Results from a study published within the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association explained that just about 1 billion people globally will have vitamin D Deficiency because of long term diseases and insufficient sunlight exposure due to sunscreen use.
This review additionally observed that ninety five percent of African American adults may have vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency. Vitamin D levels that vary amongst races are due to differences in skin pigmentation.
According to Kim Pfotenhauer, DO, assistant professor at Touro University and a researcher on this study, “People are spending less time outside and, when they do go out, they’re typically wearing sunscreen, which essentially nullifies the body’s ability to produce vitamin D. While we want people to protect themselves against skin cancer, there are healthy, moderate levels of unprotected sun exposure that can be very helpful in boosting vitamin D.”
The author also stated that long term diseases like Type 2 Diabetes and those involving malabsorption, including kidney disease, Crohn’s and celiac disease largely inhibit the body’s capacity to metabolize vitamin D from food sources.
Vitamin D has long been considered more as a hormone and is produced when the skin is exposed to sunlight. Vitamin D receptors are present in almost all cells within the human body. For this reason, it performs a variety of functions such as cell growth, nerve and muscle functioning, immune resistance and reduction of inflammation.
Symptoms for inadequate or low vitamin D levels are muscle weakness and bone fractures. Men and women exhibiting these signs or who had chronic diseases known to decrease vitamin D, should have their levels checked and, if found to be low, be given therapy choices. Nevertheless, common screening is likely neither essential nor prudent absent symptoms or persistent illness.
How To Avoid Vitamin D Deficiency ?
Increasing and maintaining healthy vitamin D levels may also be as convenient as spending 5 to 30 minutes in sunlight twice per week. The right time depends upon the location and skin pigmentation. It is fundamental to forgo sunscreen in the course of these sessions in view that SPF 15 or higher decreases vitamin D3 production by 99 percent. According to Dr. Pfotenhauer, “You don’t need to go sunbathing at the beach to get the benefits. A simple walk with arms and legs exposed is enough for most people.”
Sources like milk, breakfast cereals, and Portobello mushrooms are additionally fortified with vitamin D. Dr. Pfotenhauer said dietary supplements are a good option, as they’re rich and pose few dangers, as long as they are taken as directed and a health practitioner is consulted earlier.
Studies are ongoing to assess whether or not vitamin D deficiency has a role in multiple sclerosis, autoimmune problems, infections, respiratory ailments, cardiac problems, melanoma, and fracture risks.