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Vaccinations Recommended For Adults

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Vaccinations Recommended For Adults

Vaccines offer protection against various serious or life-threatening illnesses. But what are the necessary vaccines for adults? This may be unclear, especially for people who have been vaccinated during childhood. Below you can find a series of vaccines recommended by physicians to control and prevent some common diseases.

Flu vaccine – seasonal influenza

Who needs this vaccine? The flu shot is recommended for most adults. Vaccination is especially important for people with chronic diseases or compromised immune systems, for those who work in medical facilities, living in health care institutions, live with anyone who has a high risk for developing complications as a result of influenza (children under the age of five for example). Injectable flu vaccine is recommended including to pregnant women.

The flu vaccine will be administered, ideally in October or November.

Contraindications

The influenza vaccine is not recommended for people allergic to eggs, those who had an allergic reaction to a previous flu vaccine or those who are sick at the time of vaccine administration. Those who suffered from Guillian-Barre syndrome, should consult their doctor before taking this vaccine.

Vaccination

Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine

Who needs this vaccine? Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine should be given to persons who are older than 65, those who suffer from chronic illnesses or weakened immune systems, those who underwent a splenectomy or living in health care institutions or are long-term smokers.

This type of vaccine can be administered at any point. People who are under 65 years will receive a second dose, but only they suffer from a specific health condition and received the first dose five or more years ago.

Patients over 65 years who received the first dose of vaccine before the age of 65 (not in the last five years), who have a weakened immune system, kidney disease, underwent a splenectomy or bone marrow transplantation should receive a second dose of vaccine.

Contraindications

The vaccine is not indicated in individuals who experienced an allergic reaction to a previous vaccination against pneumonia or who are currently sick.

Combined Vaccine – diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, diphtheria – TDaP

Who needs this vaccine? – one dose of TDaP is recommended for all adults aged between 19 and 65 years, regardless of when the last vaccine was administered or the type of vaccine used before.

Vaccination is especially important for those who have suffered injuries that may infect, for those in close contact with infants, women who have never had the vaccine, those who wish to become pregnant or employees in medical facilities.

This type of vaccine will be given to those who have not received complete vaccination against tetanus and diphtheria. A second dose of vaccine will be inoculated four weeks after the first dose and the third after 6 to 12 weeks after the second dose. Booster will be administered each 10 years.

Contraindications

The vaccine is not recommended in those who have had allergic reactions to previous doses, in pregnant women, or those who have seizures or have been in a coma. Also, those who suffer from epilepsy Barre- Gullain syndrome should consult their doctor before vaccinating.

Vaccine against human papillomavirus

Who needs this vaccine? Any person who is under 26 years and did not vaccinate in adolescence. In men  the vaccine helps prevent genital warts and reduce transmission of the virus that can cause cervical cancer in women.

The dose can be administered at any time and a second dose two months after the first dose and the third at six months after the first dose.

Contraindications

HPV vaccine is not recommended in patients allergic to latex or yeast, those who have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of vaccine, pregnant women or currently sick.

Hepatitis A Vaccine

Who needs the vaccine? – Hepatitis A vaccine will be given to people who want to protect themselves against this disease, those who have blood clotting disorders, chronic hepatitis, are sexually active, those who use different injectors, people who could be exposed to hepatitis A and travel to other parts of the world where disease is common.

Hepatitis A vaccine can be administered at any time. The next dose will be administered after 18 months.

Contraindications

Hepatitis A vaccine is not recommended for those who have had allergic reactions to a previous dose of vaccine or are currently infected with hepatitis A virus.

Hepatitis B Vaccine

Who needs this vaccine?  This vaccine should be administered to people who want to protect themselves against hepatitis B, have an active sex life, are drug uses, are under treatment that involves hemodialysis, health workers, those who are living with a person who suffers from a chronic infection with hepatitis B or travels to different parts of the world where hepatitis B is very common.

Hepatitis B vaccine can be administered at any time. The second dose will be administered one month after the first dose,the third  two months after the second and at least four months after the first dose.

Contraindications

Hepatitis B vaccine is not recommended for people allergic to yeast, those who have had an allergic reaction to a previous dose of vaccine or are currently infected.