Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder and it is considered as an autoimmune disease. Millions of people are affected by this problem. Your skin will live Love some scaly patches which may look silvery or red. These patches often become itchy and painful.
There are different types of psoriasis. One individual can suffer from more than one type of psoriasis. Let's find out what is types are and what are the treatment options that you have.
Plaque psoriasis or psoriasis vulgaris is probably the most common form which is seen in people. About 85% of people who suffer from psoriasis have this kind of psoriasis. It creates thick red patches of skin which often have a silver or white scaly layer. Such matches may be seen on elbows, knees, lower back and scalp. The size of the patches is generally 1 to 10 cm wide but it can be bigger than that.
These symptoms will worsen if you scratch at the scales. So if you have plaque psoriasis, you should never touch the scaly patches.
You will need to apply moisturiser to keep your skin from becoming too dry and irritated. Such a moisturiser can be a medicated one prescribed by your doctor or even an over-the-counter cortisone cream. You will also find ointment based moisturises which you can apply on the scales. Your doctor may help you to identify the unique psoriasis triggers in your case and you can also do that yourself. Such triggers may include stress or lack of sleep.
The problem is also treated with vitamin D creams which will help you by reducing the rate of spread of the problem. Topical retinoid are used for reducing inflammation, tazarotene is also used and coal tar can also be use on the scales.
This type of psoriasis show up in small red spots on the skin. It is the second most common type. They are generally small, separate and drop -shaped. The generally seen on the torso and limbs but they may also appear on scalp and face. Spots of this type of psoriasis is not very take but they can develop into plaque psoriasis over time.
Guttate psoriasis has some specific triggers like strep throat, stress, and infection, it skin injury or medication.
Guttate psoriasis is treated by treating the underlying cause of infection. If a bacterial infection resulted in the problem, antibiotics are used. Regular psoriasis prescription steroid creams, oral medicines and light therapy can also be used for treating this type of psoriasis.
Flexural or inverse psoriasis
This kind of psoriasis is often seen in skin folds. They are generally seen in places like under the breast, armpits and groin area. The spots caused by it are red and often shiny and smooth.
You will not see skin scales and this type of psoriasis because sweat and moisture from skin folds do not let it form scales. Sometimes this psoriasis type can also be misdiagnosed as a fungal or bacterial infection. People who are suffering from this type of psoriasis may also have other forms of psoriasis in other places of the bodies.
Treatment for flexural or inverse psoriasis is very similar to the treatment of plaque psoriasis. Topical steroid creams are oral medicines and light therapy are used for treating this problem.