Home Disorders Cardiovascular Disorders May-Thurner Syndrome: what is it and how is it treated?

May-Thurner Syndrome: what is it and how is it treated?

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Are you suffering from May-Thurner Syndrome? This disease occurs when your iliac artery “ which is on the right “ compresses the iliac vein on your left side. The iliac vein and artery pass through your pelvis. When your iliac vein is compressed, you could end up suffering from DVT (deep vein thrombosis) or blood clots.

Clots in your veins can restrict blood flow, leading to health problems. Many people only learn about May-Thurner Syndrome after they are diagnosed with DVT.

Symptoms of May-Thurner Syndrome

You are not likely to witness the symptoms of this disease until you develop a clot on your leg. Once you do, you will experience the following:

– Leg pain

– Swelling

– Redness

– Warm sensation in the leg

– Pronounced leg veins

If you experience the above symptoms, you need to get in touch with a doctor. The biggest concern when it comes to DVT is that the clot could migrate to other areas of your body such as the lungs and get trapped there. If this occurs, you might die from pulmonary embolism.

Moreover, blood could leak in your leg, resulting in skin discoloration, chronic pain, and swelling. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should seek medical attention immediately.

Who is usually affected?

Roughly 2-5 percent of people that suffer from vein disorders in the lower body have this disease. May-Thurner Syndrome is thought to have relations to congenital illnesses that may cause an abnormality in the arrangement of the right iliac artery and the left iliac vein. This condition can also be the result of trauma and the likelihood of its occurrence increases with weight gain and age.

In most cases, MTS occurs in middle-aged and young women between the ages of 20 and 53. If you have a clotting disorder and often use contraceptives, your risk is higher.

How is the condition diagnosed?

May-Thurner Syndrome can only be diagnosed positively by imaging the pelvic and lower back areas using X-rays, MRI, ultrasound, and other imaging techniques. Another technique commonly used in the diagnosis of May-Thurner is venography “ special dye is injected into the vein before an X-ray of the area is taken.

This dye works by making the veins visible, revealing any compressions or areas where blood flow is sluggish, which could indicate the existence of a clot.

May-Thurner Syndrome treatment

Once you have been diagnosed with this disease, treatment should commence straight away. Several treatment options exist, so your doctor needs to evaluate your current condition as well as your health history to choose the most effective one. One approach is prescribing blood thinners to get rid of clots in your veins.

You can also be treated through thrombolytic therapy, which is the insertion of a small catheter in the affected vein. Medicine is then injected into this catheter to help dissolve the clots. Once the vein is free of clots, angioplasty “ insertion of balloon into the vein “ can be used to widen it. A
venous stent can also be used to keep the vein open. In rare cases, the doctor might suggest inserting a vena cava filter into your largest vein to filter out clots that break free and travel through the body.

To prevent the right iliac artery from compressing the left iliac vein, surgery might be necessary. During the operation, the doctor moves the artery to sit behind the vein. To achieve the best results, a follow up surgery might be necessary.

Another surgical technique involves the placement of a tissue sling between the two blood vessels. This procedure usually creates space between the blood vessels.