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For people who suffer from various psychiatric and neurological conditions, brain stimulation has become an increasingly important treatment option in the recent decades.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation

Brain simulation techniques can be divided into two broad categories, invasive and noninvasive. Both of them work by targeting specific sites in the brain to adjust the overall brain activity. Among the most well-known invasive techniques is the deep brain stimulation (DBS) which requires a brain surgery and is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). This process is typically used for treated Parkinson's disease and this process requires an electrode to be inserted in the brain. Among the noninvasive techniques is the transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) which can be administered from outside the head. This treatment is currently approved for treating depression.

Brain stimulation has resulted in dramatic benefits to patients with such disorders, which has motivated researchers to test if it can be useful in treated patients suffering from other diseases. The problem is that doctors have been unable to pinpoint which are the ideal sites to administer simulation in a given patient for a given condition.

A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggest that brain networks which consists of the interconnected pathways that link brain circuits to one another can assist in selection of ideal spot for brain stimulation therapies.

Michael D. Fox, MD, PhD, First author of the study, an investigator in the Berenson-Allen Center for Noninvasive Brain Stimulation and in the Parkinson’s Disease and Movement Disorders Center at BIDMC remarked that although different types of brain stimulation are currently applied in different locations, it has been found that the targets used to treat the same disease are nodes in the same connected brain network. This can have a direct implication on how brain stimulations are administered to treat diseases.

For example, in order use brain stimulation to treat Parkinson’s disease or tremor an electrode need to be inserted deep in the brain. Getting the same effect with noninvasive stimulation is difficult, as the spot is deep in the brain. However, by looking at the brain’s network connectivity, sites can be identified on the surface of the brain that is connected with the deep spot site. Hence, that deep spot can also be stimulated noninvasively.

For this study Fox's team conducted a large-scale literature search to find out all neurological and psychiatric diseases where brain stimulation via both invasive and non-invasive techniques had shown improvement. The search found 14 such conditions namely addiction, Alzheimer’s disease, anorexia, depression, dystonia, epilepsy, essential tremor, gait dysfunction, Huntington’s disease, minimally conscious state, obsessive compulsive disorder, pain, Parkinson disease and Tourette syndrome. In the next step, they listed the stimulation sites, both deep in the brain or on the surface of the brain that was found to have been effective for the treatment of each of the 14 diseases.

In order to test the hypothesis that the various stimulation sites in the brain are different spots within the same brain network, Fox's team used a data base of functional MRI images and a technique that enabled them to see correlations in spontaneous brain activity. These correlations helped the investigators in creating a map of connections from deep brain stimulation sites to the surface of the brain. When this map was compared to sites for noninvasive brain stimulation on the brain surface, the two matched.

The study suggest that understanding the brain networks can help in understanding why brain stimulation works and how these therapies can be improved by identifying the best place to stimulate the brain for a given patient suffering from a given disease. These findings also suggest that resting-state functional connectivity can be useful for translating therapy between treatment modalities, optimizing treatment and identifying new stimulation targets.

References

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/bidm-srn092514.php

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/09/140929153935.htm

Complementary Reading

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If we improve your eyesight, it is possible to do that naturally. Let’s find out how you can improve your eyesight naturally.

Eat for a bright eyesight

your diet can help you to have a bright eyesight. The eyes need multiple nutrients for functioning at the optimum level. You will need vitamins A, C, E and minerals such as copper and zinc for better eyesight. You will need antioxidants like beta-carotene, lutein, and zeaxanthin. They will protect the macula from sun damage.

Such antioxidants are available in dark leafy green vegetables, egg yolks, pumpkin, yellow papers, sweet potatoes, and carrots. You need more yellow and green vegetables for your eyes because they will help you in preventing age-related macular degeneration, which is a leading cause of blindness.

Your diet should also include foods that are rich in sulphur, systeine, and lecithin. They are useful in protecting the lands of your eyes from cataract formation. Garlic, onions, capers, and shallots are some of the excellent sources of such elements.

Anthocyanin-rich grapes, goji berries, and blueberries have certain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which are very important in improving your vision. DHA is a fatty acid and it is generally found in cold water fish such as Salmon, sardines, mackerel, and cod. DHA is very important for your eye health because it provides structural support to cell membranes.

So, the right diet will help you to keep away any eye problem and prevent future problems for you.

Exercise for your eyes

There are several simple exercises available for your eyes which cannot only help you to maintain your eye health but will also help you to keep your eyes strong. If you want to maintain optimal vision and want to keep eye problems at bay, you need to perform these exercises regularly. You can simply perform them first thing in the morning or before bedtime. It is also possible to exercise your eyes whenever your eyes feel fatigued. Daily practice will help you to see the better result within a short time.

Before doing these exercises, you need to ensure that your hands are clean and you are in a relaxed mood.

First of all, warm your eyes. To do that, you need to rub your palms together to create heat. Then place the palms against your eyes and keep it there for 5 to 10 seconds. You will need to repeat this three times.

Now roll your eyes. First look up and then slowly circle 10 times clockwise and then 10 times counterclockwise.

Try to focus on something. Hold a pen at arm's length and then try to focus your eyes on it. Bring the pen closer to your eyes (about 6 inch away from your eyes), and then slowly move it back. Always keep focusing on the pen while doing it. Do this 10 times.

Using your thumb knuckles massage your temple. Do this in small circles 20 times in one direction and then 20 in the other direction.

Also massage the midpoint of the eyebrows using the same procedure. Then massages below the eyes on both sides of the bridge of your nose.

Close your eyes, put your head back and relax for three minutes.

Do these

Ensure that you are getting enough sleep because that is essential for your eye health. While working, give your eyes a break once every hour. If you are working for 15 minutes, spend the next 10 minutes by looking away from the computer and resting your eyes.

References

1. How To Improve Eyesight Naturally
2. Simple Tips for Healthy Eyes
3. Carrot sticks or joysticks: video games improve vision

If you want clear, smooth skin, you will need a daily skincare routine. If you get acne, you should be very careful to prevent breakouts and spread and treat the acne problem immediately. It is very important to know ratio skin and keep it hydrated if you really want a clear and smooth skin.

Pick an appropriate cleanser

Skins can be different from dry to oily and anything in between. When you are selecting a cleanser, make sure that it matches your skin type. Take a look at the bottle because the bottle will have information whether the cleanser is for oily skin, dry skin, combination skin or all skin types.

Try to choose a mild cleanser.

Wash your face twice

Make sure to wash your face twice every day. Wash it in the morning and at night. Washing at night is very important because during this time you are removing all the dirt from your face. People who have oily skin, it may be necessary for them to wash it a few times during the day using a face wash so that the pores are not clogged.

Moisturise your skin

If your skin is dry, you need to apply moisturizer. You need to use a facial moisturizer after you wash your face. If you need to put up make-up, it is always better to apply a moisturizer before that. It is important that you choose the right moisturizer for your skin type. There are different moisturizers available for oily, medium skin or dry skin and that is indicated clearly on the label on the bottle.

There are moisturizers which are available with sunscreen and they’re very good for you specially during the summers.

Exfoliate your skin

Your skincare regimen should include exfoliation. Exfoliation will help you to have a smooth, clear skin. However, it should be careful not to exfoliate too much because it can damage your skin. Exfoliate one or two times in a week. If you are having an acne problem, probably you should not exfoliate at that time.

Sometimes you need aggressive exfoliation and for that, there are different chemical exfoliations available. Chemicals can help you to remove the top layer of dead skin. It is a good procedure specially for the oily skin.

Physical exfoliation can also be done where abrasion is done to remove dead skin. Some of the common physical exfoliations are facial scrubs, wash clothes and exfoliation gloves. Micro-dermabrasion is another method of physical exfoliation and it is generally done at a dermatologist’s office.

After exfoliation, you should immediately use moisturizer.

Keeping your skin healthy

It is very important to keep your skin healthy because that’ll help you to have a clear and smooth skin.

It is important to protect your skin from the sun because Sam can damage your skin over time and make it age faster than you’d like it to. To protect your skin from the sun, you can use a daily sunscreen. To avoid the sun you can adjust your timing so that you don’t have to go out during the hottest part of the day. You can also use a hat, pants, sunglasses or a long-sleeved shirt to avoid exposure to the sun. Always use a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30.

Keep yourself hydrated at all times. Your skin health will depend a lot on how much water you are drinking. Women will need 2.2 L of water and men will need 3 L of water every day to keep themselves properly hydrated.

 

References

1. Clear Skin Unlocked: The Ultimate Guide To Acne Freedom And Clear Skin
2. Skin wrinkles and blemishes
3. Skin care for acne-prone skin

HCG

HCG or human chorionic gonadotropin is a hormone that which is seen in very high levels in early pregnancy. It is used as a marker in home pregnancy tests. It is a hormone that is used for trade fertility issues in men and women.

HCG was proposed as a weight loss tool in 1954 by a British doctor known as Albert Simeons. He prescribed a diet which had to main components-

  • an ultra-low-calorie diet that includes only 500 cal per day
  • the HCG hormone injected into the body of the person

Different types of HCG products are available in the market in different forms. You will find oral drops, sprays, pallets and other forms of ECG. Besides being available in the retail stores, they are also available online in different websites.

How does HCG WORK?

HCG is a protein-based hormone. HCG is important in maintaining the production of important hormones like progesterone and oestrogen. These hormones are important for the development of embryo and fetus.

It is available in high quantities during the first three months of pregnancy.

HCG and weight loss

According to the proponents of the HCG diet, it can boost metabolism and help people lose a large amount of fat. All this can happen without the person feeling hungry.

People often achieve weight loss with this method because of the ultra-low-calorie diet. It is such a diet that you will always have a calorie deficit and debt deficit will help you to lose weight.

HCG approved food list

for protein, you can use some of the mentioned protein sources. You need 200 g of protein per day but you need just 100 g per meal. Some of the protein sources which are approved-

  • Whitefish
  • Lobster
  • Stream
  • Crab
  • Extra lean beef
  • Three egg whites
  • Buffalo
  • Scallops
  • Chicken

HCG approved vegetables

There are vegetables which are approved for the HCG diet. If you know about them, it’ll be easier for you to choose the right vegetables for your means. Choose wisely so that you have lots of varieties in your food otherwise it’ll be very difficult for you to continue the HCG diet. Make your diet more interesting for yourself by including vegetables from the list below-

  • Celery
  • Spinach
  • Cauliflower
  • Fennel
  • Onions
  • Chard
  • Green salad
  • Beet Greens
  • Cucumbers
  • Cabbage
  • Mixed  gcreens
  • Shallots
  • Red radishes
  • Asparagus
  • Tomatoes
  • Broccoli

HCG approved fruits

Some of the fruits that you like might contain lots of sugar and you will need to avoid those fruits. There are certain fruits which are approved by the HCG diet list. Stick to these fruits because you want to get the best results from your HCG diet. The list of HCG approved fruits –

  • Grapefruit
  • Apples
  • Oranges
  • Blueberries
  • Lemons
  • Strawberries
  • Respberries

Even if you want to include some starches in different food forms, the HCG diet protocol is very limiting and it may not allow such starches. You may miss those foods which you earlier liked but you will not miss the weight you will lose because of the HCG diet protocol. And it is a strict protocol and that’s why it gets you results. There are rules for everything that you eat throughout the day. This diet will make you very much aware of everything you eat.

There is another list of approved items which you can eat. This list includes

  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Mustard powder
  • Stevia
  • Salt, paper or any other natural spices
  • Herbal tea
  • Amino acids
  • Coffee

References

1. The Hcg Diet Recipe Handbook – 200+ Hcg Phase Recipes
2. HCG Diet Products Are Illegal
3. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) in the Treatment of Obesity

Millions of U.S. citizens suffer from hair loss. Instead of ignoring this quite personal medical issue, many people choose hair transplantation to help remedy it. In this article, we will compare two different hair transplant devices: Artas Robotic Hair Restoration and NeoGraft FUE.

 

According to data provided by The American Hair Loss Association, about 67% of U.S.-based men will start experiencing hair loss by the age of 35, and 85% of those will experience this issue at a significant level. Unfortunately, hair loss does not only affect men. Among all people suffering from hair loss, 40% of them are female. The North American Hair Research Society states that 50% of female patients face hair loss at the age of 50. So, let's determine the differences between the NeoGraft Transplant and Artas Robot Transplant as remedies for this problem.

The Working Principle

NeoGraft is a hand-held machine that implants follicular units drilled out from the donor area. An operator applies the tool to this area, separates grafts from the tissue, and then drills them out. Once a portion of grafts is extracted, a hand-held device individually injects every single graft in a patient's tissue. Since the machine injects grafts using air pressure, it cannot guarantee their proper positioning.

 

How does the Artas robotic system work? Unlike NeoGraft, Artas is an automated machine which does not rely on the operator's skill. It is aimed at graft extraction with a laser precision. Using complex algorithms and built-in cameras, the robotic system scans a small area of the scalp to identify grafts to be extracted according to the previously created 3D model. The key difference between the NeoGraft and the Artas devices is that the latter device performs an automated follicular unit extraction (FUE) almost without any human control. Artas selectively harvests hair and ensures the essential look of the donor area. Once the system has extracted follicular units, it injects them into thinning areas with robotic precision.

Artas Robotic System vs NeoGraft Machine

FUE procedures are not new to the market, though most of them are performed manually, which makes the surgery quite a time-consuming task. A robotic hair transplantation technique provides patients with multiple benefits that include:

 

  • A robotic FUE procedure is minimally invasive and painful;
  • It leaves no linear and discernible scars; and,
  • It creates the same grafts every time, which is impossible for a human to do.

 

Manual FUE procedures take a tremendous amount of time and require a steady physician's hand. A doctor has to carefully operate a machine to ensure a quality result. In the Artas Hair Transplant vs NeoGraft comparison, the robotics system seems to be a more efficient and innovative technology; however, the cost of such procedures can persuade some patients to choose the traditional manual method, instead. When it comes to medical robotics, the procedure gets cheaper per graft if there is a larger number of grafts to be transplanted, unlike manual surgery where the cost goes up as more grafts are extracted.

Which Is Better?: Artas vs NeoGraft

Both systems have their own advantages, but Artas represents a new age of hair transplantation procedures. Bringbackhair has provided this comparison of Artas Robotic vs NeoGraft FUE that proves that the automated system obviously brings more precise results and allows patients to spend less time on the process. Since robotic hair transplants are less invasive, compared to manual techniques, Artas ensures a fast hair growth with minimal tissue injury. At the same time, traditional methods are more cost-effective when it comes to transplanting small amounts of grafts. Weigh out the pros and cons and choose a more convenient technology for your particular case.

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Dan Mason Explains Why Holism Shouldn’t Be an Overlooked Method of Rehab from Addiction

Addiction is one of the society's most damaging problems. It has the potential to destroy not just the lives of the people suffering from it, but also their loved ones. In addition, the impact it has on the community, booth monetarily in terms of the money spent to combat it, and socially with regards to the community members afflicted by it, is so large that it's impossible to quantify. As a result, any efforts at rehabilitation made by the person in question or by the Colorado’s Drug Crisis over ones and medical professionals on their behalf are worthy.

But for too long, rehab has followed a strict set of rules and steps, without taking into account that no two cases of addiction are the same and that each person reacts differently to the rehab stimulus provided them. In many cases, there are methods of rehabilitation that could be effective beyond all others yet go unused by the professionals helping out the patients, either because they are set in their treatment options or don't know there are other methods.

If you're looking for answers for your addiction problems that traditional rehabilitation services simply aren't providing, check out what Elevate Addiction Services has to offer. Here are some of the methods of treatment that might just benefit you or someone you love.

Healing the Body

Many treatment services focus solely on dealing with the person's addiction to a certain substance, without taking into account the fact that the body is also damaged by addiction and needs tender loving care. One of the best ways to start to change that around is by creating a program that also includes physical fitness and nutritional aspects to it. Addictive habits are often mirrored in the way people eat and stay stationary for most of the time, so a focus on overall nutritional and physical health can combat this.

The Power of Mindfulness

Addiction is a kind of automatic response for some people, as they deal with the stresses of their environment by putting substances in their body, which begins a cycle they often aren't even aware they are perpetrating, a cycle you can see perpetrated on a large scale currently in Colorado's drug crisis. By engendering mindfulness in patients, holistic approaches to rehab are effective in putting a stop to this cycle. The more aware a person is of the damage that they are doing to themselves and others by abusing drugs, alcohol and other substances, the more likely it is that they'll stop relying on them in the future.

Emotional Issues

Addiction simply doesn't appear in a vacuum. And just because you have gone through rehab and expunged the substances from your body once, that doesn't mean that the emotional triggers won't kick in again and force you right back into addiction's grasp. That's why any method of rehab that doesn't include a heavy emphasis on rooting out deeply-ingrained psychological issues is simply incomplete and, in most cases, inadequate.

If you are suffering from addiction or know someone who is, consider all the alternatives for attacking the entirety of the problem to give hope to the addicted. This approach yields the best opportunity for staying clean and healthy for good.

 

Emetophobia

Emetophobia is the fear of vomiting. It is an intense fear of vomiting. Even though the person may not sick, but still he or she may be fearful of throwing up. This is not a phobia that people generally know about. Sometimes it is also misdiagnosed as other mental disorders. The fear of vomiting exists and it can completely disrupt or destroy one’s life. They suffering from this phobia will have irrational and excessive fear of vomiting. It is not only about vomiting by themselves, but it may also be the fear of seeing other people vomit.

People who suffer from this may go to the extent of forming ritualistically leanness and eating habits so that they can avoid the possibility of vomiting. This phobia can be misunderstood for other conditions like anorexia nervosa, social phobia, obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD.

Causes of Emetophobia

This phobia can be caused by several factors, such as

Distressful event

People who suffer from emetophobia may do so because of distressful events.  If the person went through a terrifying vomiting experience or even saw someonelse go through such an experience, that person may deadlock this phobia. It is an issue more common in case of people who have had some health issues previously which caused persistent vomiting. Such an experience can result in the brain getting conscious of getting sick and vomiting intensely.

Phobias and mental disorders

There are some other obvious and mental disorders that can result in emetophobia. Such disorders and phobias may include panic disorder, agoraphobia, social phobia and other anxiety conditions. If such conditions and disorders make the patient feel nauseatic, then he or she may develop emetophobia. If you are exposed to such regular nausea and panic, then it can trigger emetophobia.

The symptoms

  • the symptoms of emetophobia can be various. The most common and major symptoms that are seen in case of this phobia for both children and adults include
  • persistent and irrational fear that the patient will throw up. Sometimes it may be fear about someone else throwing up
  • pouring too much about getting embarrassed in front of people by vomiting
  • not leaving home at all during the flu season or during any such circumstances
  • avoid parties, celebrations and gatherings
  • avoid eating with other people at any gathering to avoid the possibility of eating and getting sick
  • avoiding image and parks, hotels and pubs, long-distance travels so as to avoid the possibility of seeing anyone else vomiting or to avoid the possibility of vomiting himself or herself
  • extremely conscious of health and hygiene. Always on alert in case of these two topics.
  • Constantly checking on the food being eaten
  • panic attacks along with other physical signs like shivering, dizziness or fainting. Sometimes there may be other physical signs like increased heart, sweating, trouble in breathing, muscle tension and numbness in the body
  • compulsive behaviour in case of cleaning and washing it

Treatment of emetophobia

Emetophobia can be treated by different means available today. The best treatment method maybe a combination of psychotherapies and medicines. The most common and major treatment procedures are-

cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

CBT is useful in treatment of emetophobia because it can help you to modify the thoughts which are causing the phobia. You will need to go and see a therapist for that. Talk therapies, counselling or hypnosis can be used for understanding the negative images which are associated with the phobia in case of the client. The CBT sessions will help the client to recognise the phobia and the trigger points.

Medicines

Different types of medicines are available for treatment of emetophobia including antianxiety and antidepressant medicines.

References

1. The Emetophobia Recovery System
2. Treatment of a Woman With Emetophobia: A Trauma Focused Approach
3. Emetophobia: A fear of vomiting