Hair loss can be very scary and stressful. You need to know the causes and the cures of hair loss to fight against it.
Telogen effluvium is a condition in which you lose lots of hair while brushing or washing. It happens mostly after some specific conditions such as pregnancy, severe weight loss, major surgery, and extreme stress. Side effects of medications like anti-inflammatory medicines, antidepressants may also result in this condition.
In case of pregnancy and major surgery, he will need to wait till the hair loss slows down. In case of medicines, you can stop using them after talking to your doctor. In case of stress, you will have to find a way to reduce your stress.
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which your body produces very little thyroid hormone which is crucial for heart rate and metabolism. Millions of people suffer from this condition and most of them are women. Thyroid hormone is also crucial for growth of hair and its absence hair loss will happen.
The doctor will advise a blood test to find out if you have hypothyroidism. If you have it, the doctor will prescribe thyroid hormone medications to get the levels of thyroid hormone to a balanced level.
Condition of the scalp
If the scalp is unhealthy, it will cause inflammation which will result in prevention of hair growth. Skin problems like psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff), ringworm (fungal infections) also result in excessive hair loss.
A physical examination of the scalp by the doctor will help to determine the condition of the scalp. You may also need a fungal culture and a biopsy to find out the actual cause of hair loss. Your doctor will prescribe a medication shampoo in case of seborrheic dermatitis. In case of psoriasis, medicines or light therapy will be required. For the ringworm problem, you will need to go for oral antifungals.
Hereditary hair loss
Sometimes hair loss can be genetic and it is known as androgenetic alopecia. It is known as the most common causes of hair loss in people. You may inherit the problem any one of your parents. However, according to the doctors, you're more likely to suffer from the problem if both the parents suffered from hair loss problem.
You may need to go for a blood test or a biopsy of your scalp done to find the presence of miniaturised follicles in your scalp. Your doctor may prescribe use of minoxidil (Rogaine) twice daily on your scalp. You may also be prescribed the oral medicine finasteride (Propecia).
It's a chronic autoimmune disease. In this condition, the immune system attacks the healthy tissues. Millions of people are affected by this condition. It is specially seen in case of women in their childbearing years. Painful swollen joints, headaches, fatigue, oral ulcers are some of the common symptoms of Lupus. Hair loss happens while brushing and shampooing of the hair.
You will need to go to a rheumatologist, who will check your joints and other tissues to find out pain, heat, redness and swelling. The doctor will also prescribe a blood test to find out the anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) levels in the blood. A biopsy may be also necessary in this condition.
Common hair loss medicines
Finasteride (Propecia), Minoxidil (Rogaine), Dutasteride (Avodart) and prostaglandin analogs are some of the common medicines used for treatment of hair loss in men. Minoxidil (Rogaine), and Propecia are two important medicines used for treatment of hair loss in women. Since the causes of hair loss may be different in men and women so the treatment needs of them may also be different.