An infection caused by the yeast called Candida Albicans is called candidiasis. It is an infection affecting various parts of the body, such as the throat, mouth, blood, skin and genitals of both men and women. The condition has different names depending upon the areas of infection. The yeast forms in small amounts and produce uncomfortable symptoms. It is called a yeast infection when it affects the genitalia or vulvovaginal yeast infection when it affects women. When it involves the mouth and throat areas, it is called oropharyngeal candidiasis (thrush). It is the typical diaper rash when it affects the baby skin on the bottom area. It becomes the candidemia or invasive candidiasis when it affects the bloodstream.
What to do with a thrush
A thrush is oral candidiasis that usually affects the elderly, babies, and individuals with a poor immune system, such as those with AIDs, asthma, diabetes and on steroid medication. When it occurs, there are white spots growing in the mouth area including the tongue. One will experience a sore throat and redness along the mouth area. In certain cases, swallowing becomes difficult and there is cracking at the corners of the mouth.
When a thrush occurs, the solution is usually by medication. Your doctor will consider giving either a mouthwash or a pill. If left untreated, there is a high risk of the yeast infection to reach the bloodstream. Your doctor will assess your condition, such as your overall health condition and the severity of the Candidiasis. In more serious forms of a thrush, antifungal drug is usually prescribed intravenous.
What to do with a genital yeast infection
Genital yeast infection is very common among women. There is a discharge of a while, clumpy discharge and the vaginal area becomes sore and inflamed. The most common sign of candidiasis in the genitals of women is itchiness. Uncircumcised men may also experience genital candidiasis with the common symptoms of itchiness and rashes in the penile area.
The best solution for genital yeast infection include suppositories or cream that is applied to the affected area. They can be bought as an over-the-counter medications that you can use even without a doctor's prescription. It is best, however, to consult your doctor to ensure getting the right diagnosis for your condition. Most of the time, doctors will prescribe Diflucan at 150 mg for milder forms of candidiasis or when you do not get it often.
In cases of recurrent condition, an anti-fungal medicine is often prescribed with a treatment duration of 14 days for mild cases or longer up to six months for more severe cases. For a two weeks treatment, boric capsule is also given. Individuals who get recurrent infection need a more thorough assessment of their condition with their doctor in order to determine the possible underlying medical condition that may contribute to the severity of their condition. Your doctor may prescribe taking probiotics to introduce good bacteria in the body that can fight the yeast infection.
What to do with invasive yeast infection
Invasive yeast infection occurs whenever the infection spreads to the bloodstream and circulatory system. This condition imposes more severe infection called candidemia that can spread throughout the other parts of the body. Individuals with a weak immune system are more susceptible to invasive yeast infection. Fever and chills are common signs of infection and may continue even after taking antibiotics. This condition can be treated with an anti-fungal medicine orally or intravenously.
Pharmaceutical solutions for candidiasis
The first line of defense against candidiasis are both topical and oral drugs that help in fighting the infection. The type of medication prescribed will depend mainly on the anatomic location of the infection, the extent of the condition and the species of candida that is causing the infection. Fluconazole is the drug of choice for invasive candidiasis. Ketoconazole treatment for candidiasis has been prohibited by the Food and Drug Authority after its findings on the risk to adrenal insufficiency and liver injury in the course of treatment. In 2013, the drug was recalled from the market.
Localized candidiasis are treated with topical anti-fungal creams. Examples of these are clotrimazole, ciclopirox, nystatin, and econazole. Systemic antifungal therapy is prescribed for extensive cutaneous infection.
Home remedies for candidiasis
While OTC medications are very common as solutions for candidiasis infection in men and women, there are remedies available from your home. They are good alternative cures for candidiasis, especially in its mild form of infection. Boric acid, yoghurt, garlic, tea tree oil, probiotics and douching are the most common home remedies available for you. They are cheap and effective when applied to the affected area.
Surgical care for candidiasis
To a greater extent, surgical management may be indicated as treatment for the infection. Debridement or the removal of the candidal abscess is needed along with drainage procedure followed by an anti-fungal treatment.
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