What are haemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are clams of that related or enlarged blood vessels in the anus and lower rectum. Sometimes haemorrhoids may swell when the veins enlarge and the walls become thin, stretched and irritated by passing stool.
Haemorrhoids are generally classified into two general categories. One is internal haemorrhoids that originate in the rectum and the other is external haemorrhoids that originate in the anus.
Haemorrhoids are also known as piles and it has been present for a long time in human history. The ward comes from Greek, haimorrhoides which means veins that are liable to discharge blood.
According to estimates about three out of every four people will have haemorrhoids at some point in their lives.
Enlarged haemorrhoids symptoms
Enlarged haemorrhoids show symptoms like
- mucus discharge,
- burning at the anus,
- severe pain,
- a sensation that the bowel is not really empty, and
- Bleeding without pain.
Internal haemorrhoids are present in the inside lining of the rectum and they are not obvious unless they become too big. They are usually painless and they can become apparent only because they cause rectal bleeding with a bowel movement. Sometimes they may protrude outside the anus. When that happens, you'll be able to see or feel them as moist pads of skin that are pink in colour. They may heart because the anus is full of pain sensing nerves. Such haemorrhoids usually recede into the rectum on their own or they can be gently pushed back into place.
External haemorrhoids are located under the skin that surrounds the anus. When they swell, you'll be able to feel them. Such external haemorrhoids can cause itching, pain or bleeding with a bowel movement.
When the external haemorrhoids show up at the outside, you can see and feel them. Sometimes blood clots form within these haemorrhoids and that can cause an extremely painful condition known as thrombosis. If a haemorrhoids morphs into a thrombosed one, it can look frightening because it can turn purple or blue. At that point, it can also be. They can also be very painful.
Home do haemorrhoids affect?
Even though people believe that haemorrhoids are abnormal are almost everyone has them. They help in controlling bowel movements. They can become problematic and can be considered abnormal or a disease only when the haemorrhoidal clumps of vessels enlarge.
According to estimates about 75% of people will experience enlarged haemorrhoids at some point. Haemorrhoids that can cause problems are found equally in men and women. The problem is mostly cover between 45 and 65 years of age.
What causes haemorrhoids?
Haemorrhoids are caused by swelling in the anal or rectal veins. They are also susceptible to irritation. The swelling of the veins can be caused by different things like-
- standing or sitting for long periods,
- straining on the toilet,
- chronic constipation or diarrhea,
- eating a low-fiber diet,
- vomiting, and
- Holding your breath while straining to do physical labor.
Foods and haemorrhoids
Diet has a big impact in causing and preventing haemorrhoids. People who consistently eat a high fibre diet are more likely to stay away from haemorrhoids. People who like a diet high in processed foods often face a higher risk of haemorrhoids.