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Gingivitis Symptoms, Risk Factors And Prevention

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If you often notice that your gums are bleeding when you brush your teeth you should no longer postpone the visit to the dentist. You should know that gingivitis does not hurt, but can lead to tooth loss. Here is how to you can prevent bleeding gums.

Gingivitis can be installed soon, and if not treated in time can lead to tooth loss. Gingivitis is like cancer, installs, develops and is detected when the oral health is already affected. Like any untreated disease in time, a patient suffering from gingivitis can develop periodontitis that can lead to tooth los. Gingivitis is inflammation of the gums without affecting its attachment to the tooth or bone and is determined by bacterial plaque and can be enhanced by various local and general factors. If the alveolar bone is affected we are already talking about periodontitis.



Gingivitis Symptoms

Here are the most common gingivitis symptoms which you must not ignore

  • Red gums
  • Inflamed gums
  • Sensitive gums
  • Gums that bleed easily when touched (during brushing, the table).

If you found these symptoms schedule a dental checkup as soon as you can to prevent complications.

 Gingivitis Risk Factors

  • Smoking
  • Family history of gingivitis
  • Menstruation
  • Pregnancy
  • Menopause
  • Contraceptives
  • Administration of various medicines for hypertension, antidepressants
  • Diabetes
  • AIDS
  • Leukemia
  • Strict diet low in vitamins / minerals
  • Stress.

Gingivitis Prevention

The best solutions for preventing gingivitis are:

1. Brushing teeth at least twice a day, done properly to prevent plaque formation

2. Change your toothbrush as often as you can, the recommended period is every three months

3. After brushing use dental floss and mouthwash to clean the hard to reach areas

4. Visits to the dentist should be performed every 6 months

5. Prevention is essential, as your doctor will perform the routine scaling (removal of tartar deposits) and professional cleaning methods. Professional cleaning is the removal of tartar deposits (scaling) with ultrasonic procedures, followed by the airflow. Airflow-cleaning is a method which consists in removing plaque debris and pigments with a device that throws a stream of water and baking soda well tolerated and without pain.

6. In severe gingivitis: in addition to professional cleaning local-based disinfectants like chlorhexidine are applied, mandatory daily dental brushing preceded by 1-2 weeks of further rinses with chlorhexidine-based mouthwash

7. In pregnancy hyperplasic gingivitis: professional cleaning and complex treatment in the second trimester of pregnancy.