Child Dental Health
Before teaching the little ones how to proper care for their teeth, the mother must first of all, even from pregnancy adopt a balanced diet, nutritious, rich in proteins, vitamins and essential minerals.
At the age of 6 months eruption of the temporary teeth begins (milk teeth or deciduous teeth). Order of eruption is different:
Central incisors ~ 9 months, lateral incisors at the age of 1 year, first molars at the age at 1 year and six months, canines at the age of 2 years, secondary molars at the age of 2 years and six months.
Before teeth eruption, oral hygiene will be done by cleaning the gums after each meal with a gauze soaked in water or chamomile tea. After teeth eruption a special toothbrush with soft hair will be used, as a thimble, placed on the mother’s finger. At this age, hygiene is purely mechanical, not chemical (without toothpaste). Do not use the same cutlery with children because saliva contains bacteria that can lead to teeth decay and gingivitis.
As early as at the age of 3 , the child can brush his own teeth once in the morning and once in the evening, but under supervision checking after each brushing that the teeth are clean. With the eruption of permanent teeth, around the age of 6 years (also considered “critical age”), the child can be taught to use mouthwash, but under supervision, ( mouthwash must not be swallowed). The child teeth brush has to be replaced every 2-3 months.
Additional fluoride to strengthen teeth enamel must be provided. Note however, that fluoride can be toxic in large quantities. Dentists encourage fluoridation twice a year using local solutions: as rinses, gels, or prefabricated trays in the dental office.
Children should be early accustomed with the basic rules of oral hygiene. Brushing teeth helps cleaning the teeth and gums and removes bacteria that can lead to teeth decay. Attention should be focused not on the time devoted to cleaning but the in which is achieved. Only 3 to 5 minutes are needed for a brushing, using light movements while cleaning the gums. Teeth should be brushed using vertical sides, from bottom to top. In addition, circular movements are necessary on occlusal surfaces ( the face with the teeth are biting). The tongue is brushed using inside-out movements, to remove bacteria deposits from its surface. After brushing the mouth must be rinsed thoroughly for better sanitation.
Going To The Dentist
Children should get used to visiting the dentist since the age of one year. Visits should be done regularly. Programming early dentist visits has some advantages. Your baby will get used to the doctor and everything that involves a dental check-up. This way, your child will not develop dental phobia.
When arriving to the dental office, the child assaults his parents with all sorts of questions. Always answer by telling the child the truth: Explain what maneuvers will be performed using an accessible language easy for him to understand . Talking to children using “their language”, with patience, friendship and without hiding the truth, makes them feel secure.
What Do The Dentists Say
Before being brought to the dental office, parents have a duty to inform their children regarding the doctor’s role, including the instruments used (the doctor will use a small mirror to see your teeth).
The child should be accompanied by a parent, not grandparents or siblings, around which it will become spoiled and will refuse to cooperate. Today, the child no longer has a reason to fear anesthetics, because surface anesthetics and gels that are scented and smell like fruits can be used.
As a method of prevention, bring the child once or twice a year to a regular check-up. As early as the age of 3 years, maxilar or dental abnormalities can occur due to permanent teeth development. After the age of 7 , a orthopantomography is recommended in order to see the presence and degree of mineralization of the dental buds. Child’s diet should be rich in raw vegetables, fruits, vegetables and non acid substances.