Control your blood sugar level
If you want to stay away from kidney problems, you will need to control your blood sugar level. Half of the people suffering from diabetes also develop kidney damage. So, it is important for you to maintain your blood sugar level. If you're suffering from diabetes, you will need regular test to check your kidney status. If you can detect such damage early, you can reduce such damage in future. There are different ways available which will help you to control your blood sugar level.
Keep fit and active
If you fit and active, you are less likely to suffer from kidney problems. Why is that? When you stay active and fit, you can reduce your blood pressure and maintain it at the required level, which will reduce the risk of chronic kidney problems. You can walk, you can run, you can cycle or you can go to a gym but all you need to do is keep fit and active. It will also eliminate many of your health problems at present and in future.
Drink more water
Drinking more water is really beneficial for you when you are trying to avoid kidney problems. If you drink 1.5 to 2 litres of water every day, that should be good enough for you. When you drink more water, it will help you by helping the kidneys in clearing sodium, urea and toxins from your body. That will significantly reduce your possibility of developing chronic kidney disease. Drinking enough water will ensure that there is no decline in kidney function. The amount of water will depend on your gender, climate, exercise, health conditions, pregnancy etc. Drinking 2 litres of water is also good for people who already have kidney stone, so as to avoid formation of new kidney stones.
Besides many health benefits, eating healthy will also help you to keep away from kidney problems. It can help you in prevention of diabetes, and heart disease which can result in chronic kidney disease later on. You also need to keep your weight in check because that is another condition which is associated with kidney problems. Please reduce your salt intake. You can easily do that by reducing processed and restaurant food and you should not add extra salt to your food. It is always better if you prepare food yourself using some fresh fruits and vegetables.
Avoid over-the-counter pills
If you take too many over-the-counter pills on a regular basis, it can result in kidney damage. Common medicines like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines such as ibuprofen are not good for your kidney health. If you take it regularly it can result in kidney damage. In case of chronic pain, these medicines are generally prescribed. You have to be careful about them and should discuss the use with your doctor.
Monitor blood pressure
We already know that high blood pressure can result in stroke or heart attack but it is also the most common cause of kidney problems. If you have high blood pressure, you need to change your lifestyle and also make some dietary changes. If it is too high (140/90), then you will need to monitor your blood pressure regularly. High blood pressure is one of the causes of kidney damage.
If you smoke, it is dangerous for you and you already know it. It is also dangerous for your kidneys because it will reduce the flow of blood to your kidneys. If less than required blood reaches your kidneys, your kidneys will not be able to function properly. The risk of kidney cancer is increased by 50% due to smoking.