Agressions During Chilhood Linked To Poorer Health In Adulthood
A new study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal linked the exposure to aggression during childhood to an increased use of health care services in adulthood. The biological hypothesis states that a stressor that exists during that period may influence the response to stress and those kids may not have a normal development like the normal kids. The consequences may be seen in the next periods of time and are linked to unhealthy lifestyle.
The survey data came from Concordia Longitudinal Risk Project, project launched by the scientists from Sherbrook University, Concordia University, University of Ottawa and the University of California. In this study there data from over 3000 people who were in primary school and gymnasium between 1976-1978 and who requested health care between 1992-2006, was examined.
The combined data showed that there was a 44,2 % illness increase caused by unhealthy lifestyle ( alcohol dependence, increased weight and obesity, diabetes – type II), 12,4 % more frequent presentations to emergency departments, a 10, 7 % lesions increase , a 8,1 % increase in visiting a physician and a 6,2 % in visiting a specialist. Also, aggressions during childhood have been associated to other health risks like teen pregnancy , lack of protection during sexual intercourse, higher percentage of single mothers, abandoning school thus lower level of education, dangerous practices while driving and living in poverty.
Most of the aggressions during childhood happen at home and kids with abusive parents are more exposed to health risks in the adulthood according to the study.
Families with aggression problems should be identified by the members of the community that include family friends, friends of the children or neighbors, teachers, the authorities, etc. Those children should be taught how to manage the aggression, how to deal with problems in general, in order to learn new strategies to cope with stress, how to develop their social and emotional abilities. The families should be informed about the consequences of their acts and should be helped to improve their behavior towards their children. Family therapy may be useful as it can improve the relationships between the family members, both children and adults.
The authors concluded that “Our results confirm that there are specific behavioural characteristics, identifiable in childhood, that can have enduring consequences to physical health and can predict increased use of health services in adulthood. Childhood aggression should be considered a health risk when designing interventions to improve public health, particularly those targeting children and families.”