Any disease of kidney should not be neglected. It is one of our vital organs. But the treatment may vary depending on the stage and cause of the disease. Kidney disease is broadly classified into acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease.
Stages of kidney problems
In early stages, the treatment is basically focused on identifying and slowing the progress of the disease. The key focus of the treatment is reducing the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
Sedentary lifestyle and stress are the two factors which need to be changed to keep your kidneys healthy. Your doctor may also prescribe different medications to help keep your body in balance. Regular checking of the performance of your kidneys can do a lot of good to your overall health.
With the progress of your age, chances of developing different diseases increase and kidney ailments are also not any exception. In the middle stages of chronic kidney disease, complications such as bone disease and anaemia may occur. The treatment is similar like that of early stages. You may need blood and urine tests more frequently, and you may be prescribed more medications by your doctors. Even you may be referred to a kidney specialist at this stage.
If all not goes well and the disease progresses to an end stage, your kidneys will need to be replaced by either a kidney transplant or dialysis. Kidney transplants can come from a living or a deceased donor. Dialysis has a number of options – either peritoneal dialysis or home haemodialysis and centre-based haemodialysis.
Some important decisions about treatment
When you have end stage kidney disease, you need to take some important decisions about treatment. But before you take any decision, you must consider some of the following factors:
- Understand the importance of making a decision.
- Re-consider your current lifestyle priorities.
- Compare your treatment options in relation to your lifestyle priorities.
- Take opinion of your family and healthcare providers in making a treatment choice.
Besides the options of either peritoneal dialysis or home haemodialysis and centre-based haemodialysis, the kidney transplant option is the last resort, but is not a cure. You can get a long and active life, free from dialysis through a transplant. But there is a factor, which is vital: You can have a transplant if you are medically suitable.
Regular medication is an important part of your treatment for chronic kidney disease.
Your regular medications may include medicines to control your blood pressure, diuretics to increase your urine output, keep your heart healthy, vitamin D to maintain strong bones, and erythropoeitin and iron injections to control your anaemia.
Do not use out of date medications which are less effective or even harmful. Have a medication review with your doctors or health professionals. Some medicines may no longer be suitable and there may be need of new medications. If you are seeing a new doctor, tell him or her about your kidney condition and don't hide anything from your doctor.
Beware of buying prescription medicines online. You may be handed over spurious medicines if you suddenly buy them online for your ease or after buying, at least, show it to your doctor or health consultant before your pop the poll. If you have any real concerns or questions about your medications, don't hesitate to talk to your pharmacist or consult your doctor.