Miscarriage is one prgnancy complication that can be prevented. However, the loss of a pregnancy represents for the mother and the rest of the family, a traumatic life test. To avoid such an unfortunate event, of valuable help is knowing the causes and risk factors of miscarriage thus prevent the fetus from being expelled from the uterus prematurely.
Signs that most common warn of the risk of abortion are pain, disappearance of signs of pregnancy, followed by vaginal bleeding (small amount at first, then heavy bleeding, with clots), loss of amniotic fluid or the onset of painful uterine contractions, rhythmic and regular , like the kind caused by birth itself.
Whatever the cause that starts miscarriage, pregnant women should be the alert right from the first symptoms and do not delay presentating to the doctor at all as fetal life can be saved and many future complications of the mother can be avoided.
Infectious Diseases, A Risk For Pregnancy
During pregnancy, infectious disease with fever which pregnant suffer from can cause fetal death and removal of the fetus from the uterus. The most dangerous diseases from this perspective, are: rubella, chlamydia, listeriosis, syphilis, herpes infection in the first trimester of pregnancy and toxoplasmosis. Extra-pulmonary forms of tuberculosis with osteoarticular localization, the extent of the disease to the psoas muscle in the spine, is disabling and sometimes fatal in pregnant women. When tuberculosis is contacted or reactivated during pregnancy, it leaves deep scars, with damage to bone structure, extending to the large joints. Unfortunately, in this case, drug therapy and surgery are not compatible with pregnancy.
Structural Abnormalities Or Endocrine Disorders
Female genital anomalies and diseases such as endometriosis, uterine fibroids, congenital uterine changes or those acquired from a previous curettage, ovaries or fallopian tube tumors and cervical incontinence (which causes dilation of the cervix) may be causes of miscarriage. As for the endocrine health, the most frequent causes of pregnancy loss in the first months are hormonal imbalances, caused by a deficiency of progesterone, the excessive secretion of male hormones, thyroid problems or untreated diabetes.
Inadequate Medical Treatment
Extremely aggressive medication used during periods of acute rheumatoid arthritis is contraindicated in pregnancy. From another point of view, severe bone deformities occur, particularly in the pelvis and spine that are a risk for carrying a pregnancy to completion.
Rarefied bone mineral substance, called osteomalacia, women can cause difficulties in pregnant woman. During pregnancy, depletion of vitamin D of the bone can occur, causing bone damage and fractures, especially since, in pregnant women, body weight increases from month to month. Doubleing the consumption of nutrients, of the mother and fetus, reduces the calcium and vitamin D deposits. For this reason eating foods rich in calcium is recommended, providing a strong mineral structure. Mothers who adopted a vegetarian diet (characterized by the lack of any animal product) will have to notice their doctor to prescribe nutritional supplements
Mild forms of polio, with distortions of the bone structure of the legs or spine, can be resolved with cesarean birth. Serious cases of polio represents one of the pregnancy contraindications due to the complications that can occur such as, shortness of limbs, paralysis, collapse of the pelvis.
Osteogenesis imperfecta, due to structural abnormalities of collagen in the bones, causing fractures that occur at the very first steps. A pregnancy affects the fragile bone structure. On the other hand, vertebral or pelvic fractures, common in obese pregnant women calls into question the possibility of maintaining the pregnancy.
Trauma, Chronic Pathology, Age And Harmful Substances
Traumatic factors, such as abdominal injury, travelling with means of transport to road accidents or even excessive sexual intercourse can cause miscarriage. A women’s ability to maintain pregnancy decreases with age, so in women aged over 40 years, about a quarter of pregnancies end in abortion. Chronic kidney disease, hypertension, severe anemia, deficiencies of protein or vitamins, folic acid deficiencies may make it difficult to continue a pregnancy to the end. Habits such as drinking, smoking, consumption of drugs can cause fetal death or premature onset of uterine contractions.