Smoking and Free Radicals
Smoking is an identified component in many serious health problems: stroke, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular ailments, coronary artery ailments, to call a few. Recent research in Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry by authors Syaheedah et al. sought to study what impact antioxidants in honey have on the oxidative stress in smokers.
Smoking introduces free radicals into the body leading to oxidative stress, decreased antioxidant status and negative health influences. Previous study has shown that supplementation of herbs and algae with antioxidant qualities strengthen oxidative status in smokers. Honey supplementation has been effective in lowering the toxic effects of cigarette smoking in rats, but prior to this study the results of honey supplementation in long term smokers was undocumented.
Tualang Honey Benefits
Honey, a natural substance from bees and derived from nectar, contains sugars, minerals, proteins, natural acids and antioxidants. Syaheedah et al. assessed the effects of Tualang honey on smokers after a 12-week supplementation on a group of 32 persistent smokers with two equal-sized control groups; one who weren’t supplemented and a group of non-smokers.
Blood samples had been taken pre- and post-intervention. In the smoking groups, antioxidant status was less than in non-smokers. There was increased incidence of end products, which indicate oxidant reaction in the people who smoke, possible induced by the free radicals in cigarettes. Oxidant activity can damage cell structure and performance, which may lead to health issues for the user.
On the end of the 12 weeks, the group who consumed honey and who smoke have been found to have broadly improved antioxidant function, strongly suggesting the ability of the honey to offset oxidative stress with its antioxidants which have powerful free radical ‘scavenging’ properties
Syaheedah said, “Our findings may suggest that honey can be used as a supplement among those who are exposed to free radicals in cigarette smoke either as active or passive smokers in order to protect or reduce the risk of having cardiovascular diseases.”
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Reference: Science Daily
Written By: Dr. Marie Gabrielle Laguna Bedia