Cataract has become one of the leading causes of impaired vision. There are more cases of this disease which clouds your vision than diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma combined. There has not been any scientific way to prevent cataract, however, you can let it stay away from you by making some simple changes in your lifestyle. Therefore, here is a list of a few tips, which will help you lower the chance of cataract for yourself. Besides, if a cataract surgery is required, then you should definitely check up with a proficient doctor for recommended treatment.
- Eat Healthy:
Maintaining a healthy diet always yields benefits for you. Since nothing can be done about your family history but you can control your diet intake. It has been shown in a research that by eating foods high in antioxidants such as Vitamin C and Vitamin E, you can lower the risk of cataract. Also, if you have been diagnosed with cataract already, in that case as well, it will slow its growth. Some fruits and vegetables rich in Vitamin C are Kiwi, citrus fruits like orange, limes and grapefruit, green and red peppers, broccoli and tomatoes. On the other hand, vegetable oils like sunflower, wheat germ and safflower are a rich source of Vitamin E. Nuts like almonds and green vegetables like spinach are also included in this list. Therefore, you need to make sure to include fruits and vegetables in your diet. You can consider taking multivitamins or supplements if you find it difficult to accommodate all this in your diet. However, it is advised to consult a doctor first.
- Quit Smoking at the earliest:
You would already know that smoking is bad for your lungs and the heart but it is equally bad for your eyes as well. Smoking leads to creation of chemicals in the eyes, which are very harmful. It cancels all the effect of good chemicals that get into your body by eating fruits and vegetables. Hence, many cataract-aggravating toxins are produced in your body if you smoke. It is highly recommended to leave smoking and consult your doctor about the same. You can take the required programs and medicines. Smoking can even lead to cataract, so you have to avoid it.
- Protect your eyes from the sun:
One of the basic ways to prevent cataract is to protect your eyes from the harmful rays of the sun by wearing sunglasses. The UV rays actually cause damage to the protein in the lens of your eyes. Therefore, when you wear a sunglass, note that it blocks 99-100% of UVA and UVB rays along with screening out 75-90% of visible light. The frame should be close to your eyes and have a gray tint.
- Get regular eye check-ups done:
Getting regular eye check-ups is a very tedious habit. It is suggested that you get an entire eye check-up done in every 2 to 4 years if your age is between 40 and 64. If your age is over 65, then you should get your check-up done in 1 or 2 years. Your doctor will monitor your eye health and will update you on the same.
Hence, these tips would have been helpful in letting you know about the tips to prevent cataract.