Due to swollen feet, doctors can sometimes make the decision to treat a patient with diuretics, drugs that eliminate water from the body. It is important that your doctor decide whetherÂ youÂ presentÂ edema or not. If not prevented or treated, over time, swollen feet (edema) can lead to stretching of the skin, which can lead to otherÂ annoying situations. If you have swelling and difficulties during breathing, then it is a signÂ that you should seek immediateÂ medical help. Pregnant women who noticeÂ legs swelling must beÂ kept under medical observation.
Edema can be treated only by stimulating the evacuation of fluids in the urine by the kidneys. To reach this result,Â diuretics and keeping a salt diet are required. Treatment varies for each type of edema depending on theÂ cause that lead toÂ it. A unilateral swelling of a leg, caused by phlebitis, is reduced by anticoagulant treatment. IfÂ venous insufficiency is the causeÂ edemaÂ can be improved by wearingÂ special stocking. A bilateral lower limb edema, attributable to heart failure, is treated by administering anti-diuretic drugs, and vasodilators.
Swollen feet can be caused by excessive accumulation of fluid in the tissues,Â generally painless, usuallyÂ found in older people, overweight persons, pregnant women orÂ a consequence ofÂ long periods inÂ standing or sitting position.
Symptoms and medical conditions may indicate excessive fluid retentionÂ as aÂ body response to certain cardiovascular diseases, liver or kidney failure. Other medical situations that could trigger legsÂ inflammation include burns, insect bites, infections and varicose veins, and certain drugs.
The only way to treat leg swelling is to remove the cause thatÂ lead to their appearance. Here are some of the actions thatÂ you can take to reduce the swelling:
- Put a pillow under your legs when resting to keep the feet in a higher position than the rest of theÂ body
- Wear elastic stockings that you can buy in pharmacies and specialized stores – the pressure they exert on tissues that can prevent theÂ accumulation of fluid in the legs.
- Do not spend too much time standing orÂ in theÂ seated position without changing position.
- Listen to your doctorÂ advice in terms of salt and fluid intake.
- Exercise – can reduce swelling of the legs. Blood flows naturally from the legs to the heart. Exercises stimulates normal blood circulation.
- Raising the legs above the heart – promotes blood circulation to the brain.
- Weight loss – Obesity slows blood circulation in theÂ entire body, and one of the consequencesÂ can be swelling of the feet. Losing weight helps blood to circulate better andÂ can reduceÂ inflammation of the extremities.
- Reduce salt intake and adopt a balancedÂ diet
- Applications with vinegar – alternation, one hot, another cold is an alternative treatment for leg swelling. For this purposeÂ you canÂ mix two equal parts ofÂ water and vinegar on a towel, which willÂ be appliedÂ around the legs forÂ 7 to 10Â minutes. The process is repeatedÂ two to threeÂ times.
- Molasses and aniseed – water added. Boil 250 ml water, 1 / 2 tablespoon molasses 1 tablespoon anise. Keep it boiling until only a half of the mixture will remain. DrinkÂ this composition in three or four rounds day as it can reduce swelling of the feet, provided it is not triggered by a chronic disease. Treatment is effective, including in pregnant women who suffer from this drawback.
Physical exercisesÂ for swollen ankles
Swollen ankles are most frequently the result ofÂ different types ofÂ trauma, aÂ sprain for example, or fluid buildup in the lower body (lymphedema, sodium intake, prolonged standing.
Preparing for exercise
Often when a person is experiencing swollen ankles, especially because of the pain, may avoid exercise. However, if your doctor recommends rest and recreation (as for sprains),Â you mustÂ seek advice before starting physical activity. Training will begin gradually.
There are several types of movements that might be useful:
- Exercises keep joints flexible and prevent stiff ankles. These include bending and rotation. Raise the heel as much fromÂ ground as possible, standing on the tips of the feet.
- WalkingÂ is an excellent exercise for swollen ankles due to fluid retention. As a person isÂ walking, leg motion and fluid flow determinesÂ normalization of the lymphatic system function. It is recommended that the patient begins in the first stage to walk on foot for short distances, and then extend the walks time.
- Toning and stretching
Toning and stretching exercises prevents fluid retention, ankles become stronger. This can be done by stretching the calf muscles in a sitting position or standing. Stand on the chairÂ and wrap a towel around the ankle foot, pull the towel heads, keeping leg straight in front and the toes pointed upward. Another exercise involves tightening calf muscles climbing stairs on the calfsÂ and down stairs onÂ fingertips on the heels.