Shoulder pain can be very common and more than 50% of people experience shoulder pain at some point of time in their lives. You shoulder has muscles, bones, tendons and ligaments and they work together to allow your shoulder to move freely in different directions. Now, if anything happens to any of these parts, you may experience shoulder pain.
Rotator cuff tendonitis
If there is any injury to your rotator cuff, you may experience shoulder pain. This is one of the most common problems. About two thirds of people who suffer from shoulder pain had a rotator cuff problem. The rotator cuff is responsible for keeping the ball of your upper arm centered in your shoulder socket. Because of it you can raise and rotate your arm. Because of repeated motions, inflammation of the rotator cuff tendons may happen which is known as tendonitis. When this happens, you will have mild shoulder pain and weakness initially and it may only become noticeable when you move the joint but it will become more difficult for you when it becomes severe.
Rotator cuff tears
Sometimes it is possible to partially or completely tear a shoulder tendon. This happens because of repetitive motion or direct trauma. The pain can be excruciating if it happens suddenly. However, the shoulder pain worsens slowly over time. So, you may not notice when they begin, but you will definitely notice it after some time when the pain increases.
Frozen shoulder is another shoulder injury that can result in shoulder pain. You may have severe stiffness and inability to move your shoulder normally along with shoulder pain. If the connective tissue lining your shoulder joint somehow becomes thickened and inflamed, frozen shoulder condition may happen. It is often seen that middle age women are more prone to frozen shoulder. People with diabetes or thyroid problems or Parkinson’s disease are more vulnerable to such of shoulder pain problem. The progression of this problem happens in three stages- “freezing,” “frozen,” and “thawing.” You will notice a reduction in your range of motion and then that problem will increase from there. It may need up to 18 months for complete recovery of a frozen shoulder. With physical therapy the time may be reduced a little bit but it will still take time.
If you have this condition, you will feel deep and achy soreness in your shoulders and they may feel hot and swollen. This happens when inflammation of the bursa, which is a fluid-filled sack important for smooth gliding motion of the muscles and bones. If you overdo it, the body may bring more fluid to the bursa and as a result of that swelling happens.
Sometimes pro athletes suffer from labrum tears. Lebrum is a keen ream of soft cartilage that surrounds the shoulder socket edge and it is important for keeping the shoulder stable. Such tears may be common in normal people and as well as pro athletes. Middle age men and women may have such labral tear since they have been using their arms for years. Sometimes, you may not notice it because they do not cause any problems, but some other times such tears may result in shoulder pain especially when you move your arm during an overhead motion or across your chest. There are several types of labral tears and so their treatments may vary. If the labrum is still attached to the socket, simple physical therapy may also help but if it is not healed completely it may flare up at some time in future.