Sensitive teeth or hypersensitivity, hyperesthesia in medical terms , is manifested by intense dental pain, caused by various short-term thermal stimuli (cold, warm), mechanical (touch, pressure) or chemical (sweet, sour).
In a healthy tooth, dentin, which is normally sensitive, is covered and protected by the enamel crown. Enamel is the teeth “protective barrier” against pain, and gums protect against external factors.
Sensitive teeth occur when the enamel barrier is removed or gingival retraction due to local or general causes such as fast developing decay or enamel dystrophies, tooth abrasion, periodontal disease or vitamins deficiency.
The most accessible method for treating sensitive teeth is the use of oral care products specifically designed for sensitive teeth. Sensitive teeth are manifested by discomfort occurred in one or more teeth at their exposure to foods and hot, cold or sour beverages. Pain may be intense, deeply, suddenly felt in the dental pulp.
Sensitive Teeth Causes
Sensitive teeth occur when dentin is exposed due to withdrawal of gums. The root dental portion of the tooth that is not protected by enamel, contains small channels that connect the pulp. Other factors that lead to sensitive teeth are:
Brutal teeth brushing and use a hard bristled toothbrushes, resulting in time and thus blunting of tooth enamel dentine exposure.
Degradation manifested in the gum line.
Gums retraction due to periodontal disease.
Gum diosorders (gingivitis). Gingival inflammation causes sensitive teeth due to relaxation of the ligaments that support the teeth.
Cracked teeth, which allows penetration of bacteria and plaque causing inflammation of the dental pulp.
Bruxism. Bruxism is the unconscious grinding of the teeth during the day or during sleep.
Some teeth whitening toothpastes or baking soda-based and peroxide products.
Aging. With age the risk of teeth sesitivity increases as teeth tend to decay.
Mouth water used for long periods of time. Some such products contain acid that destroys dentin and may even reach the dental pulp.
Foods with a high content of acid such as citrus, tomatoes, pickles and tea.
Interventions such as dental routine scaling, application of dental crowns, dental restoration and teeth professional cleaning
Sensitive Teeth Treatment And Remedies
The Steps to reduce dental sensibiitatii are:
- Maintain a good oral hygiene, brush your teeth at least twice each day and floss daily.
- Use a soft bristled toothbrush and brush near the gum using gentle movements.
- Use toothpastes for sensitive teeth treatment. Pay attention! it is recommended to try different types of toothpaste until you find the product compatible with your needs. Also, in patients experiencing sensitive teeth , and the teeth root emergence can be seen, it is recommended to apply a little toothpaste at this level, in the evening before bedtime. Moreover, in these situations you should avoid toothpastes for tartar removal and opt instead for fluorine-based products.
- Avoid foods that can aggravate the sensitivity of teeth . Use fluorine-based products.
- If you experience bruxism, use dental trays.
- Visit your dentist regularly.
If these steps do not provide the desired results, your dentist will perform one of these medical procedures:
- Dental bonding to cover exposed roots
- Application of polymer-based gels
- Dental seals.