with multiple benefits that include:

 

  • A robotic FUE procedure is minimally invasive and painful;
  • It leaves no linear and discernible scars; and,
  • It creates the same grafts every time, which is impossible for a human to do.

 

Manual FUE procedures take a tremendous amount of time and require a steady physician's hand. A doctor has to carefully operate a machine to ensure a quality result. In the Artas Hair Transplant vs NeoGraft comparison, the robotics system seems to be a more efficient and innovative technology; however, the cost of such procedures can persuade some patients to choose the traditional manual method, instead. When it comes to medical robotics, the procedure gets cheaper per graft if there is a larger number of grafts to be transplanted, unlike manual surgery where the cost goes up as more grafts are extracted.

Which Is Better?: Artas vs NeoGraft

Both systems have their own advantages, but Artas represents a new age of hair transplantation procedures. Bringbackhair has provided this comparison of Artas Robotic vs NeoGraft FUE that proves that the automated system obviously brings more precise results and allows patients to spend less time on the process. Since robotic hair transplants are less invasive, compared to manual techniques, Artas ensures a fast hair growth with minimal tissue injury. At the same time, traditional methods are more cost-effective when it comes to transplanting small amounts of grafts. Weigh out the pros and cons and choose a more convenient technology for your particular case.