Home Disorders Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders Breaking Down The Top Insulin Medications For Diabetes Patients

Breaking Down The Top Insulin Medications For Diabetes Patients

Do you happen to suffer from diabetes? If so, you should understand how devastating this condition can truly be. Simultaneously, this is something that you’ll be required to deal with for the rest of your life. Nevertheless, you should understand that diabetes doesn’t have to diminish your quality of life. By taking control of the condition and closely monitoring your blood sugar levels, you’ll be able to live a fulfilling life, despite suffering from diabetes. Within this comprehensive guide, you will learn about some of the most reliable insulin medications on the market and their benefits.

Rapid Acting Medications

Attempting to find out precisely what type of medication is right for you can be far more difficult than you could ever imagine. This is further complicated by the fact that there is an abundance of medications that can help you keep your blood sugar levels balanced. It is generally best to work closely with a doctor to ensure you’re able to acquire the best medication for your unique situation. This will be based on your lifestyle choices and how your body typically responds to insulin. If you need to get your blood sugar levels rectified in a hurry, you should consider relying on rapid-acting medications. Some of the most common will be explored in greater depth below.


Afrezza just happens to be one of the most commonly prescribed rapid-acting insulin medications on the market. This medication has been FDA-approved and it is actually inhaled by the patient. This makes it very user friendly. It works exceptionally well for Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics. It generally takes fifteen to twenty minutes for the medication to reach maximum effectiveness inside of the blood stream. Then, it will completely evaporate from the body within two to three hours.


Lispro or Humalog is another very common rapid-acting medication used by diabetes. This specific medication is commonly used in conjunction with long-acting remedies. By combining Humalog with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise, the patient will be able to prevent high blood sugar. In return, this can help to diminish the risk of kidney damage, nerve problems and blindness. Properly managing your diabetes is also absolutely essential to decreasing the risk of suffering from a future heart attack or stroke. This man-made product is very similar to human insulin.

While Lispro acts very quickly, it usually has a shorter impact than regular insulin. Nevertheless, it is a good option when you need to fix your blood sugar levels in a hurry.

Short-Acting Or Regular Insulin

Short acting insulin include regular insulin and Velosulin. These medications are very effective for covering insulin requirements for meals approximately 30 to 60 minutes after you’ve eaten. Velosulin can be a good replacement for regular insulin, but it is primarily used in an insulin pump. While conventional insulin is automatically created in the body, it can also be utilized to treat diabetes. Make sure that you never use insulin, if you’re suffering from low blood sugar or hypoglycemia. Doing so could pose a serious risk! The symptoms associated with hypoglycemia include dizziness, increase heartbeat and fainting.


These medications are often used in correlation with rapid and even short-action alternatives. In general, they’ll be able to cover the patient’s insulin needs for 12 to 24 hours. It is often recommended that the patient use intermediate-acting medications to cover their needs overnight. The most common intermediate-acting medication is NPH insulin or Neutral Protamine Hagedorn insulin. The medication, which was initially created in 1936, is very effective for controlling the user’s blood sugar levels. NPH insulin is available in an injection form, which must be administered under the skin. The doctor will usually recommend that the patient receive injections at least once or twice a day.

Typically, NPH insulin users will experience the onset of the effects within a period of 90 minutes. Then, the impact can linger for a good 24 hours. While NPH insulin is very safe, it does have a few minor side effects with low blood sugar being the most common. Simultaneously, the patient may experience pain and irritation at the site of the injection. NPH Insulin is available under a variety of brand names, including Novolin N, Novolin NPH, and Humulin N.

Again, it is wise to consult with your primary physician to ensure you’re able to get the right medications for your unique situation.

Long-Acting Insulin

As mentioned above, there are various types of insulin, with each performing a similar action over a specified period of time. Long-acting insulin, such as Lantus and Levemir, helps maintain blood glucose levels for 20 to 24 hours. In most cases, long-acting insulin is combined with short-acting or rapid-acting insulin, even though it is supposed to cover insulin needs throughout the course of 24 hours.

Even when taking long-acting insulin, routine blood glucose monitoring is vital for maintenance. This type of insulin is very similar to the insulin produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.

Long-acting insulin, also known as background or basal insulin plays a huge role in blood glucose management. It is important to note that this type of insulin takes much longer to work, compared to short-acting, intermediate-acting and rapid-acting insulin. It is not unusual for it to take four hours for the insulin to reach the bloodstream, which is why they are called background insulin. It continues to work, while you go about your daily routine.


Lantus is one of the most common long-acting insulin medications on the market. It is actually a form of the hormone, which has been produced by man. When this offshoot of insulin is introduced to the body, it is capable of lowering the body’s blood sugar level. Lantus or insulin glargine will begin impacting the body within a few hours after the injection has been administered. Then, it can continue working for a duration of twenty-four hours. This makes Lantus a good way to keep your blood sugar levels even for the entire day.

Lantus is commonly used for adults and children that are suffering from diabetes mellitus. It can also treat Type 2 and Type 1 diabetics. Remember that you should steer clear of Lantus, if you’ve suffered from a recent encounter with hypoglycemia. Remember that Lantus isn’t a cure or a miracle. It cannot completely rectify diabetes. Instead, the medication should be combined with a healthy diet and plenty of exercise to help keep your diabetes under control.


Levemir or insulin detemir is another man-made type of insulin, which is used to combat type 2 diabetes, type 1 diabetes, and diabetes mellitus. It works very similar to Lantus and can help keep blood sugar levels in check for a period of twenty-four hours. It is absolutely essential to make sure that Levemir is never administered to children under the age of 2! Before using this medication, you should consult with your doctor. Let them know, if you’ve suffered from kidney disease, liver disease, hypokalemia, or diabetic ketoacidosis.

Levemir is commonly used during pregnancy, but it is vital to make sure you follow your doctor’s orders strictly. Failing to do so could cause serious repercussions for you and your unborn baby. Remember to keep the Levemir refrigerated, until you’re ready to use it. Alternatively, it can be stored at room temperature for a period of 42 days.